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Week 1 notes

by: Lauren Price

Week 1 notes Geography 101

Lauren Price
GPA 4.0
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Notes from week 1, overview of geography and some of north america overview
World Geography
Erik Nicholas Johanson
Class Notes




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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Price on Monday September 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Geography 101 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Erik Nicholas Johanson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see World Geography in Geography at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.


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Date Created: 09/19/16
Geography Lecture 1­2 What is Geography? ­Interaction between people, cultures, environment, and space ­Examine the relationship between places ­Representation of the world, collecting information about the world ­Understanding the interconnectedness of our world, why do inequalities exist? ­Understand the underlying processes that shape the political, economic, and social  outcomes Tobler’s First Law of geography ­Things that are closer together tend to be more similar than things that are farther apart Importance of Geography ­Communicating with people from other parts of the world ­Appreciation for other cultures ­Different perspectives ­Thinking critically, understanding the big picture ­Lots of job opportunities, great foundation discipline Types of Geographic Disciplines  ­Physical geography ­Understanding the natural processes that govern our planet, shape our natural  world: climate, wind patterns, precipitation, rock formations, volcanoes,  patters of  vegetation, tree rings, etc. ­Human geography ­Economic geography ­Political geography ­Cultural geography ­Social justice ­Geographic information science Geography Lecture 1­2 Climate: Some Basics ­Climate: long term balance of temperature and precipitation ­Weather: short term expression of climate ­Temperature and air pressure ­Land heats up and cools faster than the sea ­Wind: created by wind going from high pressure to low pressure ­Warm temperature linked to low air pressure, equator ­Cool temperature linked to higher pressure, poles Global Warming ­Global warming: observed warming of the earth’s surface and climate ­Greenhouse gases: produced through industry and other processes. Trap heat within.  Deforestation results in increasing levels of greenhouse gases.  ­Implications: water and food security, coastline retraction Global Warming: Bangladesh ­Low elevation, most densely populated in the world ­Extreme poverty and bad infrastructure ­Large portion of population to be affected (agriculture production, housing) Agriculture ­Agriculture: includes animal husbandry and plant cultivation ­First domesticated plants and animals between 8000 and 20,000 BC ­Impacts: ­Created surplus for trade, emergencies ­Allowed for specialization ­Environmental degradation ­Enabled population growth  Geography Lecture 1­2 Food Production and Globalization  ­With the replacement of local self­sufficiency with global interdependence, food  production has changed dramatically  ­Mono­crop agriculture in place of subsistence agriculture (growing what is needed  locally) ­Mechanized, chemically intensive, large­scale, commercial agriculture  ­Globalization is the shift from a local based economy to one with a global  interdependence on goods, money, and people over great distances. ­The interdependence and exchange also occurs at the cultural level ­Airline routes as representing connectivity and changing global economy ­Routes to Brazil dropped wth lagging economy:  ­“Korean Air will suspend its three times a week flight between Incheon and Sao  Paolo” ­The suspension of the route is due to low demand following the economic  downturn in Brazil  Global Resources: Water security ­Concerns: ­Population growth (agricultural usage, direct consumption) ­Global Warming (fresh water storage) ­Water purity (pollution) Development ­Parts of the world “third world” are in the process of shifting from more labor­intensive  raw material based economies to higher­value­skill­based and service economies ­Developed vs Developing is due to unequal access to social services such as  education and health care and a less developed infrastructure  Geography Lecture 1­2 Population ­Global population growth has occurred over the last several hundred years ­Changes in economic development patters, government policies, healthcare, and  gender roles has reduced incentives for large families ­The most rapidly growing populations are poorer on average and rural Movement of People  ­Globalization has accelerated movement: need for specialists and labor ­Ideas and culture moves with the person ­Legal and illegal immigration ­Forced slave trade Gender Roles ­The socially assigned roles of males and females ­Gender is both a biological and social category, whereas sex is only biological (does  not indicate how males or females may behave or identify themselves)  Race and Ethnicity  ­Antiquated idea: races represented biologically significantly different groups of people  ­Now: very little biologically different between races, instead clines race as a social  construct Race vs Ethnicity  ­Ethnicity is often assumed to be the cultural identity of a group from a nation­ state Urbanization ­Changes in food production are ‘pushing’ people out of rural areas. Manufacturing and  service economy is ‘pulling’ people to cities Geography Lecture 1­2 ­better living conditions and access to resources for some, but most have inadequate  access to water, social services, and housing  Environmentalism ­A movement to responsibly use natural resources ­In context of exposing environmental degradation ­Linked with global warming


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