Week 4, ENGL 231: British Authors > 1800
Week 4, ENGL 231: British Authors > 1800 ENGL 231
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ENGL 231: British Authors > 1800: Week 1 Week 4 Recap Hello, fellow students! Once again, it’s me, Marshall DeFor. This week, we discussed Persuasion by Jane Austen in length. Specifically, we discussed Austen’s history in relation to the novel, the Navy and its role in the book and in the time period, and the theme of loss throughout the novel. I wrote all of the following material, unless it is otherwise cited. Life gets crazy, so hopefully, this takes some of the pressure off of missing a day or missing a section of notes or reading! Table of Contents: Lecture Notes Monday Wednesday Friday Readings for the eek: Persuasion by Jane Austen Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 9 Chapter 10 Chapter 11 Chapter 12 Chapter 13 Chapter 14 Chapter 15 Chapter 16 Chapter 17 Chapter 18 Chapter 19 Chapter 20 Chapter 21 Chapter 22 Chapter 23 Chapter 24 Lecture Notes Please keep in mind that this is supplemental material only. I am a human, and I make mistakes. I cannot write down everything that is said or presented. These notes should provide you with a large amount of what was presented but may not include all of the material that you need to know. The main goal of these lecture notes are to help you remember the major points of each lecture, as well as provide some background information on each key point. ENGL 231: British Authors > 1800: Week 1 Monday I. Persuasion was Austen’s last completed novel. II. Austen died of Addison’s Disease A. adrenal gland starts producing adrenaline B. lack of motivation to eat C. person fades away III. The theme in Persuasion is highly autobiographical: disinheritance happened in her own life. Disinheritance shows up in dislocated ways throughout the novel. A. Austen was the daughter of an Anglican clergymen 1. lots of kids 2. only two daughters (who were bffs) 3. Enough money, but not a lot B. Austen had extremely wealthy, childless cousins. One of the sons became the adopted son of these rich people and basically inherited richness. C. Jane was 21 and unmarried, and her sister was 2223 and unmarried (although she had been betrothed, and her fiance died.) Their father gave up his living and his rectory and had them passed on to his oldest son who was also a clergyman. Her father then took his two daughters to Bath. 1. Austen hated Bath. 2. Bath was a bustling tourist town: balls, concerts, etc. D. When Austen’s father died, they had no living and became homeless. 1. Austen, her sister, and her mother only made about 600 pounds a year. 2. The brother that had inherited richness had this “little” (5bedroom) cottage and let them live there; this was on charity, and Jane always felt a little weird about it. 3. This is where Austen wrote her novels. IV. Sense and Sensibility A. Austen’s first novel B. Signed “By A Lady” C. Later novels were signed with “By The Author of Sense and Sensibility” D. Women didn’t put names on works during this time period. E. Her name was disclosed by her brother after her death. V. Theme: Family relations/bloodlines A. Related to Great Chain of Being: there is a way of the world… B. Genetic heritage of goodness attached to people of high social order C. The Baronetage’s presence in the novel is basically a symbol of obsession with bloodlines. D. The “stillborn son” would have inherited everything. His birth and death year, 1789, was the date of French Revolution; this wouldn’t have been a coincidence. E. primogeniture: the custom of passing inheritance to the oldest son F. During this time in history, the system of “Top is Best” is starting to crumble, partially in fact because the Prince Regent is such a dunce. G. Austen pushes for a new system, meritocracy, by pushing for the Navy in her novel. Wednesday The Navy ENGL 231: British Authors > 1800: Week 1 ● The Navy was a bridge between what mattered in the Old World of aristocracy (bloodline) and the New World of entrepreneurs (ambition). ○ Austen had two brothers in the Navy, and both were captains when she died. After her death, they both became admirals. ○ The Battle of Trafalgar was one of many naval battles that made Britain proud of the Navy ■ 8k Spanish and French troops died; 7k were captured and tried in Britain ■ 2k English soldiers died, including the great Admiral Nelson ■ This battle broke the