New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Week 3 Notes

by: Hannah Millirons

Week 3 Notes AMST 203

Hannah Millirons

GPA 3.25

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Medicine in America
Robert J. Scholnick
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Medicine in America

Popular in American Studies

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hannah Millirons on Sunday September 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AMST 203 at College of William and Mary taught by Robert J. Scholnick in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 80 views. For similar materials see Medicine in America in American Studies at College of William and Mary.


Reviews for Week 3 Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/18/16
Hannah Millirons Medicine in America September 12, 2016 Notes Week 3  Stowe o Stowe is writing about Dr. Yandell’s case narratives  These are more like stories and less like formal lists or explanations of  diagnoses  They create a whole new genre of writing   They are first person accounts, usually fragmentary  autobiographies o During the 1830s and 40s, medical failures were strikingly common, so this was  often discussed in the narratives  This challenged doctor’s self­confidence and the patients’ confidence in  the doctors themselves   Patients became skeptical of physicians  Walt Whitman criticizes doctors and their intended cures bc they  did more harm than good o Physicians felt superior to folk healers o Narratives traced a boundary between professional and personal lives of the  doctors o Yandell had already been practicing for 12 years when he was 31 (1805­1878) o The line between professionals and “lay” people was very thin  There was a difference in their training and knowledge, but the line was  barely there when it came to practice o His son gets dysentery, which causes loss of fluid & electrolytes  He ends up dying  o Yandell goes through these cases of dysentery and doesn’t come out with any new knowledge  He uses Siddenham’s methods of cooling down the body instead of  bleeding the patient   Leavitt o William H. Brisbane, M.D. (born in 1806) wrote in his diary that medicine is a  worrying profession  What he meant by this was that there are outside forces that don’t  necessarily pertain to the case, but still affect his life   His practice hadn’t been taking up much of his time, but the other things  in his life have   They affect his outlook on his work  Worries came from traveling to the patient’s house o You could freeze, get bitten by mosquitos, you could get  hurt on the way o You may not know what you need to bring, so you may not have the right materials to fix the problem o You may not get paid, so the trip may not be worth going a  long way  Another physician may already be there o Cost of travel may outweigh the benefits o Medical journals allowed gender roles to be understood and experienced by both  genders   Men were able to read about midwifery and social problems that women  knew all too well o The domestic environment sometimes severely impacted the experience of  physicians practicing inside the homes of patients and the physicians themselves  o Being a physician was no longer solely a woman’s job  It became a male breadwinning job  Men and women still conformed to social gender norms  o Men crossed over into the women’s realm when they started working in their  patients’ homes and by letting their daily lives affect their work  Distinction between work and domestic life was blurred since they mixed  so much o Another male physician, Horace B. Willard, also had his life intertwined with his  medical practice o Willard and Brisbane both refuted the idea the homeopathic medicine actually  worked and believed that only regular medical ideals and practices were  legitimate  o Both were rural, small­town physicians and both were against slavery o Physicians weren’t sent for unless it was an emergency  It could take days for the patient to be seen  Patients would be bleeding, vomiting,   Starr  o Starts out talking about the economy and how there wasn’t enough money to  support a high level of care  o Physicians couldn’t get much money from practicing  Tried to raise prices and there was an oversupply, so it backfired o AMA founded in 1847 in Philadelphia   Nathan A. Davis  Developed first modern code of medical ethics  Tried to raise educational needs of MDA  Killed the push for universal healthcare over the course of the 20  century o Focuses on transportation  Without it, physicians wouldn’t be able to make a living  Automobiles and improved road enable doctors to visit patients more  easily  Urbanization brought patients into the city   More money coming into healthcare  Educational standards are raised  Physicians entered a profession bc they wanted to help the patients, but were criticized   Pierre Charles Louis o Tested bleeding  o In his essay, he gave later researchers an essential tool on figuring out clinical  trials   Leopold Auenbrugger (1722­1809) o Invented percussion/tapping as a tool for diagnosis   Rene Laennec (1781­1826) o Invented the stethoscope  Marie François Xavier Bichat (1771­1802) o Distinguished between 22 different tissues o New insight into the body o Father of histology  Robert Hooke (1635­1703)  America’s first important major contribution is ether used as a means of anesthesia  o William Thomas Morton  Dentist in Hartford, CN & discovered ether could be used as anesthesia  o John Collins Warren  First surgeon to use ether   Germ theory o States that certain diseases come from microorganisms  o Needed a way of controlling germs by antiseptic and aseptic   In 1873, there were 200 hospitals  In 1912, there were 4000 hospitals   John Gault  o Led the mental hospital in CW o Advocated for the fair and humane treatment for the mentally ill  Philippe Pinel (1745­1826) o Father of “moral therapy”  Humane treatment of mental patients  


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.