Rel 103, Week 4 Notes
Rel 103, Week 4 Notes REL 103
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Collin Wilbanks on Sunday September 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to REL 103 at University of Mississippi taught by Mary F Thurlkill in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 135 views. For similar materials see Intro to Judaism, Christianity, and Islam in Religion at University of Mississippi.
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Date Created: 09/18/16
Local folklore about beings called jinn Poetry: something to entertain or learn from. Like TV and movies today. Great poets often said to have been inﬂuenced by jinn Prophet Muhammed (d. 632 CE) his tribe was in charge of the Kabba, and he was a vulnerable orphan. Father died before he was born and his mother died soon after birth in a large and powerful tribe but he was vulnerable as an orphan worked for his uncle in trade well known for his honesty and strong character. This made people want to buy from him and his uncle in his 30’s and 40’s he went on a retreat to meditate, and in the distance he sees a glimmering ﬁgure. He approached the ﬁgure and it turned out to be the angel Gabriel. Gabriel says to him a word in Hebrew that could either be interpreted as “recite” or “read. According to tradition he didn’t know how to read, Muhammed says this and says he is the wrong person. Gabriel then pushes an embroidered cloth to Muhammed, Muhammed says for the second time that he cannot read and he is the wrong person. Gabriel does this again and Muhammed is overwhelmed by the voice of God and is able to read and recite. the ﬁrst recitation 16 September 2016 Quranic revelation and canonization Muhammed targeted and followers persecuted many thought he was just another poet inspired by the jinns Quraysh (merchant tribe who controlled Mecca)/Banu Hashim (family of the prophet Muhammed) Quraysh didn’t like the idea of there only being one god because it was bad for business. They thought about killing him but in a tribal system it’s an eye-for-an-eye system, so one of their own family would probably be killed later. Instead, the Quraysh targeted his followers. the followers tried to answer back and explaining that Muhammed was not simply inspired by jinn wahy vs jinn wahy means direct inspiration from god and not simply from other poets “Secretary” Zayn and later Caliph ‘Uthman (d. 656 ce) Muhammed would write down the inspirational messages from god on the ‘heart’, so basically he’d remember them. His secretary would write “cheat sheets” for Muhammed to help him remember the messages he had received. puts together all of the cheat sheets, get scribes to write down one version as fully voweled as possible so that there is no disagreement about what the the message is (vowels and accents change meaning of word, have to rely on context) about 100 years after this is when the oﬃcial Quran was established So, prophet would receive revelations, followers would write them down, then put them all together. Only organized by what the prophet would speak. No continuous narrative over 114 suras which are basically chapters. Arranged longest to shortest. al-Fatiha (means opening) — the ﬁrst chapter of the Quran. Opens a bit like the Lord’s prayer, it’s a blessing. Only 7 verses. Meccan and Medinan sura Meccan verses were revealed early on the prophet’s career more about god’s nature. One god. You’ll be judged when you die. etc. later, they went to Medina and he continued to make revelations lots of theology still but also rituals, rules, inheritance rules, etc. What’s the context? Something old: god’s “continuous revelations" prophesies emphasize revelations to previous prophets Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, etc. answers charges of a bid’a (“new”, a fad) Muhammed is doing nothing new, this is not something that is a fad. It’s something that has been happening or a long time, through these other prophets ^ as well. Muhammed is just continuing. corrects all the “errors” — things such as the tradition that Noah, after the ﬂood, got drunk and exposed himself to his son. Islam says “no that didn’t happen, he’s a prophet he wouldn’t do that" Quran emphasizes that Muhammed one in a long line of prophets
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