back of the Spanish and French Navies, and neither recovered before the end of the first Napoleonic war. ○ People could become wealthy in the Navy if they were on prize ships. ■ Stolen ships were usually taken to Bristol. Some of the money was taken to the crown; some money was divided unequally among the hierarchy of sailors. ■ This profession was also dangerous; a Navy sailor could be burned, hit by a cannonball, drowned, or could die of gangrene due to infection. ● The Dinner Party Scene ○ The Miss Musgroves are looking up ships of Captain Wentworth ○ This scene also had the debate between Mrs Croft, Admiral Croft, and Captain Wentworth about whether women should be on ships. ● Wentworth and Anne ○ Wentworth told Mary that Anne was ”altered beyond his knowledge.” The way that Anne reacts to this is the “correct and ethical way” in which Austen is trying to train the readers. Anne put up with this is “silent, deep mortification.” Austen is trying to teach us that we would be happier in the long run if we just acknowledge our problems and move on. ○ Wentworth shows his arrogance in the way that he thinks about marriage; he believes he could have “any woman excepting Anne Elliot.” Wentworth shows his change of heart throughout the novel through his actions, his physical movements without words. He often stuns Anne into silence, as she experiences moments of happiness and pain. Before the letter, Anne took these moments to mean that he “could not forgive, but was not unfeeling.” ● Jane Austen uses Mr Benwick’s character as a critique of the obsession over Romantic poetry. Romantic poetry can’t solve every problem. ● The Theme of Agency ○ In this time period, men could not break engagements, but women could. The only way that a man could get out of an engagement would be to leave the area for a long time, therefore making his absence a very obvious withdrawal. ○ During the scene in which Anne argues that women are more faithful than men, Captain Wentworth’s pen drops. This symbolizes not only a temporary loss of agency, but the fact that Anne is now in charge of the situation. He has been hanging onto her every word. ○ Anne says in this argument that a man loves when a woman is present, but a woman loves when a man is gone. This is her way of saying that she loved Wentworth even when he went away, and this puts her fate into her own hands. Friday Theme of Loss in Human Experience I. Austen puts a much more conservative and ethical response about how you should deal with terrible things that happen to you A. Austen was already ill 1. Probably knew she wasn’t going to live long 2. Obvious dislike of hypochondriacs in this novel B. Christian view of loss: C. Traditional view of loss in contrast to progressive view of social class D. Persuasion is often described as the most lossridden book ENGL 231: British Authors > 1800: Week 1 1. Anne starts resigned 2. Almost all characters have a backstory that includes loss a) Austen uses these characters as foils b) Their main function is to set off the protagonist: all of these characters are to show something about how Anne deals with loss II. Characters of Loss A. Sir Walter Elliot: lost his wife, son, and possibility of personal heir, also loses Kellynch 1. He has dealt with loss through vanity a) Looks in the mirror b) Cares most about his prettiest daughter c) Does not deal with loss properly B. Elizabeth has dealt with the same loss as Sir Walter Elliot, and she has also lost Mr Elliot 1. She also deals with this loss through vanity C. Mary has dealt with same loss as Sir Walter Elliot 1. Mary has become a hypochondriac (Austen’s own mother was a hypochondriac who drove Austen crazy) 2. Only cared about status D. Mr Elliot has lost his wife 1. First seen in mourning clothes, carriage 2. Not a good mourner a) On the make b) First seen giving Anne a look E. Viscountess Dalrymple et al 1. Elliots forgot to send a letter of condolence when someone close to them died F. Wentworth lost Anne, Anne lost Wentworth, Mrs Clay and Lady Russell are widows… G. Richard Musgrove 1. Troublesome son whom they sent to the sea 2. He died in the Navy H. Captain Benwick lost his fiance, the sister of Captain Harville 1. He started reading Romantic poetry, and he’s been taking it way too seriously 2. Anne tells him to read some prose a) Too much of a good thing is bad: very conservative view of this b) Anne feels that his mind is ethically better