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PSYC 1100, September 1st Notes

by: Sahar

PSYC 1100, September 1st Notes PSYC 1100

Marketplace > University of Connecticut > Psychology (PSYC) > PSYC 1100 > PSYC 1100 September 1st Notes

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The notes cover what psychology is an early philosophers of psychology.
General Psychology I
Dr. Susan Holt
Class Notes
Intro to Psychology, Psychology, philosophers, Theories/Schools of Psychology
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sahar on Monday September 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 1100 at University of Connecticut taught by Dr. Susan Holt in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 84 views. For similar materials see General Psychology I in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Connecticut.

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Date Created: 09/19/16
Psych Notes Assigned articles to report on, volunteer basis. Articles found on back of syllabus What is Psychology?  The scientific study of behavior and mental processes  These days with FMRI we can see into the brain’s different processes  Beginning of psych was philosophy First group of philosophers—Socrates and Plato (5  & 4  Century BCE)  Before Common Era­BCE  Believed that knowledge in inborn and that the body and mind are separate  The mind continues after death­these days it’s called “the soul” th Aristotle came next (4  cent. BCE)  Knowledge comes through experience and remembering those experiences  Proposed laws: Laws of Association o One learns to relate events if they are very similar, very dissimilar, or happened  together in space and time  Inductive Method o Accurate systematic behavioral elements are required before theories are built  Descartes came after (17  cent.)  French, everyone before was Grecian  Agreed with Plato o Spirits flow from the brain through the nerves, to the muscles, enabling  movements  Motivation has two sources o Internal ex. hunger o External Jean­Jaques (17  cent. French)  Agreed with Plato (Nativist)  At birth, the infant is a noble savage—all virtue is innate and society corrupts the virtue  that we are all born with o Best way for people to develop was for people to learn only what they want to  learn Francis Bacon (English, 17  cent.)  Human understanding imposes patterns and random events and attributes more order than is present at the time th John Locke (English, 17  cent.)  The mind is a tabula rasa, a blank slate  Agrees with Aristotle—experience is the basis of all knowledge and is gained through the senses  Empiricist b/c of ^  We civilize through society Psychology  Father of Psych: Wilhelm Wundt o First Psych lab in 1879 in Leipzig Germany  o Studied reaction time  Time taken from hearing sound to pressing a button o Student—Alfred Titchener  Structuralist—studied organization of the mind and established psych as  an independent philosophy and that humans can be studied by the  experimental method  Introduced introspection  Looking inward  Showed a complex object to people and was interested in what  people observed  Only describe elementary properties of the object  William James (American 19  cent.) o Functionalist o What can the mind do, not how it was structured o Coined “stream of consciousness”—believed consciousness flowed like a stream  and conscious processes (thinking, feeling, learning) exist only to help survival o Based on Darwin’s theory of evolution  What make humans more fit and more likely to survive  Sigmund Freud (Austrian, late 19 ­early 20  cent.) o Investigated unconscious mental processes  o People act in response to their unconscious motives of pleasure—sex and  aggression  o Childhood experiences were the most important to personality development o Defined abnormal behavior and created therapy to handle psych problems  A lot of therapy used today is based on Freud’s work o Humans distort reality to reduce anxiety—defense mechanisms  J.B. Watson (American) o Behaviorist—only able to study behavior that you could see o Only overt behaviors could be studied scientifically, not consciousness or  unconscious  o SR Psych—external stimuli connected to responses that follow  Since we just recently can study the unconscious, he only believed in the  behavioral evidence  A lot of psychology is in response to what other people say, Watson vs. Freud, Aristotle  vs. Plato & Socrates  th  Charles Rogers and Abraham Maslow (Americans, 20  cent.) believed in the nature of  “Free Will” o Humanists (reaction to determinism—unconscious motives of Freud and SR  Psych) o Humans are pretty much all good, with free will, can actualize potential, and  determine their own destinies o Maslow­needs hierarchy  Motivation­, starting with most basic need and worked to needs only  satisfied after basic needs  Bottom pyramid, physiological needs (hunger, thirst, sleep)  Followed by safety and security  Belongingness and love  Self­esteem  Self­actualization


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