New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Psychology 222 Psychology of Personality week 3 notes

by: Lindsay Kennedy

Psychology 222 Psychology of Personality week 3 notes Psyc 222 (Psychology of Personality)

Marketplace > College of Charleston > Psychology > Psyc 222 (Psychology of Personality) > Psychology 222 Psychology of Personality week 3 notes
Lindsay Kennedy
C of C

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes cover Alfred Adler
Psychology of Personality
Dr. Hittner
Class Notes
Psychology, Alfred Adler, Personality Psychology
25 ?




Popular in Psychology of Personality

Popular in Psychology

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lindsay Kennedy on Monday September 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc 222 (Psychology of Personality) at College of Charleston taught by Dr. Hittner in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Personality in Psychology at College of Charleston.

Similar to Psyc 222 (Psychology of Personality) at C of C


Reviews for Psychology 222 Psychology of Personality week 3 notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/19/16
Psychology 222—Psychology of Personality Alfred Adler (1870­1937)  Ordinarily aware of our motives o Ego­oriented: our ego is in control, not our unconscious  Teleological: strivings and goals affect behavior  o Looking toward the future can affect the here and now o Example in week 2 notes  Our goals are FICTIONAL FINALISMS o We are shooting for our goals, but he calls them fictional because we don’t know  if the goal will be good and beneficial for you o You won’t know if your goal is good until you’re there  o Everyone has their own individual fictional finalisms o Do humans in general have a common goal?  What is the ultimate fictional finalism?  Strive to be aggressive: if we don’t have healthy outlets for our  libido, we become like a tea kettle about to blow; we want to get  that energy out so we don’t become like that   Strive to be powerful: masculine protest—we want to feel  empowered, like we can make a difference  o Masculine protest: an effort to reassert your dominance and get back in control  Ex: someone is being marginalized at work so they read up and go into a  meeting and tell them everything they know in an almost demeaning way  Strive for superiority: we want to be superior to where we were  before; we want to grow and develop o Striving for superiority is innate  All of us as humans have some feelings of inferiority  The creative self is pushing us to be superior  Feelings of inferiority o We recognize this very early on  They hold their roots in infancy o We try to overcome our feelings of inferiority by working with others towards  goals larger than ourselves  Those who don’t want to work with others are at risk for being overcome  with feelings of inferiority o Children who are neglected, rejected, or pampered have heightened risks for  developing inferiority complexes   Rejected/neglected: the child feels angry  Worldview: people can’t be trusted because they are punishing and mean  Their parents abuse or ignore them  Pampered/spoiled: don’t care about others  Worldview: the world revolves around me  Don’t want to work with others towards social goals because it’s  not about you and your cause; it’s about me  These aren’t the only scenarios o Education and child rearing: educates parents and teachers about these issues on  how to raise children o Psychologically healthy people have social goals  Less psychologically healthy people don’t want to work with others; they  only have individual power and self­serving goals  3 entrance gates to mental life o Early memories (stance towards life) o Dreams (goals oriented)  Analyzing dreams with a stance towards what goals you have and what  you want to achieve  Both early memories and dreams give us feel for this person’s style of life o Birth­order (family constellation)  Oldest, middle, youngest child  Birth order o Past research findings  Oldest child: verbally intelligent, achievement oriented, concerned with  power, conforming and norm abiding in adulthood  Oldest child is by him/herself until the next child is born  Child gets more intensive, intellectual verbalization than previous  children who have to share the parent’s attention  Better verbal intellectual skills jump­starts the desire to do well  and become more achievement oriented   First­borns are overrepresented in positions of high power and  influence  Adler wasn’t doing research: he was just commenting on things he  observed  Adler believed first­borns were conforming  Middle child: competitive, achievement oriented, mediator  Wants to get noticed and compete with first­born o Not necessarily in the same area as the first­born  Bridge the gap between older kids and younger kids  Youngest child: socially skilled, rebellious  Adler: dependent o Research findings don’t really support that o More research has been done on oldest and youngest children o This is the finding for the aggregate population level, however they WILL NOT  hold true for every individual family  Formative study o How different are social skills between the first and last born? o College study (males): divide students into first­borns and last­borns and recruit a  sample for each o Tested individually, one at a time: blinded researcher o Guy goes into a room with a college female whom he has never met before and  they look at the interaction between the two  Look at time spent talking, impression of the male o Findings:  The last born males spent about twice as much time talking  The woman’s liking ratings were significantly higher for last­born males  Bellmont and Marolla Study o Families with less kids have higher IQ scores o Larger families tend to have a lover average IQ score o As we move across birth order position, IQ tends to decrease  Rodgers and colleagues with­in family studies o One child family: Average IQ=102.3 o 2 child family: both kid’s average IQ=101.2 o 3 child family: individual IQ’s vary slightly o Collective IQ’s tend to decrease when family size increases  Family size affect


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.