New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Anatomy and Physiology I, chapter 6 reading notes

by: Britney Beckett

Anatomy and Physiology I, chapter 6 reading notes 2200

Marketplace > University of Georgia > 2200 > Anatomy and Physiology I chapter 6 reading notes
Britney Beckett
GPA 3.57

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes cover the reading for chapter 6 of the opens tax textbook.
Anatomy and Physiology I
Ann Massey
Class Notes
anatomy, Physiology
25 ?




Popular in Anatomy and Physiology I

Popular in Department

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Britney Beckett on Monday September 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2200 at University of Georgia taught by Ann Massey in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views.


Reviews for Anatomy and Physiology I, chapter 6 reading notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/19/16
Chapter 6 6.1 The Functions of the Skeletal System (pg. 216-220):  Bone (osseous tissue): o Hard, dense connective tissue that forms skeleton. o Supports the body o Bone marrow:  Yellow marrow: contains adipose tissue  Red marrow: produces blood cells (red, white, platelets) o Mostly inorganic material:  Hydroxyapatite- gives bone its hardness and strength o Cells of the bone:  Osteoblast-forms new bone through synthesis and secretion of collagen and calcium  Osteocyte- osteoblast that is trapped in the matrix it deposited  Osteogenic cells: mitotically active bone cells that develop into osteoblasts  Osteoclast- breaks down bone  Cartilage: o Spongy bone o Semi-ridged connective tissue o Provides flexibility  Skeletal system: o System made of bone and cartilage o Functions:  Support body  Allow movement  Point of attachment for muscles  Protect organs  Produce blood cells  Store and release minerals and fats  Particularly calcium and phosphorus 6.3 Bone structure (pg. 222-232):  Long bone: o Diaphysis: shaft running between proximal and distal end of the bone  Composed of dense bone  Hollow region known as medullary cavity which contains yellow marrow  Contains nutrient foramen- opening through which arteries enter to bring nutrients o Epiphysis: proximal and distal ends of long bone  Contain red marrow  Composed of spongy bone o Endosteum: inner lining of medullary cavity  Site of bone growth, repair, and remodeling o Periosteum: outer cover of bone  Contains blood vessels, nerves, lymphatic vessels  Covers all of bone except where bone meets bone to form a joint o Articular cartilage: layer of cartilage covering epiphysis  Acts as shock absorber  Flat bone o Consists of flat layer of spongy bone lined on both sides with compact bone o Markings:  Articulation-two bone surfaces come together  Projection- region of bone that projects from surface of bone  Hole- opening in bone for blood vessels and nerves 6.4 Bone Formation and Development  Ossification: process of bone development o Ossification center: early cluster of osteoblast that will eventually spread out to become bone tissue o Intramembranous ossification: compact and spongy bone develop directly from sheets of undifferentiated connective tissue o Endochondral ossification: bone develops by replacing hyaline cartilage  Primary ossification center- region deep with in where ossification begins  Secondary ossification center- centers of ossification in the epiphyseal regions  Reserve zone: region closest to the epiphyseal region where chondrocytes secures epiphyseal plate (growth plate) to osseous tissue.  Proliferative zone: next layer towards diaphysis. Contains larger. Site of mitosis of chondrocytes o Appositional growth:  Bone growth in diameter  Bone grows thicker through intramembranous ossification o Bone remodeling:  Restoration of old/ damaged bone 6.5 Fracture: Bone repair  Fracture: broken bone  Reduction: setting fractured bone back into natural position without surgery  Open reduction: setting fracture bone back to natural position using open surgery. 6.7 Calcium Homeostasis:  Functions of calcium in the body: o Bone mineralization o Tooth health o Regulation of heart rate and strength of contraction o Blood coagulation o Contraction of muscles o Regulation of nerve impulse conduction  Calcium can not be produced through biological process; it must be consumed in diet  Bone is the storage site for calcium. Release and absorbs calcium based on bodies need.


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.