than his; that is why she feels superior I. Nurse Rook goes around and gathers gossip to give to Mrs. Smith 1. Austen is trying to create a “Joblike” character 2. Mrs. Smith has lost pretty much everything 3. She’s dealing with it properly by being cheerful and putting up with it 4. She seems to be lowkey manipulating Anne 5. Doesn’t tell Anne the terrible things Mr Elliot until after Anne tells her that she doesn’t want to marry him III. Poetic Justice: giving our merits and punishment that are in keeping with what the reader has been trained to want A. Mary is punished by Anne marrying above her B. Mutual punishment of Mr Elliot and Mrs Clay being together C. Sir Walter and Elizabeth punished by losing Mrs Clay and must flatter the Viscountess with nothing in return D. Louisa and Benwick both foolish fall in love due to Romantic poetry ENGL 231: British Authors > 1800: Week 1 I am a human, and I make mistakes. These chapter summaries (as well as those on SparkNotes, CliffNotes, Chapter 1 as a baronet. The only book that he reads is the Baronetage. The Baronetage generally sits in his study with the page opened to his name; he has written in more details of his family onto this page. This page now includes the following: This is all extremely important to Sir Walter. people of “high blood” more than those of lesser blood. She desires to marry someone of high blood in order to keep her and her father happy with his bloodline. Anne, the middle daughter, is somewhat disregarded by both Sir Walter and Elizabeth. She has lost her beauty quite young, but has a nice heart and elegant mind. She is the favorite of Lady Russell, an old family friend of Sir Walter and his late wife. Mary, the youngest daughter, married Charles Musgrove, who is rich, but not of high blood. Mary and her husband live three miles away, in a house known as Uppercross Cottage. bloodline one of “high society.” The cousin, however, did not seem to care for her at all. He married a rich girl of “low blood” instead. This girl of low blood has recently died, which makes him once again available, but Elizabeth cannot forgive him for snubbing his own family and marrying someone else. the finances. Since the time of her death, Sir Walter has consistently overspent his budget. Now, he and Elizabeth must cut from their budget without hurting their aristocratic reputation. Sir Walter has mortgaged 1 2 A baronet/baronetess is one rank below a baron and one rank above a knight. 3 Class is a main theme of this book, and many of the characters often determine relationships with others based on the class of the possible friend or lover. ENGL 231: British Authors > 1800: Week 1 4 some of his land but refuses to sell any of it; he wants to pass along all of the Kellynch estate to his heir. They find budgetslashing impossible because they are accustomed to a certain status of living. They seek the help of a few family friends, Lady Russell and Mr. Shepherd. At the end of the chapter, Elizabeth and Sir Walter tell them of their financial situation. Chapter 2 Mr. Shepherd wants nothing to do with this, so he turns the task immediately over to Lady Russell. Lady Russell consults Anne for the budget cuts, and Anne just goes to town. (If you’ve seen Parks and Rec, she pulls a Season Three Ben Wyatt, slashing two horses here, one carriage here, etc.) She comes up with a plan that would leave her family debtfree in about seven years. Of course, when this plan is presented, Sir Walter Elliot is mortified at the idea of losing his accustomed way of life. Sir Walter suggests leaving Kellynch as a joke, but soon, it becomes a reality in order to save money. He must choose whether or not to settle nearby, in Bath, or in London. He decides, with the help of Lady Russell and Mr. Shepherd, to go to Bath. Anne does not want to go to Bath, but the decision is made regardless of what she wants. (Remember, she is pretty much disregarded by Sir Walter and Elizabeth.) Lady Russell was happy with this decision for three reasons: one, Sir Walter Elliot would be able to be of importance there without spending as much money; two, Lady Russell goes to visit Bath in the winter months; and three, this would keep Elizabeth away from Mrs. Clay, the daughter of Mr. Shepherd. Lady Russell does not think Mrs. Clay is good company for Elizabeth. Chapter 3 Mr. Shepherd starts speaking very positively of sailors in the Navy, pretty much out of