Lecture notes Sep 13 and 15
Lecture notes Sep 13 and 15 HIST 202
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katlyn Burkitt on Monday September 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 202 at Towson University taught by Gadotti in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views.
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Date Created: 09/19/16
Cities of the Ancient World Sep 13 and Sep 14 Brief review of previous class How did cities originate o Ceremonial Originated because of religion o Economic Originated through control of trade routes o Redistribution Cities originated as centers for the redistribution of goods throughout the surrounding areas How do the elites get power? o Economic Sources o Military Sources o Ideological Sources o Political Sources The first city developed in South Mesopotamian alluvium (type of soil created from centuries of rivers depositing soil and nutrients through flooding into the surrounding area) These cities developed in an area below 250mm of yearly rainfall which is the minimum to sustain rainfall agriculture, the way this problem was solved by the development of irrigation Uruk Period o Tell el Ouelli Culture (5500 BCE) The first settlement (Was not a city) in southern Mesopotamia o Tell Ubaid Culture (5900-4000BCE) First culture in Mesopotamia that is attested in both the north and the south The material culture from the end of the Ubaid period was found it parts of turkey, and south of Mesopotamia Temples from this era share similar characteristics Houses from this era share similar characteristics Believed to be egalitarian but some scholars suggest the presence of temples suggests the framework of social stratification Despite fired pottery appearing around 8millenial BCE the pottery wheel was developed during the end of this period Timeline o 10,000: Development of agriculture and animal husbandtry o 8,000: Pottery developed o 7,000: Irrigation o Slow movement of people to the south o 5500: First southern settlement o Emergence of temples o Intro of potter’s wheel o 4000: Uruk Warka/Uruk/Unug (All the same location but going by different names) o 5,000 BC to 2000 CE o Spanned an area of 70hectacres Cities of the Ancient World Sep 13 and Sep 14 o Demographic explosion during this time Explained by nomadic or semi nomadic people choosing to settle o City was made of two towns Uruuk and kullaba o There was max production of textiles, metals, pottery, and art We had a brainstorm here about the paper we had to write Discussion of the architecture of the temples o The Ianna district is preserved Patron dieties, An and Inana Multiple openings Cone decorations Plated fabric on the walls for decoration Emphasis on outside areas Technological changes associated with the Uruk period o Mass production of pottery o Stone vessles (Warka vase) o Increased use of metals o Wheel made pottery o Cylinder seals o Long fields with canals on the shorter end o Invention of the seed plow (pulled by animals) : Preps ground for planting and deposits seeds o Clay and flint sickles o Writing Reconstruction o Multiple economic niches o Technological innovations o Specialization of labor o Social stratification o A need for a central power o The emergence of cities
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