PSY 401 Week 3 Notes
PSY 401 Week 3 Notes PSY 401
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Toomey on Monday September 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 401 at Colorado State University taught by Sara Ann Tompkins in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 26 views.
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Date Created: 09/19/16
PSY 401 Lecture 5 - Ch. 3 & 4 Tuesday, September 6, 2016 12:33 PM Next Thursday 9/15: Discussion about forum assignment • Medieval o Aurelius Augustine o Knowledge comes from: • Authority § Usually in the form of the church o Islam • Prophet Mohammed had a revelation from God § Posed a serious threat to Christianity • Grew rapidly & influenced medicine & philosophy • Superstition o Rhazes • Against demonic theory • Divergent behavior to cure mental illness § Social therapy § Offered music and games as a treatment for "melan choly" (today= depression) § Hippocrates was first to develop mental disorders • Empiricist (first to apply chemistry to medicine) § Limited by his religious beliefs § Tragic ending • Went blind by having chemicals thrown at his face by the king at the time • What happens when you step outside of the norm in this time period • Compared to Galen (who was compared to Hippocrates) o Avicenna • Faith and reason • Brain had a role in psychological disorders (similar to Galen again) § Frontal areas perception and reason § Occipital areas memory § Mental representation of external objects occurs in the ventricles • Must have a homeostasis between mind and body for both physical and mental health § Balance is key for psychological health • Triparte soul (like Plato) o Averroes & Alhazen • First to discover retina is the sensitive organ of the eye (not the lens) • Optic discoveries in this time • Drawings of the eye and its function (sensation and perception first discoveries) • Do we still struggle with faith and reason? o Must we choose one of t he two? o Struggle with religion influencing our medical decisions (Ex. Jehova's witness) o Faith/religion provides answers to the things we don't have the answers to= ignorance o Some people believe you can balance the two • Medieval o Maimonides (1135 -1204) • Argued that we must use reason when we have a question § Don't just rely on supernatural § We have to deduct reason § Rationalist § "People have little need for reason…" • Intellectual Elitist PSY 401 Lecture 6- Ch. 5: The Renaissance Thursday, September 8, 2016 12:32 PM Midterm Study tips: • Skim the book before coming to class • Use the lecture slides posted to see what we're held accountable for on the exam -- go back and read the information related to the lectures in the book • Read the thought provoking readings and be abl e to understand the main point or theme of reading (one question from each reading on the test) • If not mentioned in class (even if it's in the book) --it won't be on the exam • Use practice quizzes in Canvas to help prepare for exams • The Renaissance o The Black Death o New World View o Geography o Authority o Science & Knowledge • The Plague--The Black Death o "…the brief period from 1347-1350 witnessed a biological and medical holocaust that decimated the European Population" o Up to 1/3 of population, but in some communities 100% of their population was lost! o What type of effect did this have on the middle ages? o How people viewed the world around them o How people viewed their authority o Plague was spread by fleas on the rats on a ship o Symptoms at first seemed like the common flu o Spreads through the air via respiratory emission • People treating those thought to have the flu would get sick o Reactions to the plague o Religious precessions to pray for wellness (looked to religion) o Blame-- they blamed the Jews for being "dirty" and bringing the disease o Believed it was punishment for something they had done wrong o Fear o Moving and ostracism -- trying to flee the plague, which changed the geography of Europe o Ring around the Rosy (children, everyone, singing in the streets): rosary beads give you God's help o A pocket full of posies: used to stop the odor of rotting bodies which was at one point thought to cause the plague; it was also used widely by doctors to protect them from the infected plague patients o Ashes, Ashes: the church burned the bodies of the infected o We all fall down o What effect did this have on the middle ages? And why? o Make them question authority • Everyone was getting sick -- even priests, same as the beggars § This undermines system of social status and authority § All answers come from the church and those who are now sick, and they can't help or give answers o To understand