Hellenic Greece and Hellenistic Civilization
Hellenic Greece and Hellenistic Civilization HIST 1010
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Myrissa Webb on Sunday September 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1010 at Auburn University taught by Dr. Bohannan in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views.
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Date Created: 09/18/16
Hellenic Greece and Hellenistic Civilization Hellenic Greece. Drama. The Greeks were major league theatre fans. Tragedy and Comedy. Aeschylus was a trilogy of plays around a main character, Oresteia. The story is about Oresteia's dad going off to the Trojan war and his wife (mother of Orestia) took on a lover. When the dad comes back, the mom and lover plot and kill the father. Orestia and his sister are so mad they want revenge and plot to kill the mom. When they do he feels so guilty that he goes to Athena (Goddess of wisdom and war) and she absolves him of his guilt. Sophocles was another trilogy around a character named Oedipus. It is about Hubris (Excessive Arrogance). Hellenistic Civilization. This refers to the Greek after the empire of Alexander the Great. HE was a Macedonian. Macedon was in power under Philip II (father of Alexander the Great). He arranges to try to unify Macedonia. He unifies them by war. He ends up going South and captures them and then was murdered. He always dreamed of crossing the Aegean Sea to conquer Persia. So this is now Alexander's goal. In one decade he creates this mega empire and then dies. His son was an infant so his brother struggled to do it. Eventually his three commanders took over. They split it up into regions. Ptolemy took over Egypt. Seleucus took of Ifahian Plateau and Babylon. Antigonos took over Asia Minor and Macedonia. Civilization. It was very multi-cultural. They tried to spread Greek culture throughout. The language was universal (Greek). They built a lot of Greek buildings, especially libraries. Philosophy. Stoicism emerges from founder Zeno. It will be revived multiple times. He argues that one should except and endure all the tragedy's of life. Bad things happen in life to everyone. Just accept and endure with a s little emotion as possible. How do you get there? You get there by contemplating the rational order of the universe. Epicureanism. The modern day refers to it with food. Founder was Epicurus. He was inspired by Democritus. Democritus' theory was that the world was built of tiny little invisible particles that combine and recombine our universe. They combine and recombine in an order, rational, and predictable way. Like a machine. This is more detailed. A source of great happiness and pleasure. Its okay to enjoy little things (ex. Food, wine, and other pleasures). Skepticism. It will also be revived multiple times. Founder was Pyrrho he didn’t trust our knowledge. He doubted everything. Mathematics. Euclid emerged as a major force in mathematics. He had to do with geometry. Eratosthenes figured out how to measure the circumference of the earth. Anstarchus argued that the sun was the center of the universe. Archimedes calculated value of pi. He came close to creating calculus.
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