Journalism 413 The Times that try Men's Souls
Journalism 413 The Times that try Men's Souls 413
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rebel_Athlete on Sunday September 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 413 at University of Nevada - Las Vegas taught by Gregory Borchard in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see History of Journalism in JOUR at University of Nevada - Las Vegas.
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Date Created: 09/18/16
Monday, September 19, y Jour 413 The Times that Tried Men ’s Souls SUMMARY In this weeks lecture a bunch of revolutionary papers popped up when the colonies were going through issues with Britain. These papers include the South Carolina Gazette, Boston Gazette and the Pennsylvania Magazine. The stamp act of 1765 was hated by Americans and provoked the hanging effigy of Andrew Oliver. The Boston Massacre happened in 1770 and shortly after the revolution started. Thomas Paine is regarded as one of the most influential journalists of his time, writing about not only eradicating social and political problems in his country but for the world. He even got involved with the French Revolution as well as proposing women’s suffrage rights, being against animal cruelty, and basically the rights of every living being. Thomas Paine was truly ahead of his time when it came to discussing such issues. South Carolina Gazette 1738 Elizabeth Timothy The first female editor/publisher in America Was among one of the first female journalists Had contracts with Benjamin Franklin in Philadelphia Would become a woman who represented women’s suffrage Boston Gazette (1719-1775) The most important radical newspaper during this time. This newspaper was the leading paper of the Revolution. Back in the day the people’s auxiliary newsroom was the Green Dragon Tavern, where a lot of discussion was made about current issues either written from the newspaper or just from normal life. The contributors to this newspaper included big names like Samuel and John Adams, John Hancock and James Otis. They were also known as the Caucus Club. John Gill & Benjamin Edes John Gill was a printer in Boston Massachusetts and teamed up with Benjamin Edes to start the Boston Gazette Newspaper. The Stamp Act of 1765 The stamp act was highly contested against for the Americans during this period. The British were asking for taxes higher than they issue in their homeland which made 1 Monday, September 19, y people furious. The British would add a 10 pound fee if anyone wanted to go to the bar, purchase business papers and newspapers, and they also taxed legal documents with this price. So much protest ensued but nothing was being done about it at the moment. Andrew Oliver Was responsible for issuing and implementing the provisions of the Stamp Act. In protest the Son’s of Liberty along with other people with the cause hung Andrew Oliver in effigy at the Liberty Tree in Boston. An interesting fact is that Andrew Oliver was personally against the Stamp Act but proceeded to tell everyone that he was for it anyway. By 1766 parliament repeals the stamp act. The Boston Massacre 1770 On March 5th 1770 the Boston Massacre consisted of British regulars killing 5 colonists in the streets of Boston. Coverage of the Boston massacre was done by Samuel Adams and Paul Revere. As is popularly known this Massacre aided in starting the American Revolutionary War. Other fights like the Battle of Lexington and Concord, with the famous saying “Shot hear round the world” and Bunker Hill all lead to the famous war between England and America. The war lasted from 17751783 Pennsylvania Magazine Thomas Paine Thomas Paine was a Journalists who edited the Pennsylvania Magazine and wrote most of the content. He was one of the most influential journalists of his time because: He wrote about wanting to end slavery. Wrote about the emancipation of women. Wanted to abolish dueling. Wrote about preventing animal cruelty. Wanted equitable divorce laws. Protection of intellectual property. This guy was way ahead of his time. He wrote about issues that everyone found him to be crazy for. Overall everyone loved how radical he was when it came to writing. He looked at issues that not only in his country but in the world and wanted to eradicate them. 2 Monday, September 19, y He wrote a propaganda based paper called Common Sense in 1776 which was anonymously published. “These are the times that try men’s souls.” December 23, 1776, Thomas Paine ‘times’ is the subject of this sentence. The Declaration of the Rights of Man This is the French Declaration. In all of his writings pops up his three self evident truths. These include that men are born free and equal, men have natural rights of liberty, property, security and resistance of oppression and that the nation is the source of sovereignty. Thomas Paine also attacked King George lll even though most colonists didn’t initially support the Revolution. Valley Forge George Washington sits around a fire with his troops and makes all of them read Thomas Paine’s American Crisis on Christmas night and became motivated to fight the British. They crossed the Delaware river and surprised the British with guerrilla warfare and it is said that the revolution took its turn for the Americans to win. Excerpt from the Declaration of Independence “We hold these truths to be selfevident, that al men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.” FUN FACT: The founders originally wanted it to be the pursuit of property, but since back in that day people were property, Thomas Jefferson himself said that they can’t have that on the Declaration. Right after they decided on the word Happiness. 3