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Chapter 2 notes

by: Samantha Notetaker

Chapter 2 notes ss 290

Samantha Notetaker

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key points of chapter 2 of The Worlds of Medieval Europe
History of Medieval Europe
Albert Reeves
Class Notes
history, medieval, europe
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Notetaker on Monday September 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ss 290 at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University - Prescott taught by Albert Reeves in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see History of Medieval Europe in History at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University - Prescott.


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Date Created: 09/19/16
Chapter 2 Sunday, September 4, 2016 11:42 AM The Christian faith dominated in medieval era. Jesus had four disciples (Matthew, Mark, Luke,  John) who recorded not Jesus's story or biography but interruptive sketches of his teaching and  the meaning of parts of his ministry. They share some chronology but each gospel contains  unique material, depending on the audience it was intended for. Matthew's gospel was  specifically for a Jewish and emphasized when Jesus fulfilled the scriptural revelation of the  Hebrew law and prophets.  Luke wrote to the Gentile audience and stressed the twin themes of  God's love and forgiveness. With particular interest in bringing salvation to the poor and lowly.  It wasn’t until Constantine's conversion in 312 to Christianity that we see the gradual  Christianization of the west. This revolution was arguably the slowest in western history. The  spread of Christianity was hampered by persecution, internal division, intellectual skepticism, the resilient attraction to paganism, the rival appeal of Judaism, and the proliferation of heresy. By  the time of Constantine's conversion Christians made up no more than 5% of the population  some scholars suggest that the number could be as low as less than 1%.  Persecution of the Jews by the Seleucids ended with the Maccabean Revolt in 142 B.C. Then  they enjoyed a brief time period of peace until conquered by Roman armies in 63 B.C.  The Sadducees: a small group composed mainly of wealthy landowners and hereditary priest  caste, dismissed all apocalyptic belief from the traditional Judaism and supported the Roman  controlled puppet kings.  The Pharisees: championed strict adherence to Jewish law and ritual, they differed from  Sadducees by placing greater emphasis on the oral law passed by rabbis than on the ceremonies  of the Temple cult.  Romans started to persecute Christians because they thought that they wanted to abolish private  property and the social and legal distinctions that surrounded private property. The first purge of  persecution took place in 64 AD in Rome itself. Nero's persecution of Christians lasted until 68  when he died. The second century however there was no persecution (high point of Pax  Romana). Emperor Septimius Severus started it all back up in 193. Than Decius tried to stop the  faith by torturing them to the point of renouncement. The worst and bloodiest persecution took  place during Diocletian's reign. This however did have some kind of impact but the biggest was  that people accepted themselves as martyrs. Basically more persecution lead to more  commitment.  Diocletian resigned from his office in 305 and made his co­ emperor Miamian to do the same.  Which instead of leading to a peaceful transition turned into a 6­year civil war over power. The  last two contenders were Constantine and Maxentius. It's said that the night before the final battle that Constantine had a dream stating that if he converted to Christianity he would win the battle.  Which in turn did lead to his conversion and he did win the battle. (reigned from 312­337)  Immediately after assuming the throne he issued the Edict of Milan which basically made it  illegal to persecute Christians and gave them a social class just as every other pagan religion to  date. Also established the Nicaean Creed which laid out all Christian group debates and put an  end to them.  Emperor Theodosius made Christianity the official religion of the region. 


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