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Geography 1111 Lecture 14 Notes

by: Bridget Notetaker

Geography 1111 Lecture 14 Notes GEOG 1111

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Bridget Notetaker

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This is a filled in copy of the Lecture 14 notes that we completed in Professor Hopkin's class on Friday (9/16).
Intro to Physical Geography
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bridget Notetaker on Monday September 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 1111 at University of Georgia taught by Hopkins in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Intro to Physical Geography in Geography at University of Georgia.

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Date Created: 09/19/16
Geography 1111 Lecture 14 Notes  Mid­Latitude Wave Cyclone is a low­pressure cell that forms and moves  along a frontal boundary o It exhibits counter­clockwise circulation (NH) around the low  center and produces a wavelike deformation of the front  Stages of the Wave Cyclone Life Cycle: ***the main ones to remember  are 3, 4 and 5*** o Stage 1: Two air masses, a cold (cP or mP) and a warm (mT) are set­ up along a front and move parallel to it o Stage 2: A wave forms as warm air starts to move pole ward while  cold air moves equator ward o Stage 3: Cyclonic (counter­clockwise) circulation develops, with  general convergence at the surface and uplifting  The warm air overrides the cold air (frontal wedging) and a  Cold Front and Warm Front are established o Stage 4: The Cold front moves faster than the warm front and  begins to overtake it  This is the beginning stage of occlusion and the basic  formation of an Occluded Front o Stage 5: Full development of an Occluded Front has a occurred and  the system is at its maximum intensity  It exhibits a steep pressure gradient and strong winds and it is  in this stage when the severest weather (tornadoes, hail,  etc.) will likely occur, if it is going to occur o Stage 6: The pressure gradient weakens, energy supply is exhausted  and system dissipates      A Mid­Latitude Wave Cyclone can be thought of as having 3 sections based primarily on temperature, but exhibiting different weather as well o Warm Sector: the area between the Warm Front and the Cold Front o Cool Sector: the area ahead of the Warm Front o Cold Sector: the area behind the Cold Front  Winds of a Wave Cyclone: o Warm sector: the winds are primarily southwesterly and southerly o Cool sector: the winds are primarily southeasterly to easterly and  then northeasterly as you move counter­clockwise o Cold sector: the winds in this sector are primarily northerly to  northwesterly, then westerly as you move counter­clockwise o Remember, we name winds for the direction they are coming  from  Moisture, Sky and Weather Conditions: o Warm sector: Has humid to very humid conditions, often with  clear skies to scattered cumulus clouds  It exhibits warm temperatures  Here in the U.S. this is primarily mT air off the Gulf of  Mexico  Precipitation may be associated with the advancing cold front o Cool sector: Has humid to very humid conditions with a large  area of stratus and nimbostratus clouds  Light to moderate precipitation along and ahead of the  warm front  It exhibits cool temperatures o Cold sector: This sector exhibits dry, clear air back from the cold  front, but often has intense precipitation (thunderstorms) along  the cold front  It has cold temperatures  Mid­Latitude Wave Cyclones usually take between 3­7 days to form  and cross the U.S. as they are pushed by the geostrophic wind pattern,  primarily the Jet Stream, from west to east along Storm Tracks o These tracks shift with the seasons, being more northerly in the  summer and southerly in the winter     


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