PSYC 1100, September 1st Notes
PSYC 1100, September 1st Notes PSYC 1100
Popular in General Psychology I
Popular in Psychology (PSYC)
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sahar on Monday September 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 1100 at University of Connecticut taught by Dr. Susan Holt in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 84 views. For similar materials see General Psychology I in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Connecticut.
Reviews for PSYC 1100, September 1st Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/19/16
Psych Notes Assigned articles to report on, volunteer basis. Articles found on back of syllabus What is Psychology? The scientific study of behavior and mental processes These days with FMRI we can see into the brain’s different processes Beginning of psych was philosophy First group of philosophers—Socrates and Plato (5 & 4 Century BCE) Before Common EraBCE Believed that knowledge in inborn and that the body and mind are separate The mind continues after deaththese days it’s called “the soul” th Aristotle came next (4 cent. BCE) Knowledge comes through experience and remembering those experiences Proposed laws: Laws of Association o One learns to relate events if they are very similar, very dissimilar, or happened together in space and time Inductive Method o Accurate systematic behavioral elements are required before theories are built Descartes came after (17 cent.) French, everyone before was Grecian Agreed with Plato o Spirits flow from the brain through the nerves, to the muscles, enabling movements Motivation has two sources o Internal ex. hunger o External JeanJaques (17 cent. French) Agreed with Plato (Nativist) At birth, the infant is a noble savage—all virtue is innate and society corrupts the virtue that we are all born with o Best way for people to develop was for people to learn only what they want to learn Francis Bacon (English, 17 cent.) Human understanding imposes patterns and random events and attributes more order than is present at the time th John Locke (English, 17 cent.) The mind is a tabula rasa, a blank slate Agrees with Aristotle—experience is the basis of all knowledge and is gained through the senses Empiricist b/c of ^ We civilize through society Psychology Father of Psych: Wilhelm Wundt o First Psych lab in 1879 in Leipzig Germany o Studied reaction time Time taken from hearing sound to pressing a button o Student—Alfred Titchener Structuralist—studied organization of the mind and established psych as an independent philosophy and that humans can be studied by the experimental method Introduced introspection Looking inward Showed a complex object to people and was interested in what people observed Only describe elementary properties of the object William James (American 19 cent.) o Functionalist o What can the mind do, not how it was structured o Coined “stream of consciousness”—believed consciousness flowed like a stream and conscious processes (thinking, feeling, learning) exist only to help survival o Based on Darwin’s theory of evolution What make humans more fit and more likely to survive Sigmund Freud (Austrian, late 19 early 20 cent.) o Investigated unconscious mental processes o People act in response to their unconscious motives of pleasure—sex and aggression o Childhood experiences were the most important to personality development o Defined abnormal behavior and created therapy to handle psych problems A lot of therapy used today is based on Freud’s work o Humans distort reality to reduce anxiety—defense mechanisms J.B. Watson (American) o Behaviorist—only able to study behavior that you could see o Only overt behaviors could be studied scientifically, not consciousness or unconscious o SR Psych—external stimuli connected to responses that follow Since we just recently can study the unconscious, he only believed in the behavioral evidence A lot of psychology is in response to what other people say, Watson vs. Freud, Aristotle vs. Plato & Socrates th Charles Rogers and Abraham Maslow (Americans, 20 cent.) believed in the nature of “Free Will” o Humanists (reaction to determinism—unconscious motives of Freud and SR Psych) o Humans are pretty much all good, with free will, can actualize potential, and determine their own destinies o Maslowneeds hierarchy Motivation, starting with most basic need and worked to needs only satisfied after basic needs Bottom pyramid, physiological needs (hunger, thirst, sleep) Followed by safety and security Belongingness and love Selfesteem Selfactualization
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'