the importance of this time, we have to understand the context (like the Plague) • Expanding Geographical knowledge o This is also damaging the autho rity of the church o They were wrong about: • The world being flat • Others not existing in other civilizations o Magellan's Expedition (1519) o First to successfully circumnavigate the globe o Changed the perception of the world almost overnight --how? • Rocks the foundation of the trust in the church --to find out the church was wrong • Exposed Europeans to a whole new set of knowledge • Development of "Revolutionary ideas" • Greek manuscripts o Could this happen in 2016? What would cause such a change in all human thinking? • What could happen to unify us all? Think about how technology has separated us o What else is happening to the "Authority" of the time? • Medieval era dominated by Roman Catholic church… § Geography changing --causing disputes § Printing press § Martin Luther and the protestant reformation -- power/authority is being diffused • New World View-- Authority o Development of the Printing Press (Guttenburg 1398 -1468) o New translations of the bible (Martin Luther) o Index of "Forbidden Books" • If caught reading one of these books, you can be put to death o The Reformation o Breakaway or change the Roman Catholic Church • Luther • Calvin o ** • New World View-- Science & Knowledge o Mapmaking as a science o Magellan o Quantification o Driven by idea of pragmatism -- a practical need • Banking, navigation, & commerce o Rediscovery of Pythagoras & Euclid • Figure it out for yourself, investigate and push for science o Changing visions of the world o Cosmology o Human Anatomy-- Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564) o Dissections weren't allowed at one time, but now they're having public dissections • Purpose: to learn about the body o First early (very detailed) drawings of the human anatomy o Ptolemy & The Geocentric Model o The earth is the Center of the Universe o Cosmology o Ptolemy • Earth sits in the center of the Universe o Dante • Dante's Inferno • Above us and below us • Renaissance view following on from Ptolemy o Not just questions about the universe but questions about • Human destiny • Theology • Philosophy • ** o Nicolaus Copernicus: argues for Heliocentric Theory • That we and other planets revolve around the sun • Sun-centered § Earth turns one daily; annual path around the sun o Galileo Galilei (1564 -1642): • Phases of Venus • In order to understand space, they would go to the same spot every night for months (no telescope) § Challenges they faced logistically • Heliocentric pattern proven with his telescope • Venus has similar lunar phases • Pope granted him permission to compare Geocentric/Heliocentric § Needed him to come back saying Copernicus was wrong (prove the church right) o Copernicus (Revolutions)-- Galileo (Dialogue) • Dialogue said that Copernicus was right § Placed on forbidden books list • Pope is angered by this: Galileo --Roman Inquisition § He was found "vehemently suspected of heresy" -- punishable by death • Forced to recant, and spent the rest of his life under house arrest • But the book was already out there, despite him taking his word back • This is how he died-- so he suffered for his discoveries • Psychology in the Renaissance o Petrarch (1304-1375)-- influential in today's Humanism o Loyal Christian wanting to reconcile Christian and Classical thought o Humans should be understood in terms of their natural setting, not just in terms of theology o Set the stage for expansion of humanistic studies • Influential for how we counsel people today o Niccolo Machiavelli & Social Influence o Machiavelli scale • Avg score: 25 • High score= more likely to bargain in social situations (high match) § Can be very persuasive • Low score- less likely to bargain in social situations (low match) • This is a sort of persona lity scale indicating what sort of bargain/deal a person will make in social situations -- i.e., how much will someone bargain for another person § How are you impacting those around you? By argument/bargaining? • People have different set points on this scale -- i.e. their temperament o "An amoral, manipulative attitude towards other individuals" (Gutteram, 1970) o "What people do" o His Methods • Descriptive objective approach to science (political) • Rejection of the moralistic approach • Role of social influence in human life • Social psychology of power o Influence on psychology? • How do we gain authority among others? How do we keep it? • How do we persuade people to believe us? • Was counseling people with money to gain authority, security, and power • Social psychology of power -- influence