Sociology 101, Week 4 Notes
Sociology 101, Week 4 Notes soci101002
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Susana Gomez on Monday September 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to soci101002 at Towson University taught by Jason Freeman in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see introduction to sociology in Sociology at Towson University.
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Date Created: 09/19/16
Sociological Theory Structuralfunctional approach: a framework building theory that sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability Social structure: any relatively stable pattern of social behavior Social functio : the consequences of a social pattern for the operation of society as a whole Manifest functions: the recognized and intended consequences of any social pattern Latent functions: the unrecognized and unintended consequences of any social pattern Social dysfunctio : any social pattern that may disrupt the operation of society Globalization of the economy, a rising flow of immigrants, and increasing inequality of income are all factors that disrupt existing social patterns Social conflict approa : a framework for building theory that sees society as an arena of inequality that generates conflict and change Genderconflict theory: the study of society that focuses on inequality and conflict between women and men (feminism) Harriet Martineau (18021935): first woman sociologist (English) Jane Addams (18601935) US sociologist pioneer→helped found Hull House, a chicago settlement house that provided assistance to immigrant families Racialconflict theory: the study of society that focuses on inequality and conflict between people of different racial & ethnic categories Ida Wells Barnett (18621931) born slave but became teacher→journalist→newspaper publisher + campaigned for racial equality & to put an end to lynching black people William Edward Burghardt Du Bois (18681963) born to poor Massachusetts family→enrolled at Fisk University→then Harvard where he earned 1st doctorate awarded by that university to a person of color→Founded Atlanta Sociological Laboratory (important center of sociological research in early decades of last century) Macrolevel orientati : a broad focus on social structures that shape society as a whole Microlevel orientation: a closeup focus on social interaction in specific situations Symbolic interaction approac : a framework for building theory that sees society as the product of everyday interactions of individuals everyday What is a Theory? Theor : a statement of how & why specific facts are related Sociologists formulate & test theories and utilize theoretical frameworks to guide our research o Theoretical framework: a basic image of society that guides thinking and research 3 major theoretical frameworks in sociology: 1. Structuralfunctional Approach 2. Social Conflict Approach 3. Symbolic Interactionalist Approach StructuralFunctional Approach Originally formulated by Auguste Comte Framework for building theory that sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability Emphasizes how various institutions lead to the proper functioning of society o Criminal justice system Maintains order for society o Education system Produces workers for industry Teaches people how to be productive citizens o Religion Teaches citizens proper morals A key weakness of this approach is that any dysfunction can be seen as a function, so everything is good for society SocialConflict Approach Karl Marx A framework for building theory that sees society and an area of inequality that generates conflict and change Emphasizes how social institutions help maintain social inequality o Criminal justice system Allows dominant class to control minority groups & the poor o Education system Reproduces social inequality by filtering lowerclass students into low status, low wage jobs and preparing upperclass students for high skill, high wage jobs Teaches minority groups and the poor the dominant ideology o Religion Legitimizes the dominance of the dominant class by teaching people that their social position is ordained by God or some other supernatural being Symbolic Interaction Approach Max Weber Emphasizes the role of everyday interactions in the creation of social institutions o Criminal justice Courts: Judges Lawyers Criminals o Education system Schools: Teachers Students Administration o Religion Churches: Clergy Congregants Structuralfunctional & socialconflict approaches have a Macro level orientation o Broad focus on social institutions that shape society as whole Symbolicinteraction approach has Microlevel orientation o Closeup focus Sociological Imagination Excerpt from book published in 1959 by sociologist C. Wright Mills Mills argues that the average individual isn’t aware of influence of historical period on his/her life Describes differences between how average individual sees world & how social analysts see world
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