nowhere. (I wonder why.) Sir Walter, at first, has negative feelings towards Navy men for two reasons: one, the Navy grants people of “low blood” distinction, and two, it causes men to age grotesquely. Remember, he only cares about his looks and his status, and the Navy seemingly lowers his importance by raising others. Also, it makes people look older, which is the worst thing that he can imagine. Finally, Mr. Shepherd is able to talk Navy men up enough (they work hard, they’re respectable, they’re very tidy, etc.) to bring a man by the name of Admiral Croft i nto the conversation. Admiral Croft is a Navy man who wants to let the Kellynch estate with his wife, Mrs. Croft. Sir Walter finally agrees to this because, as an admiral, Croft is of some importance and would not make a baronet look bad as a tenant. Chapter 4 Anne had fallen in love with a Captain Frederick Wentworth eight years prior, at nineteen. He had no fortune or status but promised wealth to her once he obtained his own ship. Lady Russell strongly advised against this relationship for Anne’s sake. However, since that time, the captain had grown a fortune, just like he said that he would. Although she has not heard of him for a while, Anne believes that he is still single. It turns out that the captain’s sister is married to Admiral Croft. Very few people knew of this previous relationship between Anne and the captain; only three that Anne knows of in her own household: ● Lady Russell, who will remain at Kellynch estate but will keep quiet about it, ● Sir Walter, who is too concerned about himself and his move to Bath to embarrass Anne by bringing it up, and 4 Kellynch Hall is Sir Walter Elliot’s home. This estate has been passed down in his family for generations. ENGL 231: British Authors > 1800: Week 1 ● Elizabeth, who is of the same prerogative as Sir Walter. Because of this, Anne feels that Admiral Croft will be able to move in without too much awkwardness. Chapter 5 The moving day arrives. Sir Walter and Elizabeth head off to Bath, and they bring along Mrs. Clay, which annoys Lady Russell. Elizabeth says openly that Anne does not need to come along because she would be of no help in Bath, yet she brings along Mrs. Clay. Anne and Lady Russell acknowledge this act for what it is: very rude. Mrs. Clay is not very pretty, but has an agreeable temperament. Anne warns Elizabeth that their father may try to pursue her. Elizabeth doesn’t think that this warning is warranted, but Anne feels better knowing that she said something before they left for Bath. Anne was planning to stay at Kellynch for a while longer, but Mary calls for Anne at Uppercross Cottage on account of illness. Really, Mary is just lonely, and after Anne listens to a few hours of Mary’s annoying pity party, Mary feels well enough to take a stroll. They walk up to the Great House and meet Mr and Mrs Musgrove, as well as their two daughters, Henrietta and Louisa Musgrove. The Musgroves are old family friends of the Elliots. The parents are jolly and uneducated. The daughters have been to school at Exeter and are now elegant, beautiful, and merry. Anne is jealous of the daughters’ closeness, but desires nothing else about their lives. The chapter ends with Mary inviting Henrietta and Louisa to go on a walk with her and Anne. Chapter 6 Anne is excited to be at Uppercross and gets along with most everyone. Mary and Mrs Musgrove often tell Anne, individually, about their troubles with one another. Anne has to try and soothe both parties as best as she can. Anne could play the piano very well, but nobody really cared because Mr and Mrs Musgrove were partial to their own children’s playing. The Crofts arrive at Kellynch, and Mary visits them. They come for a visit at Uppercross in return. Anne was surprised to find out that Mrs. Croft knew that Anne had been “acquainted” with her brother. Anne also found out that Captain Frederick Wentworth would be coming for a visit. Chapter 7 Everyone was going to visit Captain Wentworth, but Anne did not want to see him again. One of Mary’s children fell, dislocated his collarbone, and severely damaged his back. Mary was going to stay with the children, and Anne hurriedly volunteered to stay with her. After hearing Mary whine about how she would have been as much help as her husband in this situation, Anne suggested that Mary go along with him and let Anne watch over the child. Mary agreed, and went with