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Week 5 Monday Notes

by: Chandler Notetaker

Week 5 Monday Notes PSYCH 1101

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Chandler Notetaker

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About this Document

These notes are about perception, the theories behind it and the answers and experiments to those questions. The styudy guide will be up soon, a long with chapter notes
Introduction to Psychology
Pizarro, D
Class Notes
Psychology, perception
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Chandler Notetaker on Monday September 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 1101 at Cornell University taught by Pizarro, D in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychology at Cornell University.

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Date Created: 09/19/16
Week #5: Can We Trust Our Perception (Part 3)  ❖ Perception­ basic information that is taken in by the brain and presented to you  ❖ We Know that Perception is Limited  ➢ We do not perceive everything (overwhelming and fairly useless)  ➢ Our brain create shortcuts­ use surrounding info to give us a useful picture of our  environment can sometimes lead to   ➢  USeful for navigation of the world   ❖ Deeper problem: What if we do not perceive the world accurately because we only  perceive the things we want to see?  ➢ Desires and ideals could influence what you saw  ❖ Do People see the World Differently Because They Want to?  ➢ Lower Level: Basic identification and categorization (light photons hit your retina  and taking it in)  ➢ Higher levels­ Ideals that you have most control over (thoughts, ideals, desires,  aspects of our judgement)­ Fed into by the lower level processes   ➢ Can our beliefs, thoughts, and desires, emotional states actually change the way  that we perceive the world?  ■ Acquire information from the world and is presented to you consciously  ➢ Answer #1: Everyone has access to all of these lower level processes; Basic  Perception is “Protected” Against These Influences  ■ Lower level processes are modular­  ➢ Answer #2: No Even basic PErception is infused with our desires, thoughts,  beliefs, thoughts  ■ We build our beliefs based off what we know already/ have been  introduced to   ■ No such things as “pure perception”  ■ People actually perceive the same stimulus in a completely different  manner, depending on their values   ➢ Fodor, “Modularity and the Mind”­ RElativism: Knock humans off the idea of  universal truth through our basic senses   ❖ Well, Which is it? Do we all see the same color? Research on Linguistic Relativism  ➢ Linguistic relativism: the words in your language constrains your thoughts at a  basic level (Sapir­Whorf hypothesis)  ➢ Answer: Because these words are only things that they have in their vocabularies,  everyone can not see the same colors because distinguishing color would be  completely different  ❖ What Do we Know?   ➢ Linguistic color categories shape a great deal pf color cognition  ➢ Memory, learning, discrimination  ➢ Appears to be clear and basic universals in perception  ➢ Infants and individuals from cultures with only terms for light and dark, and able  to tell the difference between focal colors   ❖ Resolving ambiguity: Personality and PErception  ➢ Berge and Touch (1994)  ■ Separate inmates into 2 basic groups that naturally defer on their desires  and wants   ➢ Binocular Rivalry Slides   ■ (GO through slides: Opposite of each other given to each eye, ad v good)  ■ Results: Actual inmates want to see the dirty slides, neurotics does not  want to see what is bad  ➢ Bruner and Goodman (1846): Because poor children view a quarter more than  rich kid, they would like the qu  ■ Research shows people can show the basic facts if sensory perception   


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