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FYE134/RELS105 Introduction to World Religons week 3 notes

by: Lindsay Kennedy

FYE134/RELS105 Introduction to World Religons week 3 notes Religion 105

Marketplace > College of Charleston > Religion > Religion 105 > FYE134 RELS105 Introduction to World Religons week 3 notes
Lindsay Kennedy
C of C

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About this Document

These notes cover the beginnings of Buddhism
Introduction to World Religions
Dr. Cormack
Class Notes
into to world religions, world religions, religion, Buddhism
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lindsay Kennedy on Monday September 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Religion 105 at College of Charleston taught by Dr. Cormack in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Introduction to World Religions in Religion at College of Charleston.

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Date Created: 09/19/16
FYE134/RELS105—Introduction to World Religions Buddhism  Differs from Hinduism o No vedas!   Instead there is Dharma: “teachings of the Buddha” o No caste system o No self (atman) Story of the Buddha  Kshatriya o Prince of noble status  Mother dies o Brought up by aunt  When born o Dad asks astrologers to predict Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha’s) future  He will either be a great ruler or a world renouncer o Grows up without seeing sickness or ugliness o Gets married to a beautiful woman and has a baby  Rahula: “teather” o Wants to travel outside the palace  Overnight king says outside the palace must look as good as inside the  palace o Sees 4 sights  Blind man with a stick  Old man who is wrinkly and grey  Funeral: when you’re old you die  Man in a saffron robe: renouncer  Renouncer lives with horrors but is fine with it  Gautama wants to be like that  Gautama becomes the best renouncer ever, but still doesn’t have  peace of mind o Woman offers him rice and he eats it o He sits under a tree, puts his hands on the ground, and says he isn’t leaving until  he finds peace o Mara (devil) comes  Brings hot children to dance  He says to Gautama  “think of the good you could do if you came back to the palace”  Gautama finds enlightenment o Sees all of his past lives, understands them, and has to make a choice o Sees 4 gods (the 4 sights)  They urge him to stay in the world and help others become enlightened o Buddha: “enlightened one” o He stays, teaches, and dies  NO EXTREMES! That will help you find peace More on Buddhism Contents of enlightenment o 3 marks/contents of reality  Impermanence: nothings lasts forever  Ex: A seed turns to a tree, the tree is cut down, there is a log left,  the log is turned into a stool, the stool becomes trash, the trash is  recycled and it starts all over  No self: “atman”  Suffering: can be minor forms of dissatisfaction  Not a punishment/test, just the way life is  Ex: my chair is uncomfortable or the taxi is late  Ex: woman who lost her baby; Buddha will fix it is she can find  someone who has never lost someone they love; she can find no  such person o 4 noble truths  Suffering  Cause of suffering: desire  Is there a cure?  Yes!: 8 fold path/middle way/Buddhism o 2 categories of people  Laymen: regular people  Monks/nuns: parents can enter children into a monastery, but it is not  permanent and it is available to everybody at any stage and you can take it as far as you want o 6 realms of rebirth  Hell­beings: place of extreme punishment  Hungry ghost: huge stomach with a neck like a straw  There is no way they can eat enough to be full  Animal: could be a good life, could be bad  Human being: only ones that can attain enlightenment  Being a human is the best  Demi­god  god   grow so desirous of their luxurious lifestyle that they are born as  hell­beings and start over Dana: “giving” or a transfer of merit o You can give it to someone else so they have a better next life o Ahimsa: “non­harming”  No harm of any living being o A monk performs a ritual to send your merit to wherever it’s going o You acquire more merit, the person you give it to acquires merit, the monk who  performs the ritual acquires merit How to become a Buddhist o Take refuge in…  The Buddha  The Dharma  The Sangha: monks who interpret it 


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