MUS 165 week 4 notes
MUS 165 week 4 notes MUS 165
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Matthew Michael on Monday September 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUS 165 at University of Southern Mississippi taught by Galit Kaunitz in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see The Enjoyment of Music in Music at University of Southern Mississippi.
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Date Created: 09/19/16
Matthew Michael MUS 165 Dr. Kaunitz Melody What Makes a good Melody? - “Not sure.” -Aaron Copland - while we cant define a good melody, we can make generalizations about melodies we know to be good, and that helps. Proportions are Important - Agood melody gives a sense of “completion and inevitability.” - Generally long and flowing, with high points and low points, with a climactic moment near the end. Melody as a sentence. - Natural pausing and stopping points - Function like commas and periods in music. • Incomplete and Complete Cadences Melodies are scales - Ascale is a predictable series of whole and half steps - An octave decides into twelve notes - Atypical scale involves level of those notes Consonance vs. Dissonance - Consonance: Pleasant - Dissonance: not https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zAxT0mRGuoY ^ Beethoven Key - Refers to the central most important pitch of a piece of music - If a piece is in D major, it will revolve around d. It may temporarily revolve around another note but it always comes back to D. Modulation - Occurs when music shifts key centers. (Key change). Often happens around Golden Mean. - A+ B is to a as a is to b. (always be my baby) Grouping - Your brain organizes the elements of music into phrases, movements, and whole pieces that can be understood as one unified thing, or analyzed layer by layer. - The separate elements work together to serve the musical whole. Matthew Michael Dr. Kaunitz MUS 165 https://open.spotify.com/user/126463257 Dr. Kaunitz’s Spotify. We listened to a lot of music today. WeIm yellingdown Timbre Instruments’families - Strings • Violin • viola • cello • double bass • banjo • guitar • mandolin • harp - Brass • Trumpet • trombone • horn • baritone • euphonium, • tuba - Woodwinds • Flute • piccolo oboe • • english horn • bassoon • contrabassoon • clarinet • bass clarinet - Percussion • Celesta • drums • piano • harpsichord • cymbals • triangle Voice - Soprano - highest voice - Alto - low female - Tenor - high male - Bass - lowest voice Matthew Michael Dr. Kaunitz MUS 165 Harmony Harmony - Harmony began in 9th century. Before then, only one note at a time. - At first, the Catholic church allowed only perfect intervals (4th, 5th, octave) - Later 3rds and 6ths allowed. Chords - Three notes played at the same time. Tonic - Home chord - Built on the first note of the scale Dominant - Leads to Tonic - Built on the fifth or seventh notes of scale. Mood - Harmony is the element with the greatest impact on mood - Major = ???? - Minor = ???? Evolution Through Time - Music has become way too complex - New innovations come through when normal sounds boring. Alternatives to Tradition - Impressionism: Claude Debussy - Avoided tonality through using pentatonic and whole tone scales Arnold Schoenburg - Atonality: Greatest innovation of the 20th century - Expressionist style - Each of the 12 notes of a scale is equally important. - No gravitational pull between notes. Polytonality - Two or more keys played at once - Charles Ives - Outside the box thinker Summary - Debussy and Schoenberg searched for alternatives to express something new. - Debussy - Pentatonic, Impressionism - Schoenberg -Atonality, Expressionism