Charles. They came back after having a wonderful time. Everyone loves Frederick Wentworth. He was going shooting with Charles in the morning, which meant that he was going to stop by Uppercross Cottage. Anne just wanted the meeting to be over before it began. Their meeting was brief. Anne halfmet his eye, and they did not speak to each other. She realized that she was still very much in love with him, and disliked herself for it. He, on the other hand, had told Mary that she seemed “altered beyond his knowledge.” He had not found another woman who met her standards, but he disliked her because she had deserted him, which showed a feebleness of character that he couldn’t stand for. He let his sister know that he was on the market for a wife. ENGL 231: British Authors > 1800: Week 1 Chapter 8 Anne and Captain Wentworth are now in the same circles. Anne misses his old presence in her life. One night, there is some conversation about Wentworth’s history as a sailor. His point of view about women on ships is horrendous, and Mrs Croft calls him out. He believes that women can never be comfortable on ships. He feels bad when he has to have a woman on board, and he tries his best to avoid this. Mrs Croft refutes him, saying that she has spent most of her life on a ship and that he will change his opinion when he gets married and wants his wife on board. The evening ends in a party. Anne plays the piano and thinks about how sad she is about Wentworth. He only speaks to her a few times, and she reflects that his minimal presence in her life is worse than when he was gone and there was nothing at all. Chapter 9 Captain Wentworth stays at Kellynch for much longer than he anticipated because everyone is so nice to him. He goes to Uppercross all the time for the same reason; however, Charles Hayter, in whom Henrietta had previously been interested, did not necessarily like Captain Wentworth because Wentworth essentially stole Henrietta’s interests. Charles and Mary couldn’t agree on which sister, Henrietta or Louisa, Captain Wentworth favored more. Charles thought it was Louisa because he wanted Henrietta to end up with Charles Hayter. Mary thought it was Henrietta because she didn’t necessarily like Charles Hayter and thought Captain Wentworth would be a better match for her. Of course, they told all this to Anne, who really didn’t care. She made as many excuses as possible to stay out of Captain Wentworth’s company. Charles Hayter was offended by the way that Henrietta now treated him since the arrival of Captain Wentworth. (She basically ignored Charles Hayter.) The only reason Charles Hayter stayed at Uppercross and endured this treatment was that he was now working with Dr. Shirley the rector, and Uppercross was six miles closer to his place of work. One day, Captain Wentworth strolled into Uppercross Cottage and found himself alone with Anne. This startled both of them. They exchanged a few words and, after, remained in one another’s company in silence until Charles Hayter arrived. Soon, Mary’s second son, Walter, came and started bothering and climbing on Anne as she was trying to care for the eldest, who was still feeling ill. She told him to knock it off, Charles Hayter told him to knock it off, but Walter was set on being annoying and stubborn. Finally, Captain Wentworth came, picked him up, and carried him away. This action of kindness rattles her to her core. Once Mary and the Miss Musgroves showed up, Anne needed to go off and get a grip on her emotions before she could handle what was going on around her. The process of getting a grip took her quite some time. Chapter 10 Anne feels as though Captain Wentworth is just messing with Henrietta and Louisa, and doesn’t really love either of them. Charles Hayter stops coming to Uppercross because Henrietta obviously likes Captain Wentworth more than him. When Henrietta and Louisa show up at Uppercross Cottage and mention that they are going for a walk, Mary insists on going with them. Anne thinks this all of the courtesies and pleasantries are pretty dumb. Captain Wentworth and Charles Musgrove arrive, and soon, all of them are going for the walk. Louisa and Captain Wentworth flirt throughout the walk while Anne tries to stay out of the way. After walking for quite a while, they make it to the house of the Hayters. Mary wants to start home, but Charles insists on saying hello to his family, and Charles and Henrietta go up to