Geography week 4 notes
Geography week 4 notes Geography 101
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Price on Monday September 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Geography 101 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Erik Nicholas Johanson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see World Geography in Geography at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.
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Date Created: 09/19/16
Geography 9/13 South America: Part 1 Problems faced by South America 1. Political Instability 2. Drug trafficking and violence 3. Economic equality 4. Exploitation, colonial legacy 5. Environmental degradation Columbia Poverty down almost 20% since 2002 Unemployment is at its lowest level in a decade Record economic growth GDP per capita has more than doubled since 2002 Medellin, Colombia Today, a bustling international destination FARC: The revolutionary armed forces of columbia. Since 2000 the kidnappings have dropped dramatically Ecuador Galapagos Islands Where Charles Darwin came up with evolution, the Origin of Species Venezuela Lots of oil problems Angel Falls Bolivia Salt Flats of Uyuni Bolivia Death Road Lots of young people and very little old people Repressed economy Peru Lots of copper and gold export Cusco Machu Picchu, one of the seven wonders of the world Lake Titicaca Nazca Lines Inquitos Geography 9/15 Test 50 multiple choice with some fill in the blanks Partial study guide on blackboard on Friday Chile Good country, economically prosperous Torres del Paine National Park, in Patagonia Zona Austral: snow capped peaks, glaciers Zona Sur: Very green, lots of precipitation Zona Central: Most of the population and economic activity Norte Chico: Cattle raising, southwestern us type of place Norte Grande: Atacama Desert, world’s driest desert, supports over 1 million people, astronomers and farmers Santiago, over 6 million people, high elevation Vina del Mar, just over 250,000 people, low elevation, on the coast Air pollution and smog 4 contributing factors 1. Industrial use of diesel fuels 2. Copper mine smelter, Chile is world’s leading copper producer 3. Santiago is located in a bowlshaped valley 4. Thermal inversion Chilean Winter or the Chilean Education Conflict, bigger funding for schools Chile gained more land and Bolivia and Peru lost some because they lost the Bird Poop War, people harvesting bird poop. Bolivia is now land locked Easter Island, Moai giant heads Population collapsed from 15,000 to 23,000 because of loss of trees Patagonia (Chile and Argentina) “Chile scarps huge Patagonia dam project after years of controversy” Citing environmental concerns, the Chilean government canceled HidroAysén Would’ve generated an enormous amount of power Replacement power? Importing foreign natural gas immediately Transition to higher percentage of renewable energy over the next decade Water Security In Bolivia there is a water crisis Causes 1. Changing climate (glaciers shrinking, less fresh water available) 2. Rapidly growing population (urban especially) 3. Privatization of water resources driving up costs Argentina 8th largest country in the world, largest Spanish speaking country Strong economy Buenos Aires, 3 million people Tango Population is largely Spanish, Italian, and German, only 3% indigenous Large support for the fascism in Europe and the Nazis, they had the second largest population of Jews outside of Europe. Government made fake passports for Nazis fleeing Europe Juan and Eva Perón, beloved in Argentina after WW2, played by Madonna in a movie, supported fascist cause “The Missing” 199761983, people that spoke out against the military disappeared very quickly Beef, huge cattle production, 123 pounds eater per person per year. Most of production is in The Pampas, Gauchos, cowboys on the Pampas National sport of Argentina is Pato, Spanish word for duck The Falkland Island War, Argentina vs Britain, Argentina surrendered, Margaret Thatcher became much more popular because of this win Iguazu Falls, Argentina, also in Paraguay and Brazil Uruguay and Paraguay Lots of “The Missing” were dropped into the body of water between Uruguay and Argentina Paraguay is the second land locked country, large percentage of indigenous people Uruguay has 3 million people and was founded by Portugal Brazil Has 201 million people Sâo Paulo, largest city in Brazil, 11 million people, largest city in south america Rio de Janeiro, 2014 World Cup, 2016 Summer Olympics, Carnival Corcovado Montains, where the Christ the Redeemer statue resides Sugarloaf Mountains Favelas, very dense population, clumped together houses, dangerous areas 10% of Brazil controls over half of the wealth of the nation Concrete wall divides favelas and the wealthy high rises Carnival, like Mardi Gras for Lent High reported level of urbanization, 81 out of every 100 people live in cities Brasília is capital Received half of slaves coming from the Atlantic Ocean, one of the worst places possible for slaves, Capoeira became a dance/way of combat for the slaves The Amazon, heart of the Amazon is in Brazil, second largest river system in the world Deforestation in the Amazon, thankfully declined heavily in the more recent years
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