Social Groups, Organizations, and Bureaucracies
Social Groups, Organizations, and Bureaucracies Soci 1311
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Angela Dela Llana
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Angela Dela Llana on Monday September 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soci 1311 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Jason Shelton in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views.
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Date Created: 09/19/16
SOCI 1311 Chapter 6: Social Groups, Organizations, and Bureaucracies A group is two or more people who are interacting with one another and share the same goals and expectations. An aggregate is a group of people who happen to be in the same place at the same time. For example, shoppers who happen to be at the store at the same time can be considered an aggregate. A social category is a large group of people who are similar on one characteristic or a group of characteristics. People who are middle class are in the same social category. There are three types of micro-level groups (small groups): primary vs. secondary groups, in- groups vs out-groups, and membership vs reference groups. Primary groups are informal groups that we are a part of. They are people that we interact with on a daily basis and tend to have long-lasting relationships with. We can be ourselves around them, and they see many aspects of our personality. They know us better than most people do, and we form deeper emotional bonds within primary groups. Your parents and your best friends can be a part of your primary groups. Primary groups can be complicated because you might not have a close enough relationship with all of your friends, have a close relationship with. Secondary groups tend to be temporary and goal-oriented. There interacting wi there are rules and clear boundaries. You spend most of your daily life in your secondary group. Before the Industrial Revolution, you spent time with your loved ones. After the Industrial Revolution, you spend most of your time away from your loved ones. Some groups do make the transition from secondary to primary. In-groups are groups that we are members of. Out-groups are groups that we are not members of. A social boundary is a real or symbolic marker that identifies who is in the group and who is not in the group. There can be controversy in determining where that boundary begins and where it ends. An example of a marker is a sorority/fraternity t-shirt. Only members of that Greek house can wear the t-shirt. Another is a Christmas tree in homes. Some non-Christians have Christmas trees in their homes, which might make some devout Christians feel angry. Reference groups are the groups of people that you refe who you compare yourself to. Who you choose to compare yourself to all comes down to what/who you think is attractive, successful, etc. Role models are people you want to become like. Relative gratification is when we compare ourselves to other people and feel good about ourselves. Relative deprivation is when we compare ourselves to other people and feel bad about ourselves. Be careful who you pick to compare yourself to and be realistic. Otherwise, your self-esteem can be affected negatively.
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