Nutrition Notes APPH 1040 L
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sayali Punyarthi on Sunday September 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to APPH 1040 L at Georgia Institute of Technology - Main Campus taught by Dr. Snow in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views.
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Date Created: 09/18/16
Nutrition: Key Notes: Protein is used to develop and repair bone, muscle, skin and blood cells and is found as a nutrient through the food you consume. o Amino acids that contain nitrogen are the “building blocks” of proteins o Complete proteins are those that contain all nine essential amino acids. The RDA stands for the recommended average daily intake of a certain nutrient at a level considered healthy. o The recommended daily amount of fiber consumption for adults is 25 grams for women and 38 grams for men. Fiber protects against obesity, colon, rectal cancers, and heart disease. o About 50-70 percent of an adult’s body weight is water. Calcium mainly comes from milk, dairy products, and specific green vegetable and is needed for your body to maintain health. Vitamin D is fat-soluble but can also produce negative side effects if in excess. o A vitamin D deficiency can increase the risk for osteoporosis, breast and prostate cancer, and heart disease and stroke. o Fat-soluble vitamins are not good in large amounts because they cannot be excreted in urine and could build up in the liver. HDL is a cholesterol that transports cholesterol to the liver for removal. o The consumption of a lot of trans fatty acids could lead to a higher risk of coronary heart disease. o Triglycerides make up 95% of total body fat. The body converts glucose into energy. Antioxidants produce enzymes, a type of protein that can destroy free radicals. Healthful diets should not be calorie-dense because too much calories do not allow the body to function in a healthy manner. Functional foods are foods that provide more health benefits than those that just provide basic nutrition. o The best way to obtain all the nutrients necessary is to eat a variety of foods. MyPlate plan should not include full-fat dairy products due to their tendency to be unhealthy for the body. Appetite is defined as the psychological desire for food. o Portion is defined as the amount of food you consciously decide to eat at a certain time. o Empty calories are those that have no significant nutritional value. o Lacto-vegetarians only consume dairy products but no other animal products. Anemia is caused by the body inability to produce hemoglobin.
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