Popular in Introduction into Psychology
Popular in Department
This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Myrissa Webb on Monday September 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 2010 - 001 at Auburn University taught by Jennifer Daniels in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views.
Reviews for Learning
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/19/16
Learning What is learning? A relatively permanent change in behavior that occurs through experience Behaviorism: Theory of learning that focuses only on observable behaviors, not mental activity Associative learning: An association is made between two events Conditioning process of learning association How do we learn? We learn by a 2000 years ago, Aristotle suggested this law of association. Then 200 years ago, Locke and Hume reiterated this law Association Learning 1 Learning to associate on stimulus with another (Classical Conditioning; Pavlov) 2 Learning to associate a response with a consequence (Operant Conditioning; Skinner) Classical Conditioning How it was first operationalized Pavlov studied digestion and saliva in dogs. As he studied he found that they started salivating before they even ate the food. This lead to studying classical Conditioning. Unconditional Stimulus (UCS): A stimulus that unconditionally, naturally and automatic, triggers a response without prior learning Unconditional Response (UCR): Unlearned, naturally occurring response to the UCS Conditioned Stimulus (CS): An originally irrelevant stimulus that, after association with an US, comes to trigger a conditioned response Conditioned Response (CR): The learned response to a previously neutral (but now conditioned) stimulus (UCS) -----------------------> (UCR) I I I I V (CS) -----------------------> (CR) Acquisition: The initial learning of the stimulus response link, Neutral stimulus should come about .5 seconds before the UCS Salience: Does the CS "stand out"? Ex. Soft Russian ballad vs. Bell Intensity: Usually the more intense a UCS, the more readily conditioning takes place Frequency: IF bells were only occasionally accompanied by feeding, Pavlov's dogs would have been less likely to be conditioned. The more the UCS and the CS are paired together the more likely conditioning is to take place. Contiguity: Connectedness in time and space, needs to occur close together Contingency: Predictability of the occurrence of one stimulus from the presence of another Generalization: A new stimulus that is similar to the original CS is likely to elect a response that is similar to the CR Discrimination: the process of learning to respond to a certain stimuli and not to others Extinction: The weakening of the CR in the absence of the UCS Spontaneous Recovery: A CR can reoccur after a time delay without further conditioning Classical Conditioning in our lives Little Albert by Watson and Reyne
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'