the house. The rest wander the grounds. Anne ENGL 231: British Authors > 1800: Week 1 accidentally overhears Louisa and Captain Wentworth talking about the “firmness of character,” and she feels super uncomfortable during this whole conversation. Charles Hayter joins the group and walks with Henrietta. On their way home, they see the Crofts coming back from their ride in a carriage. Captain Wentworth places Anne in the carriage with them because he can see that she is tired, and Anne is taken aback by this very kind gesture. Chapter 11 Anne wants to go stay with Lady Russell near Kellynch for a change of scenery. Captain Wentworth comes back to Uppercross after visiting his friends, Captain Harville and Mrs. Harville, in Lyme. After telling the Musgroves all about it, they are convinced that they should go visit, too. Soon, Charles, Mary, Anne, Henrietta, Louisa, and Captain Wentworth are on their way to Lyme. It turns out that Captain Harville and Mrs. Harville are friends of Wentworth from the Navy, and Captain Benwick is staying with them. Captain Benwick lost his fiance, Fanny Harville, who was Captain Harville’s sister. He has turned to Romantic poetry to try and soothe his aching heart. Once he finds out that Anne also knows Romantic poetry, he begins to open up to her and passionately discusses poetry with her. She recommends that he read some prose, as well as poetry, and feels that she has helped him. Chapter 12 Everyone leaves to go for a walk by the seashore before breakfast the next day. While they are heading to the beach, Anne notices a man looking at her, and she can tell that he thinks she is attractive. Captain Wentworth sees this and realizes that he thinks she’s rather attractive as well. After the walk, they go to an inn to have breakfast, and they find out that he is a guest there. They find out from the innkeepers that his name is Mr Elliot, and Mary guesses that it must be their cousin, the heir to their family. Anne reminds Mary, who wishes that they would have met him before he left, that Mr Elliot is not on good terms with the family, and so the meeting probably would have been a bad idea. They all go for another walk. When they come to a set of stairs, Louisa starts to jump down them. She has so much fun the first time that she decides to do it again, and as she goes to do it again, she trips, falls, and gets knocked out. Anne sends Captain Benwick for a doctor and tells Captain Wentworth to carry her back to the inn. The Harvilles have Louisa brought to their house, and the doctor comes and tells everyone that she has a severe head injury but will probably recover. The Harvilles tell Henrietta that Louisa can stay as long as she needs to get better, and Captain Wentworth, Henrietta, and Anne head back home after Mary refuses to go. Captain Wentworth tells the Musgroves what happened to Louisa, drops Anne off, and heads back to Lyme. Chapter 13 Louisa slowly starts to improve. Anne goes to stay with Lady Russell, and the Musgroves go to Lyme to visit Louisa and help Mrs Harville care for her. Anne has a bit of culture shock when she gets back with Lady Russell because all of the things that she used to find important before going to Uppercross hadn’t been on her mind since she arrived there. Lady Russell and Anne go to visit Kellynch, and Anne finds it hard to see someone else living there. Admiral Croft tells Anne that she can look about the house if she pleases, which she gratefully declines. He mentions some small changes he has made, such as removing all of the mirrors that Sir Walter Elliot had put up. When the Crofts mention that they will be going to the country and then to Bath, Anne is glad that she won’t have to worry about seeing Captain Wentworth because they won’t be around for him to visit. ENGL 231: British Authors > 1800: Week 1 Chapter 14 Charles and Mary visit Anne and Lady Russell to tell them that Louisa can sit up now, even though she is still pretty weak. Charles says that Captain Benwick seems to be interested in Anne, but Mary says that Captain Benwick isn’t interested in Anne or good enough for her. Lady Russell wants to meet him in order to form her own opinions, but when he doesn’t come to visit Anne, Lady Russell decides that he must not be worth it, after all. The Musgroves return with the children of the Harvilles in order to take care of their younger children. Their house is now very loud and boisterous. They