New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Psychology 2300 week 4

by: Regan Notetaker

Psychology 2300 week 4 PSY 2300

Regan Notetaker

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

these notes cover the lecture on 9/15
Developmental Psychology
Dr. Seth Marshall
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Developmental Psychology

Popular in Psychology

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Regan Notetaker on Monday September 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 2300 at Middle Tennessee State University taught by Dr. Seth Marshall in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Developmental Psychology in Psychology at Middle Tennessee State University.


Reviews for Psychology 2300 week 4


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/19/16
Developmental Psychology with Dr. Marshall week 4 Lecture notes 9/15/16 Child Development Historically, children had the role of little adults. They worked (child labor still exists in some parts of the world) Medieval children viewed as “talented pets” no special love/treatment Different laws for children is a modern notion (no juve), severe beatings for discipline, rooted in religion Birth of child meant future laborer to help financially secure the family 1900- 200 million children working Compulsory education (Massachusetts first state to enact law in 1852, Mississippi last state to enact law in 1918) Physical Childhood Development 1. Kids are getting bigger (childhood obesity) due to overnutrition 2. Why? Technology (screen time), food choices (easier access to fast food), socio-econ status (less nutritious, high fat foods are less money i.e. cheeseburger is $2, salad is $7) 3. Children in the south have higher obesity rates 4. Correlations with entertainment media: kids do worse in school, get less sleep, higher risk of obesity, higher risk of illicit risky behavior TV best practices: limit screen time, media location (don’t put the tv in the kid’s room), monitor (time chart and limit) Premack principle: do less desirable task first.. do homework before going out or watching tv Watch tv together and discuss Prosocial Modeling: have children watch things with good messages and set good examples Motor Skills Age 2: picks up small objects, walks unassisted Age 4: cutes paper, walks down stairs, approximates circle, catches a ball Age 5: writes name, throws a ball Age 6: copies words, hops on 1 foot, catches and controls a smaller ball Researchers reported 40% of young children are unprepared when it comes to the demands of kindergarten classrooms. Early childhood education readiness skills have more to do with social interaction then reading, writing, arithmetic. Potty Training: Behaviorism. Psychologists advocate for positive reinforcement over punishment Behaviorism: applied behavioral analysis (B.F. Skinner) ABC’s: Antecedents, Behaviors, Consequences Basic Operant Conditioning Principles  Reinforcer must reinforce immediately, the more you wait the less meaningful the reinforcement is Behavior Modification Steps 1. Identify problem behavior 2. Select target behavior to replace problem behavior Target behaviors: break the task down into smaller behaviors (signaling when they need to urinate, pulling down pants, sitting down, flushing, pulling up pants, etc.) Learning by teaching: helping a child understand the target behaviors Have child undress and put a doll on the toilet to help them understand the tasks. Building a greater more complex understanding of the task. Guide and Cue along the way Positive reinforcement selection: Social reinforcement (praise hug clapping etc) Concrete reinforcement (candy, food, toys, etc.) Bribing vs. Positive Reinforcement: bribing is kid receives reward before completing the task, positive reinforcement- kid receives reward AFTER completing task Childhood Cognitive Development Jean Piaget: children are not miniature adults, they think and behave differently Preoperational Stage: early childhood to the early elementary years (ages 2-7) Piaget’s Development Theory Schemes/ schemas: a mental representation: how you mentally picture a cat (everyone pictures a cat differently like different colors, but have the same features) Kid may mistake a skunk for a cat because they have less advanced schemas than adults, but this is normal because cats and skunks have many similar features, eventually the child will delineate the two. Assimilation: fitting new info into pre-existing mental schemas Accommodation: people create new schemas or adjust old ones Examples: Child learns horse schema, mistakes zebra for horse, adjusts existing schema and creates new category for zebra, child can now distinguish between horse and zebra Disequilibrium: kid with military dad associates uniform with dad, runs up to uniform man that is not dad and hugs him, looks at face, kid is in a state of disequilibrium until realizing that other men where same uniform as their dad, then return to equilibration Use assimilation before accommodation: trying to put a key into a push start car, push start the car is accommodation new knowledge Symbolic functioning: ability to mentally represent the world symbols. Pretend play: using dolls to represent real world situations giving dolls names, personalities, and preferences Children personify objects (animism) the sky is sad because its raining Think of castaway: tom hanks personifying Wilson the volleyball Centration: the tendency to focus on one aspect of a situation and neglect others Appearance reality distinction: children pay attention to direct appearance more than hidden dimensions in the background


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.