SOCI 3310 Criminology Chapter 1 Vocab
SOCI 3310 Criminology Chapter 1 Vocab SOCI 3310
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Haley Bullock on Monday September 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 3310 at East Tennessee State University taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Criminology in Sociology at East Tennessee State University.
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Date Created: 09/19/16
SOCI 3310904 Criminology Ch. 1 Terms Key Terms actus reus: the actual criminal act of which a defendant is accused. common law: the system of law originating in medieval England and emphasizing court decisions and customs. conflict: as used in sociology and criminology, refers to a theory that assumes that people disagree on norms and act with selfinterest because of their disparate socioeconomic positions. consensus: as used in sociology and criminology, refers to a theory that people agree on norms despite their disparate socioeconomic positions. crime: behavior that is considered so harmful that it is banned by a criminal law. criminal intent: having the desire to commit a crime. criminogenic: crime causing. criminology: the study of the making of laws, the breaking of laws, and society's reaction to the breaking of laws. customs: norms that are unwritten and informal. debunking motif: part of the sociological perspective; refers to the challenge sociology poses to conventional understandings of social institutions and social reality. dependent variable: an attitude or behavior that changes because of the influence of an independent variable. deviance: behavior that violates accepted norms and arouses negative social reactions. duress: threats or coercion on another to commit a crime. felony: a serious criminal offense punishable by a prison term of more than 1 year. generalize: to apply knowledge of particular cases to other, similar cases. independent variable: a sociodemographic characteristic or other trait that influences changes in a dependent variable. laws: written, formal norms. longitudinal studies: research in which the same people are studied over time. mala in se: behaviors that are wrong in and of themselves. mala prohibita: behaviors that are wrong only because they are prohibited by law. mens rea: a guilty mind; refers to an individual having criminal intent. misdemeanor: a relatively minor criminal offense punishable by less than 1 year in prison. norms: standards of behavior. private troubles: individual problems that many people have that they think stem from their own failings or particular circumstances. public issues: social problems resulting from structural and other problems in the social environment. selfdefense: violent or other actions committed to protect oneself or others. social control: society's restraint of normviolating behavior. social inequality: the differential distribution of wealth, power, and other things of value in a given society. social structure: the pattern of social interaction and social relationships in a group or society; horizontal social structure refers to the social and physical characteristics of communities and the networks of social relationships to which an individual belongs, and vertical social structure refers to social inequality. sociological criminology: the sociological understanding of crime and criminal justice, stressing the importance of social structure and social inequality. sociological imagination: the ability to attribute private troubles to problems in the larger social structure. sociological perspective: the belief that social backgrounds influence individuals' attitudes and behaviors. survey: questionnaire administered to a set of respondents.
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