expect Louisa to be home soon since she is recovering much quicker now. Anne is supposed to be heading to Bath soon, and she really doesn’t want to. Elizabeth writes and tells Anne that Mr Elliot is also in Bath and that he has been forgiven by their father. Anne and Lady Russell head for Bath, now excited to see Mr Elliot. Chapter 15 Anne arrives in Bath, happy to see that Elizabeth and Sir Walter are contentedly living in a part of Bath called Camden Place. They show her around the house, ignoring her stories of Uppercross and Lyme. Elizabeth says that Mr Elliot has been visiting them often; he is in mourning because his wife died six months ago. They start talking about appearance, and Sir Walter starts to complain that Bath is full of plainlooking women. Mr Elliot shows up and still finds Anne attractive. They recognize each other from meeting in Lyme, and he keeps trying to talk to her throughout his visit until he leaves about an hour later. Chapter 16 Mrs. Clay says that they will no longer need her presence since Anne arrives, so she will leave Bath. Elizabeth and Sir Walter both tell her not to leave, and this worries Anne because she doesn’t want her father falling for Mrs. Clay. Elizabeth doesn’t worry about this at all, and Lady Russell is puzzled over why Mrs. Clay is better than Anne in Elizabeth and Sir Walter’s eyes. Lady Russell likes Mr Elliot, but Anne thinks that he is only being nice so that he can marry Elizabeth. Camden Place finds out that Sir Walter’s distant cousin, Viscountess Dalrymple, and her daughter, Miss Carteret, are in Bath. They are estranged relatives because when the Viscountess’ husband died, they did not send the proper condolences. Elizabeth and Sir Walter are giddy about this, and Sir Walter writes them a letter apologizing for the estrangement, much to Anne’s chagrin. Mr Elliot agrees with Sir Walter and Elizabeth on this subject, and he also tells Anne that he’s worried about Sir Walter’s attachment to Mrs. Clay. Chapter 17 Mrs. Smith, one of Anne’s old friends, is also in Bath, and Anne goes to visit her. Mrs. Smith’s late husband had been rich, but he overspent and then died, leaving her in a lot of debt. She also got rheumatism and cannot walk, so is excluded from society. When Anne visits, she is glad to find that Mrs. Smith is still cheery, even after all of the terrible things that happened to her. Anne promises to visit Mrs. Smith often. Sir Walter finds out that Anne has been visiting a poor neighborhood and is shocked and embarrassed. ENGL 231: British Authors > 1800: Week 1 At one of the Viscountess’ dinner parties, Lady Russell decides after talking to Mr Elliot that he intends to marry Anne instead of Elizabeth. This makes her happy, as it would mean that Anne would get Kellynch Hall, since Mr Elliot will inherit it; however, she is still suspicious of Mr Elliot’s character. Chapter 18 Mary writes Anne a letter saying that the Crofts have come to Bath and that Louisa and Captain Benwick got engaged. Anne is pleased by this because Louisa will be good for Captain Benwick and because Captain Wentworth is available again. One day, Anne sees Admiral Croft while on a walk, and they discuss Louisa and Captain Benwick. Admiral Croft tells Anne that Captain Wentworth didn’t seem to upset by the news, and he suggested that Captain Wentworth come to Bath to see all of the young, available women. Chapter 19 The next day, Anne is on a walk with Elizabeth, Mrs. Clay, and Mr Elliot. They stop in a store as it begins to rain, and Anne sees Captain Wentworth! Anne and Captain Wentworth are shocked to see each other and begin to talk about the Musgroves. Elizabeth doesn’t acknowledge his presence. Viscountess Dalrymple takes Mrs Clay and Elizabeth home, leaving Anne to walk with Mr Elliot, who takes her out of the store. Captain Wentworth is now under the suspicion that something is going on between Anne and Mr Elliot. The morning after that, Anne and Lady Russell are on a walk and see Captain Wentworth on the other side of the street. Lady Russell doesn’t mention him at all. There is a concert coming up for one of Viscountess Dalrymple’s friends, and this is the only social event so far that Anne is excited about because Captain Wentworth will be there. When she mentions this to Mrs. Smith, Mrs. Smith says that Anne will probably not visit very much anymore. Chapter 20 At the concert, the Elliots see Captain Wentworth, who