HIST 1103 WEEK 5 NOTES
HIST 1103 WEEK 5 NOTES HIST 1103
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nichole Pike on Sunday September 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1103 at Oklahoma State University taught by Professor Prince in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views.
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Date Created: 09/18/16
WEEK 5 HIST 1103 DISCLAIMER: THESE NOTES WERE TAKEN FROM WHAT WAS RETAINED FROM CLASS LECTURE AND TEXTBOOK READINGS. THESE ARE IN NO WAY COMPREHENSIVE, BUT SHOULD BE USED IN CONJUNCTION WITH CLASS MATERIALS PROVIDED BY THE PROFESSOR. SLAVERY AND STATES RIGHTS SLAVERY AS A “NECESSARY EVIL” John C. Calhounwants to be president in congress, senate, secretary of state, and even vice president but every time he runs for president, he doesn’t get it HONOR AND VIOLENCE IN THE OLD SOUTH South was a very violent place if you violated honor, violence was justified top slave ownerlots of slaves middle slave owner10 or so slaves, but would still have to work the field no slaves mean that you are poor, it was linked to social class and status 95% of the people in the confederate army are not slave owners, but will fight for the systems by early 1800s, the north is getting rid of slaves the north and south are moving in fundamentally different directions RISE OF KING COTTON Eli Whitney invents the cotton gin the cotton gin creates a new economy for slaves overnight cotton removes all the nutrients from the soil and after planting multiple seasons, they would need to move and expand to get new land Southerns get really skeptical of people questioning South believes if they control the government, that the government won’t do anything about slavery; in order to protect slavery MISSOURI COMPROMISE people are getting anxious and we can see that when enough people live in Missouri and apply for statehood and enter as a slave state there is no state to balance out Missouri to keep the Senate balanced this ties up government for 3 years Congress says Maine will be an arbitrary free state to enter together this line dividing the south (slave states) and north (free states) alienates the south with less land NAT TURNER’S REBELLION1831 Nat Turner was a slave who didn’t like what was going on probably the biggest uprising of the time going plantation to plantation, killing owners and freeing slaves the problems of slavery never computed to slave owners; they didn’t see that it was bad, they saw it as paternalistic and took care of them becomes against the law to teach them to read; religion was seen as a threat it would then be illegal to teach them Christianity they could not assemble also punished white people who challenged whites with fines or even jail time said “let us do what we want and there won’t be civil war” all based on control THE RISE OF ABOLITIONISM Garrison began to push abolitionism immediate abolitionismeveryone is immediately freed militant abolitionismgradual one even said they would make their own slaves and release them all when they turn 30 people are worried slaves would compete with jobs Northerns are incredibly racist American colonial society is to take free blacks from the north and slaves in the south and send them to Africasent to Liberia under Monroe most slaves at this time are English speaking and born in the US and know nothing about Africa SLAVERY AS A “POSITIVE GOOD” most articulate about what Southerns are thinking after Nate’s Rebellion, Virginia debates on getting rid of slavery because of this, there is a fear of white people in the south attacking black people and then John C. Calhoun gives speech ELECTION OF 1824 1824 election, there are 4 people running Quincy Adams in inept to presidency Henry Clay swings other votes Adams makes Clay Secretary of State so it looks like Clay was bought off Jackson used this as an outcry; says he should have won because of corrupt bargain Jackson used the press better TARIFF WOES we need protective tariffs something that will rise the price in order to push people to buy American south is dependent on cheap European goods so they don’t like this ELECTION OF 1828BEGINNING OF JACKSONIAN DEMOCRACY people loved elections huge parties happened when people campaigned and get people to support the idea of modern democratic party Jackson gives them the mascot because a jackass is hardworking Jackson wins presidency and commissions 1400 block of cheese outside of Whitehouse could come and grab some cheese and allows people into the Whitehouse and people trash the Whitehouse to foster the idea that he is of the common people in order to mandate whatever he wants THE BANK WAR get info from new slide Jackson will lose all of his money at one point and hates war gets together a kitchen cabinetadvice from his drinking buddies we get the first great depression NULLIFICATION CRISISPART I this almost leads to Civil War shows states they can just get up and leave if they want to John C. Calhoun writes the South Carolina Exposition and Protest if people voted ‘no’ then why do they have to pay for it argues that a state has a right to say no to something “THE UNION: NEXT TO OUR LIBERTY, THE MOST DEAR!” the south gets an idea to write an even higher tariff The Force Bill, says the president can raise and army and attack and force SC to pay tariffs led up to the Civil War SC says that if the federal government says something that they don’t like they will ignore it and do something in their best interest GREATER IMPACT OF NULLIFICATION south believes the states have supreme power Jackson believes that the federal government is supreme militant fear in the south in order to prepare because slavery will be dealt with at some point INDIAN REMOVAL Jackson is all about Indian removal if a state wanted to get rid of Indian population, he would use the federal government to remove them John Marshall says that the state government can’t do anything because of the treaty; only the federal government can do dealings TRAIL OF TEARS mixed bloods sign the treaty even though they have no right; but to the American government, any signature will do mixed bloods moved immediately but the full bloods were forcibly removed