Psychology 222 Psychology of Personality week 3 notes
Psychology 222 Psychology of Personality week 3 notes Psyc 222 (Psychology of Personality)
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lindsay Kennedy on Monday September 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc 222 (Psychology of Personality) at College of Charleston taught by Dr. Hittner in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Personality in Psychology at College of Charleston.
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Date Created: 09/19/16
Psychology 222—Psychology of Personality Alfred Adler (18701937) Ordinarily aware of our motives o Egooriented: our ego is in control, not our unconscious Teleological: strivings and goals affect behavior o Looking toward the future can affect the here and now o Example in week 2 notes Our goals are FICTIONAL FINALISMS o We are shooting for our goals, but he calls them fictional because we don’t know if the goal will be good and beneficial for you o You won’t know if your goal is good until you’re there o Everyone has their own individual fictional finalisms o Do humans in general have a common goal? What is the ultimate fictional finalism? Strive to be aggressive: if we don’t have healthy outlets for our libido, we become like a tea kettle about to blow; we want to get that energy out so we don’t become like that Strive to be powerful: masculine protest—we want to feel empowered, like we can make a difference o Masculine protest: an effort to reassert your dominance and get back in control Ex: someone is being marginalized at work so they read up and go into a meeting and tell them everything they know in an almost demeaning way Strive for superiority: we want to be superior to where we were before; we want to grow and develop o Striving for superiority is innate All of us as humans have some feelings of inferiority The creative self is pushing us to be superior Feelings of inferiority o We recognize this very early on They hold their roots in infancy o We try to overcome our feelings of inferiority by working with others towards goals larger than ourselves Those who don’t want to work with others are at risk for being overcome with feelings of inferiority o Children who are neglected, rejected, or pampered have heightened risks for developing inferiority complexes Rejected/neglected: the child feels angry Worldview: people can’t be trusted because they are punishing and mean Their parents abuse or ignore them Pampered/spoiled: don’t care about others Worldview: the world revolves around me Don’t want to work with others towards social goals because it’s not about you and your cause; it’s about me These aren’t the only scenarios o Education and child rearing: educates parents and teachers about these issues on how to raise children o Psychologically healthy people have social goals Less psychologically healthy people don’t want to work with others; they only have individual power and selfserving goals 3 entrance gates to mental life o Early memories (stance towards life) o Dreams (goals oriented) Analyzing dreams with a stance towards what goals you have and what you want to achieve Both early memories and dreams give us feel for this person’s style of life o Birthorder (family constellation) Oldest, middle, youngest child Birth order o Past research findings Oldest child: verbally intelligent, achievement oriented, concerned with power, conforming and norm abiding in adulthood Oldest child is by him/herself until the next child is born Child gets more intensive, intellectual verbalization than previous children who have to share the parent’s attention Better verbal intellectual skills jumpstarts the desire to do well and become more achievement oriented Firstborns are overrepresented in positions of high power and influence Adler wasn’t doing research: he was just commenting on things he observed Adler believed firstborns were conforming Middle child: competitive, achievement oriented, mediator Wants to get noticed and compete with firstborn o Not necessarily in the same area as the firstborn Bridge the gap between older kids and younger kids Youngest child: socially skilled, rebellious Adler: dependent o Research findings don’t really support that o More research has been done on oldest and youngest children o This is the finding for the aggregate population level, however they WILL NOT hold true for every individual family Formative study o How different are social skills between the first and last born? o College study (males): divide students into firstborns and lastborns and recruit a sample for each o Tested individually, one at a time: blinded researcher o Guy goes into a room with a college female whom he has never met before and they look at the interaction between the two Look at time spent talking, impression of the male o Findings: The last born males spent about twice as much time talking The woman’s liking ratings were significantly higher for lastborn males Bellmont and Marolla Study o Families with less kids have higher IQ scores o Larger families tend to have a lover average IQ score o As we move across birth order position, IQ tends to decrease Rodgers and colleagues within family studies o One child family: Average IQ=102.3 o 2 child family: both kid’s average IQ=101.2 o 3 child family: individual IQ’s vary slightly o Collective IQ’s tend to decrease when family size increases Family size affect
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