Intro to Ethics Notes: Feminist Ethics
Intro to Ethics Notes: Feminist Ethics PHIL 160
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Julian Torian on Saturday March 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL 160 at Kansas taught by Ben Eggleston in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 95 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Ethics in PHIL-Philosophy at Kansas.
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Date Created: 03/28/15
Phil 160 Notes 323325 Feminist Ethics lof2 Feminism Feminism the movements of thought and activism aimed at establishing equal rights for women 0 First wave 0 19th and early 20th century 0 Aimed at establishing equal rights under law such as the right to vote 0 Generally argued that there are no signi cant innate mental differences between men and women 0 Second wave 0 Latter half of 20th century 0 Educational equality such as equal access to colleges etc o Workplace equality equal pay freedom from sexual harassment etc 0 Third wave 0 Late 20th century to present 0 More concerned with racial diversity economic diversity transgender issues etc Carol Gilligan Born 1936 a Leading theorist of gender differences in moral reasoning Kohlberg o Argued that men and women tend to have different ways of thinking about morality o Said men s way of thinking are superior Gilligan o Acknowledged the differences 0 Denied that women s ways of thinking are inferior Feminist Ethics 20f2 Formulating a Principle Consider this statement quotAn act is right if and only if it results in more caring overall than any other actquot This is one way of putting care into a moral principle but one should aim at more than just the attitude of canng The alternative way of putting the concept of care into a principle is the statement quotAn act is right if and only if it maximally promotes the wellbeing of the people the agent cares aboutquot The problem with this statement is that it allows people to ignore the interests of people they don t happen to care about Feminist ethics in general denies the possibility of formulating a single moral principle Strengths for Feminist Ethics It is less abstract and impersonal than traditional theories It offers an alternative to the idea that morality is a matter of resolving con icts legalistically and impartially lt embraces emotion not just reason It tends to promote social justice Weaknesses for Feminist Ethics 0 Doesn t basing morality on care run the risk of neglecting some people Don t I have duties to people whom I don t care about 0 Doesn t everyone matter equally even ifl can t help everyone equally impartialitypartiality The basic idea of feminism is that the interests of women matter morally as much as those of men Is there something about utilitarianism Kantianism etc that denies this Does one have to endorse anything like the ethics of care in order to be a feminist