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intro to World Geography - GR 1123 Week Five

by: Taylor Baker

intro to World Geography - GR 1123 Week Five 1123

Marketplace > Mississippi State University > Geography > 1123 > intro to World Geography GR 1123 Week Five
Taylor Baker

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End of Middle America and beginning of South America
Intro world geography
Class Notes
geography, world, GEOG, notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Taylor Baker on Sunday September 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1123 at Mississippi State University taught by Staff in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Intro world geography in Geography at Mississippi State University.


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Date Created: 09/18/16
Intro to World Geography Week 5: September 12-16, 2016 - Illegal Drug Smuggling - Cocaine, Heroin, and Marijuana - cocaine is usually from Colombia, Venezuela - most marijuana is grown in Mexico - biggest problem is Juarez, MX - across from El Paso, TX - authorities usually are bribed and involved - 3075 murders in Juarez (2011) - on average 8 people die each day - lots of kidnapping in Middle America - deforestation - 2/3 of Middle America had tropical rain forest before the Europeans arrived - only 10% of these areas remain today - Reasons: - industries desire tropical woods for $$$ - population increases and the need for land increases - Mexico - Desert in the North, Tropical mountains in the South - 77% of Mexico’s population is urban - North Mexico = more Wealthy (around or slightly above $10,000 USD a year) - South Mexico = less wealthy (less than $5,000 USD a year) - Guatemala - became independent from Mexico in 1838 - Largest population of any other Central American state (over 15 million) - Militarized government - Exports: minerals (nickel) from the mountains; oil is predominant in the lowlands - coffee is grown in the mountains - El Salvador - became independent from Spain in 1821 - 1980 civil war - many fled to US - democratic government - has added manufacturing job - poverty, crime, natural disasters - Exports: coffee, sugar, rice, shrimp, beef - Belize - AKA British Honduras - population is mostly African decent - commercial exports: seafood, clothing industry - Economy: tourism, Offshore banking - Honduras - Third poorest country after Haiti and Nicaragua - mostly agriculture producing - forestry, mining, bananas, coffee, shellfish - recently plagued with natural disasters - hurricanes - internal conflicts of power makes it unstable economically - trying to expand its tourism sector - Costa Rica - contains 7% of the worlds biodiversity - highest standards of living, literacy rate, and life expectancy of any Central American country - Agriculture and Tourism are huge - bananas, coffee, tropical fruit and seafood - also charter fishing is big - has lost 80% of its rainforests - laws have been passed to protect the remaining 20% - Panama - very mountainous - Panama Canal makes the country’s economy - hundreds of millions of dollars in tolls - 14,000 ships a year - Exports: sugarcane, rice, seafood, and bananas - Isthmus - land bridge - Republic of Cuba - largest Caribbean Island in size and population - 11.3 million people - mostly poor (still drive 1950s cars due to the embargo with US) - exports: tobacco, coffee, and rice - also, Cigars (for the US, at least) due to trade embargo - government: communist - Relationship with the US - Coup orchestrated by US military - placed Batista as President - Batista instilled relaxed regulations on business - US controlled much of the sugar production - operated as an oppressive dictatorship - organized crime big (casinos) - revolution… - Revolution in Cuba - independence from Spain after Spanish American War - was a “democracy” up to 1959 and government was very corrupt - revolutionaries led by Fidel Castro and Ernesto Che Guevara - under Communist rule since 1959 - Tensions with the US - US embarrassed by failure of Bay of Pigs - US liked Batista - Cuba and Russia get cosy - US did not want ICBMs 90 miles from US - trade embargo enacted in 1960 - Haiti - poorest country in the western hemisphere - very mountainous country - located on the Island of Hispaniola -shared with the Dominican Republic - French is the national language - Plagued with Natural Disasters - five tropical storms - 2010 earthquake - Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico - DR occupies most of Hispaniola (62% - Natural resources: nickel, gold, silver,sugar, tobacco, coffee - US took over PR from Spain - PR considers themselves their own “state” - PR is owned by the US with 4 million people - pay no taxes have their own constitution - Bahamas - former British Colony - 320,000 people (mostly African descent) - Consists of 3,000 islands - only 700 have vegetation, of which 30 contain people - not many resources but huge in tourism South America - contains 12 STATES - mountains in the west; amazon basin in the east - most of the continent lives in Brazil - most of the populace lives on the coast - contains the worlds highest waterfall, angel falls in Venezuela - SA is the 4th largest continent by landmass - more than 20% of earths oxygen is produced in SA rainforests - brazil has won more world cups than any other country - 51% of the SA population speaks Portuguese - rich and natural resources - physical geography: - longest continent from North to South - 4750 miles long - Chile is 90 miles wide but 2500 miles ling - Brazil is the fifth biggest country in the world - the size of SA allows it to have a wide variety of climates and vegetation - mostly tropical rainforests - Argentina is one of the most diverse with 5 different climate zones - physical regions - Andes mountains - the worlds longest mountain chain - 23000 ft. high; 4300 miles long - rocky mountains are only 3000 miles long - Amazon Basin - 2nd longest river in the world - mostly located in Brazil - Brazilian Highlands - comprises of several small mountain ranges - Pampas - the “great Plains” of SA, mostly in Argentina - Incan Empire - combination of several cultures - most were established by the year 1000 - predominately lived in areas called altiplanos - capitol: Cusco, Peru - Very advanced for the times - built huge buildings, roads, bridges in the mountains - practiced surgery, and were great at military strategists - terracing- taking mountain slopes an leveling them out to make stairs


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