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Human Biology BIO 100 Week 3 Class Notes

by: snufkin

Human Biology BIO 100 Week 3 Class Notes Biol 100

Marketplace > San Francisco State University > Biology > Biol 100 > Human Biology BIO 100 Week 3 Class Notes
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About this Document

Week 3 lecture notes from BIO 100 (Human Biology course) going over the different types of macromolecules, and discussing how people get diabetes as well as the treatments for it.
Human Biology
Lynne Dowdy
Class Notes
Biology, HumanBiology, Macromolecules, Diabetes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by snufkin on Sunday September 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Biol 100 at San Francisco State University taught by Lynne Dowdy in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Human Biology in Biology at San Francisco State University.

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Date Created: 09/18/16
Biology Notes: Week 3    Organic Macromolecules:  ­organic= made of carbon (and hydrogen)    Carbohydrates:  ­makes quick energy, stores energy , building block    Monosaccharides  Ex. glucose (blood sugar), galactose, ribose, fructose    Disaccharides  Ex. sucrose (table sugar → glucose + fructose), lactose  ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­​(glucose + galactose)    Polysaccharides ​(complex carbohydrates)  Ex. starch (in plants to store glucose), glycogen (stores glucose  ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­​in animals in liver and muscles)  Dietary Fiber:  Ex. cellulose­ found in plants  ­humans are unable to digest fiber  ­fiber lowers risk of intestinal cancer  ­lowers cholesterol levels    High Blood Sugar:  ­detected by cells in the pancreas  ­β cells in the islets of langerhans release insulin, a hormone  ­it is released into the bloodstream  ­insulin receptors respond to the insulin in the liver, muscle, and  ­­­­­­­­­­­­­​ at      Low Blood Sugar:  ­detected by the pancreas  ­α cells produce glycogon  ­glucagon is released into the bloodstream    Diabetes Mellitus:  Symptoms:   ­Excessive urination  ­Excessive thirst  ­Unexplained weight loss  Type I Diabetes:  ­starts in childhood  ­pancreas does not make insulin  ­thought to be an autoimmune disease  Autoimmune disease­ when the immune system attacks itself    Long term problems:  ­kidney problems  ­retina damage, blindness  ­nerve damage  ­cardiovascular problems (poor circulation)  Treatment:  ­inject insulin into the bloodstream      Type II Diabetes:  ­usually starts in adults  ­insulin is still made, but receptors do not respond    Risk factors:  ­family history  ­sedentary lifestyle  ­poor diet  ­obesity    Treatment:  ­change lifestyle (lower risk factors)     


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