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SOCY 101

by: Emily Pennacchio


Emily Pennacchio

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About this Document

Research Designs, cultural variations, social structures
Intro to Sociology
Adrianna Dues
Class Notes
sociology, Psychology, Humanities
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emily Pennacchio on Monday September 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCY at University of South Carolina taught by Adrianna Dues in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at University of South Carolina.


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Date Created: 09/19/16
8/30/16 SOCY 101 Week 2 Major Research Designs: -surveys: interviews/ questionnaires -ethnography: observations/ direct participation in a closely watched group -experiments: artificially created situation that allows researchers to manipulate the situation -existing sources: using previously collected data Cultural Variation: -subculture: segments of society that share a distinct pattern of customs, rules and traditions that differ from the larger society -argot: specialized language that is created to allow insiders to understand words/ special meanings -counterculture: when a subculture deliberately opposes certain aspects of the larger culture Social Structure: the way in which a society is organized into predictable relationships, concepts of social interaction and social structure closely linked to groups and organizations (macro) Social Interaction: the ways in which people respond to one another (individual)…. The nature of social interaction and what constitutes reality varies across cultures (ex. Marriage/love in US vs Japan). The ability to define social reality reflects a group’s power within a society (ex. Tattoos) Elements of Social Structure -statuses: any of the full range of socially defined positions within a large group or society from the lowest to highest position, a person can hold several statuses at the same time -ascribed status: assigned to a person by society without regard for a person’s unique talents or characteristics -achieved status: comes to a person through their own efforts -master status: dominates other statuses and determines a person’s general position in society Societies deal with inconsistencies by agreeing that certain statuses are more important


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