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Geography week 4 notes

by: Lauren Price

Geography week 4 notes Geography 101

Lauren Price
GPA 4.0

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lessons 7-8
World Geography
Erik Nicholas Johanson
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Price on Monday September 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Geography 101 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Erik Nicholas Johanson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see World Geography in Geography at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.


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Date Created: 09/19/16
Geography  9/13 South America: Part 1 Problems faced by South America 1. Political Instability  2. Drug trafficking and violence 3. Economic equality  4. Exploitation, colonial legacy 5. Environmental degradation Columbia ­Poverty down almost 20% since 2002 ­Unemployment is at its lowest level in a decade ­Record economic growth ­GDP per capita has more than doubled since 2002 ­Medellin, Colombia  ­Today, a bustling international destination ­FARC: The revolutionary armed forces of columbia. Since 2000 the kidnappings have  dropped dramatically Ecuador  ­Galapagos Islands  ­Where Charles Darwin came up with evolution, the Origin of Species  Venezuela ­Lots of oil problems ­Angel Falls Bolivia ­Salt Flats of Uyuni ­Bolivia Death Road ­Lots of young people and very little old people ­Repressed economy Peru ­Lots of copper and gold export  ­Cusco ­Machu Picchu, one of the seven wonders of the world ­Lake Titicaca ­Nazca Lines ­Inquitos Geography 9/15 Test ­50 multiple choice with some fill in the blanks ­Partial study guide on blackboard on Friday Chile ­Good country, economically prosperous  ­Torres del Paine National Park, in Patagonia ­Zona Austral: snow capped peaks, glaciers ­Zona Sur: Very green, lots of precipitation  ­Zona Central: Most of the population and economic activity  ­Norte Chico: Cattle raising, southwestern us type of place ­Norte Grande: Atacama Desert, world’s driest desert, supports over 1 million  people, astronomers and farmers  ­Santiago, over 6 million people, high elevation ­Vina del Mar, just over 250,000 people, low elevation, on the coast ­Air pollution and smog ­4 contributing factors 1. Industrial use of diesel fuels 2. Copper mine smelter, Chile is world’s leading copper producer  3. Santiago is located in a bowl­shaped valley 4. Thermal inversion ­Chilean Winter or the Chilean Education Conflict, bigger funding for schools ­Chile gained more land and Bolivia and Peru lost some because they lost the Bird  Poop War, people harvesting bird poop. Bolivia is now land locked  ­Easter Island, Moai giant heads  ­Population collapsed from 15,000 to 2­3,000 because of loss of trees Patagonia (Chile and Argentina) ­“Chile scarps huge Patagonia dam project after years of controversy” ­Citing environmental concerns, the Chilean government canceled HidroAysén ­Would’ve generated an enormous amount of power ­Replacement power? ­Importing foreign natural gas immediately  ­Transition to higher percentage of renewable energy over the next decade ­Water Security  ­In Bolivia there is a water crisis ­Causes 1. Changing climate (glaciers shrinking, less fresh water available) 2. Rapidly growing population (urban especially) 3. Privatization of water resources driving up costs Argentina  ­8th largest country in the world, largest Spanish speaking country ­Strong economy  ­Buenos Aires, 3 million people  ­Tango ­Population is largely Spanish, Italian, and German, only 3% indigenous  ­Large support for the fascism in Europe and the Nazis, they had the second largest  population of Jews outside of Europe. Government made fake passports for Nazis  fleeing Europe  ­Juan and Eva Perón, beloved in Argentina after WW2, played by Madonna in a movie,  supported fascist cause  ­“The Missing” 19976­1983, people that spoke out against the military disappeared very  quickly  ­Beef, huge cattle production, 123 pounds eater per person per year. Most of production is in The Pampas, Gauchos, cowboys on the Pampas  ­National sport of Argentina is Pato, Spanish word for duck  ­The Falkland Island War, Argentina vs Britain, Argentina surrendered, Margaret  Thatcher became much more popular because of this win  Iguazu Falls, Argentina, also in Paraguay and Brazil  Uruguay and Paraguay  ­Lots of “The Missing” were dropped into the body of water between Uruguay and  Argentina  ­Paraguay is the second land locked country, large percentage of indigenous people ­Uruguay has 3 million people and was founded by Portugal  Brazil ­Has 201 million people  ­Sâo Paulo, largest city in Brazil, 11 million people, largest city in south america  ­Rio de Janeiro, 2014 World Cup, 2016 Summer Olympics, Carnival  ­Corcovado Montains, where the Christ the Redeemer statue resides  ­Sugarloaf Mountains  ­Favelas, very dense population, clumped together houses, dangerous areas  ­10% of Brazil controls over half of the wealth of the nation ­Concrete wall divides favelas and the wealthy high rises ­Carnival, like Mardi Gras for Lent  ­High reported level of urbanization, 81 out of every 100 people live in cities  ­Brasília is capital  ­Received half of slaves coming from the Atlantic Ocean, one of the worst places  possible for slaves, Capoeira became a dance/way of combat for the slaves  ­The Amazon, heart of the Amazon is in Brazil, second largest river system in the world ­Deforestation in the Amazon, thankfully declined heavily in the more recent years 


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