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Chapter 3: The Changing Landscape

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by: Lexi Stutzman

Chapter 3: The Changing Landscape Munm 287 section 002

Marketplace > University of Nebraska Lincoln > Munm 287 section 002 > Chapter 3 The Changing Landscape
Lexi Stutzman
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Chapter 3 notes
History of Rock Music
Dr. Garrett Hope
Class Notes




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Morgan Oestmann

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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lexi Stutzman on Monday September 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Munm 287 section 002 at University of Nebraska Lincoln taught by Dr. Garrett Hope in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 131 views.

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Date Created: 09/19/16
Chapter 3 The Transition to Mainstream Pop The Changing Landscape The Death of Rock and Roll ● 1960: John F. Kennedy elected president, brings a youth oriented  changing of the guard ● A series of unrelated events end the classic rock and roll era ○ Carl Perkins auto accident (1956) ○ Little Richard retires (1957) ○ Elvis inducted into the army (1958) ○ Jerry Lee Lewis scandal(1958) ○ Buddy Holly dies in plane crash (1959) ○ Chuck Berry was arrested (1959) The Backlash ● Alarmed religious, parental, white supremacist groups warn of the dangers of rock and roll ● Pamphlets meetings, boycotts, record burnings, “I hate Elvis” clubs etc ● Rock and roll is sexualistic, unmoralistic, and brings people of both races  together” Alabama White Citizens council ● Rock and roll helps bring races together at least in the love of music Payola The Pay for Play Scandal ● Payola: djs accepting cash, favors, gifts, etc to play records ● 1959: congress begins investigation; focus quickly turns to dick clark and  alan freed ○ Clark testifies successfully defends himself against  prosecution ○ Freed becomes scapegoat, “singled out for alleged wrongs  that had become a business way of life” ○ Freed convicted of bribery, dies penniless in 1965 Brill Building Pop Leiber and Stoller ● 1950:meet in LA, discover common love of R&B ● 1953:first hit: “Hound Dog” by Big Mama Thornton(#R&B) ● Wrote “playlets” with humorous teen oriented lyrics ● Specialized in big orchestration, unusual instruments, rhythm and blues  inflections ● Meticulous studio production ● Helped define the role of the independent producer Music cut 11: “On Broadway” the Drifters 1963 Aldon Music ● Brill Building Pop: (1619 Broadway) replaces TIn Pan Alley ○ Many music businesses in and around the Brill Building  ● Aldon Music: Al Nevins/Don Kirshner, writing teams include: ○ Barry Mann/Cynthia Weil ○ Carol King/Gerry Goffin ○ Neil Sedaka/Howard Greenfield Music Cut 12: “Will You Love Me Tomorrow” by Shirelles (written by King/Goffin, #1 1961) Burt Bacharach/Hal David ● Met at Brill Building ● Dionne Warwick records more than 60 of their songs ● 66 top 40, 28 top 10, 6 #1 hits ● Idiosyncratic tunes, adult lyrics Music Cut 13: Walk on By” Dionne Warwick, (#6) Doc Pomus/Mort Shuman ● Brill Building veterans ● Many hits, including “Viva Las Vegas” Pop Music Goes West   Los Angeles in the 1960s ● 1960s:gradual shift in music business from East Coast to Los Angeles ● Home to Hollywood, television industry ● Many existing recording studios, talent agencies, major labels, publishing  companies Phil Spector ● Most influential producer of his era ● Eccentric genius, loner ● 1958: To know him is to love him become a #1 hit; Spector is 17 years old ● 190: understudy to Leiber and Stoller in nyc ● 1961: creates girl group genre in LA The Wall of Sound ● Large instrumental groups (including the wrecking crew) ● multi ­track overdubbing, reverb ● Gold Star studios ● Monophonic (not stereo) Music cut 14: “You’ve Lost that Lovin’ Feeling” The Wrecking Crew ● LA session musicians used on hundreds of recording sessions by Spector, the Beach Boys and others ● Included Carol Kaye (bass), Hal Blaine (drums), Glen Campbell (guitar),  Leon Russell (piano) The LA Pop Scene Explodes ● Late 1960s: pop music production in LA explodes ○ Capitol Records; also Liberty, Dot, and others  ○ A&M Records formed in 1962 by Herb Alpert and Jerry  Moss; becomes world’s largest independent label ● The Monkees: group formed for TV show (1966­1968)  ○ 11 top 40 hits ○ Songs written and produced by top LA pros ● Bubblegum Pop ○ Aimed for tween/teen girls ○ Made for tv pop ■ SIDENOTE: (MLK, JFK, and Beatles all in  1964) Surf Surf culture ○ Imported to the west coast from hawaii ○ Surf subculture incl. Lifestyle, hot rods, vernacular,music etc. ● 1959­63: Hollywood waters down surf in a series of bikini movies ● Real Surf music ○ instrumental , high energy, “garage band” edgy Dick Dale and the Del Tones ● Dale: King of the Surf Guitar ● Incorporated effects that emulated his Lebanese culture and the sound of  waves ● Developed Dual showman amplifier with Leo Fender ● “Miserlou” Dick Dale 1962 The Beach Boys ● Brian Wilson, Dennis and Carl Wilson, Mike Love, Al Jardine ○ Father abusive, encourage music ○ Started as the Pendletones ○ “Surfin” recorded Labor Day 1961 leads to contract with  Capitol ○ Formula: Four freshman vocals, Chuck Berry instrumentals,  lyrics ● “Sweet Little Sixteen” Chuck Berry ● Playlist: “Surfin’ USA” the Beach Boys 1963 ○ “Fun, Fun, Fun” (#5 1964) ● Early 1960s: Brain is increasingly influenced by Phil Spector, emerges as  creative genius; composer, arranger, producer, singer ○ “California Girls” (#3 1965) ● Late 1964: Brain begins to exhibit emotional problems, stop touring with  band, begins abusing drugs Pet Sounds ● Inspired by Beatles Rubber Soul ● Recorded in three studios costing $70,000 ● The Wrecking Crew used for instrumental parts ● Unconventional instruments used ● Songs are quiet, reflect Brain’s “coming of age” ● Critics hail it as masterpiece, commercially unsuccessful ○ Music Cut 15: “Wouldn’t It Be Nice” (#8 1966) A Teenage Symphony to God ● “Smile” unfinished, not released until 1997 ● Late 1960s: Beach Boys decline: Dennis Wilson/Charles Manson  friendship; Brain reclusiveness, Carl and Dennis die


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