stops to talk with Anne. He expresses doubts about Louisa and Captain Benwick’s marriage. Anne is glad that they are talking, but sits next to Mr Elliot during the concert, who asks her to translate the Italian on the program. He overcompliments her and implies that he wants to marry her by stating that he hopes her name never changes. All Anne really wants is to talk to Captain Wentworth, so during intermission, she moves closer to him. Mr Elliot still bothers her about the Italian, so she goes back to sitting near him. Then, Captain Wentworth comes up, wishes her a good night, and tells her that he is leaving. Anne realizes that he must be jealous of Mr Elliot. Chapter 21 Anne goes to visit Mrs. Smith to tell her about the concert. Mrs. Smith thinks Anne is in love with Mr Elliot. Anne then tells her that she isn’t interested in him, and then Mrs. Smith tell Anne all about how she knows Mr Elliot. He was a good friend of her husband, and they had often helped Mr Elliot when he was in financial trouble. Mr Elliot was the one who convinced Mr Smith to continue to drive them into debt. Mrs. Smith says that all Mr Elliot cares about is money and shows Anne a letter where Mr Elliot says he will destroy Kellynch for money. Mr Elliot was also the executor of Mr Smith’s will, but refused to act, which left Mrs. Smith in debt. Now, the servants say that Mr Elliot just wants to become baronet and is worried about Sir Walter remarrying because if Sir Walter has a son, that son will be the heir instead of Mr Elliot. Mr Elliot came to Bath just to keep Mrs. Clay away from Sir Walter. He wishes that he can write into Anne’s marriage ENGL 231: British Authors > 1800: Week 1 contract that Sir Walter cannot remarry. Of course, all of this news upsets Anne, and she decides to tell Lady Russell everything that she has found out. Chapter 22 Later, Mr Elliot continues to flatter Anne, who no longer cares about him at all. He decides to leave Bath for a few days. The next day, Charles and Mary Musgrove visit, and Mary says that Mrs. Musgrove, Henrietta, Mary, Charles, and Captain Harville have all come to Bath so that Henrietta can shop for wedding clothes; she is marrying Charles Hayter. Anne visits the Musgroves, and while she is there, Anne and Mary see Mr Elliot and Mrs. Clay talking on the street. Charles Musgrove gets tickets to a play the night after tonight, but Mary wants to go meet the Viscountess and Mr Elliot at a party that Sir Walter is throwing the same evening. They finally decide to go to the party after arguing about it for quite some time. Chapter 23 The day of the party, Anne, Mrs Croft, Captain Harville, Captain Wentworth, and Mary and Charles Musgrove spend the day together. As Captain Wentworth writes a letter, Anne and Captain Harville discuss which gender is more constant in love. Anne says in this argument that a man loves when a woman is present, but a woman loves when a man is gone. This is her way of saying that she loved Wentworth even when he went away, and this puts her fate into her own hands. When Anne argues that women are more faithful than men, Captain Wentworth’s pen drops. Apparently, he has been listening in and hanging onto her every word. He slips the note to Anne, in which he confesses in love for her. Anne is overwhelmed, and leaves with Charles for a walk. On the way home, they see Captain Wentworth, and Charles suggests that Captain Wentworth take her the rest of the way. Once they are alone, Anne confesses her love for Captain Wentworth. They are blissfully in love, and Captain Wentworth explains his past actions. He only flirted with Louisa but never meant to marry her, and he was indeed very jealous at the concert. Later, at the party, Anne explains that Lady Russell was the one who told her not to marry him, but even though it put them apart for long, she believes that she did the right thing. Captain Wentworth blames himself for taking eight years to come back to her. Chapter 24 Anne and Captain Wentworth announce their engagement, and Sir Walter and Elizabeth do not object since Captain Wentworth is rich. At first, Lady Russell disapproves, but she comes around. Mr Elliot runs off, and Mrs. Clay is rumored to have joined him. Captain Wentworth helps Mrs. Smith get some of her husband’s money back, and she and Anne remain close. Anne and Captain Wentworth live happily ever after.
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