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Music 110- Week 3 notes

by: Ariana Wilchenski

Music 110- Week 3 notes MUSC 110 001

Ariana Wilchenski
GPA 3.6

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Noted needed for exams and quizzes
Introduction to Music
James Hardwick
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ariana Wilchenski on Monday September 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUSC 110 001 at University of South Carolina taught by James Hardwick in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Music in Music at University of South Carolina.


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Date Created: 09/19/16
Week 3 Chapter 28- American popular music to WWII-September 6, 2016  Early American Psalms, hymns, and Gospel singing:  Pilgrims brought with them simple religious music  -found in Psalter (Book of Psalms)  Neither wanted nor had musical instruments, trained singers, or professional choirs  Within 20 years of their arrival, the Bay Psalm Book (1640) was printed. Only a few tunes were needed because one tune could be used for an entire group of psalms. (protestants)  “Lining out”: a leader would sing each line of a psalm and the full congregation would immediately repeat that line.  “Amazing Grace”  words orginated in British Isles in 1748 by seaman John Newton who had been rescued from a violent storm  South Carolinian William Walker supplied the text with a new Melody (adapted from a well-known New England song “New Britain”  published in southern harmony  Genre- Hymn  Form- strophic  Stanza 1  Stanza 2  Might be Africanized (sung in “call and response” style; syncopated rhythm; use of blues harmony; sung with tremendous enthusiasm  Gospel music- what the hymn becomes when Africanized  Country Music- Repertoire of religious and folk music  Came from Ballads (narrative songs in strophic form) of Anglo-Irish settlers in Appalachian region  Sung by voice alone or accompanied by  -fiddle, banjo, dulcimer  -uncomplicated harmonies (2-3 chords)  has grown into a mega-industry  Blues:  A form of African Folksong  -Emerged during the 1880s and 1890s  -passed along by oral tradition  -work song and field holler of black laborers  -wailing vocal style, the blues scale, and a body of subjects  Anglo-American fold Ballard  -regular, predictable pattern of chord changes  first printed as sheet music in 1912  first recorded in 1920, most made by black artists  sung to relieve a melancholy soul, to give vent to feelings of pain and anger  blues subjects: poverty, loneliness, oppressions, etc  blues lyrics:  three to six stanzas common, each stanza has 3 lines (AAB form)  Instrumental break: a short instrumental response to the voice and occurs at the end of each line 2  Guitar as accompanying instrument- provides a solid harmonic  Blues Scale:  Features “blue notes” which are notes that fall between the diatonic notes of the scale, common in African American folk song, used in place of a major or minor scale (12 bar blues is the most common)  Bessie Smith (1894-1934)  “empress of the blues”  sold 2 million records her first year, highest paid black artist of the day  powerful voice capable of strength, precision, and tender beauty  “lost your head blues” (1926): huge sweeping voice, twelve-bar blues, strophic  Early Jazz (conversation with music) (also includes blues) “America’s classical music” Influenced by traditional music practices of Africa (found in African-American spirituals and blues) European influence of marches, hymns, and folk music General definition- lively and energetic, pulsating rhythms and scintillating syncopations, played by small ensemble (a combo) or big band, tends to be polyphonic, strong element of improvising  Ragtime: A Precursor of Jazz The immediate precursor of jazz includes many of the same rhythmic features “To rag”: play or sing music in a heavenly syncopated jazzy style 3 Musical style: steady bass, syncopated treble, jaunty and upbeat, originated during the 1890s, primarily piano music, emerged in saloons and brothels. Eventually accepted into middle-class homes Lost popularity after WWI  Scott Joplin (1868-1917) “King of ragtime” Maple Leaf Rag (1899): his most successful composition, sold more than a million copies, form similar to an American militia, harmony distinctly European, syncopation New Orleans Jazz: early jazz greats lived in New Orleans -King Oliver, Jelly Roll Morton, Louis Armstrong French influence City filled with sounds of opera, marches, ballroom dances, African-American blues and ragtime Louis Armstrong (1901-1971) Born in New Orleans and followed his mentor King Oliver to Chicago Invented “scat” singing- nonsense syllables, voice treated like an instrument Gravelly sound to his voice in “Hello Dolly” and “mack the knife” Hot seven “Willie the Weeper” never written in music notation Chorus: each presentation of the tune  4 5


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