New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Chapter 1 Terms

by: Eunice kim

Chapter 1 Terms PSY 361

Eunice kim
Long Beach State
GPA 3.595

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

I know that the book is too expensive to buy so here are all the terms and definitions for this chapter.
Child and Adolescent Development
May Ling Halim
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Child and Adolescent Development

Popular in Department

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Eunice kim on Monday September 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 361 at California State University Long Beach taught by May Ling Halim in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views.


Reviews for Chapter 1 Terms


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/19/16
Chapter 1 Terms Nature: our biological endowment, the genes we receive from our parents Nurture: the environments, both physical and social, that influence our development Continuous development: the idea that changes with age occur gradually, in small increments,  like that of a pine tree growing taller and taller Discontinuous development: the idea that changes with age include occasional large shifts, like  the transition from caterpillar to cocoon to butterfly Stage theories: approaches that propose that development involves a series of discontinuous,  age­related phases Cognitive development: the development of thinking and reasoning Neurotransmitters: chemicals involved in communications among brain cells Sociocultural context: the physical, social, cultural, economic, and historical circumstances that make up any child’s environment Socioeconomic status: a measure of social class based on income and education Scientific method: an approach to testing beliefs that involves choosing a question, formulating  a hypothesis, testing the hypothesis, and drawing conclusion Hypotheses: an educated guess Reliability: the degree to which independent measurements of a given behavior are consistent Interrater Reliability: the amount of agreement in the observations of different raters who  witness the same behavior Test­retest reliability: the degree of similarity of a child’s performance on two or more  occasions Validity: the degree to which a test measures what it is intended to measure Internal validity: the degree to which effects observed within experiments can be attributed to  the variables that the researcher intentionally manipulated External validity: the degree to which results can be generalized beyond the particulars of the  research Structured interview: a research procedure in which all participants are asked to answer the  same questions Clinical interview: a procedure in which questions are adjusted in accord with the answers the  interviewee provides Naturalistic observation: examination of ongoing behavior in an environment not controlled by the researcher Structured observation: a method that involves presenting an identical situation to each child  and recording the child’s behavior Variables: attributes that vary across individuals and situations, such as age, gender, and  expectations Correlational designs: studies intended to indicate how variables are related to each other Correlation: the association between two variables Correlation coefficient: a statistic that indicates the direction and strength of a correlation Direction­of­causation problem: the concept that a correlation between two variables does not  indicate which, if either, variable is the cause of the other Third­variable problem: the concept that a correlation between two variables may stem from  both being influenced by some third variable Experimental designs: a group of approaches that allow inferences about causesand effects to  be drawn Random assignment: a procedure in which each child has an equal chance of being assigned to  each group within an experiment Experimental control: the ability of researchers to determine the specific experiences that  children have during the course of an experiment Experimental group: a group of children in an experimental design who are presented the  experience of interest Control group: the group of children in an experimental design who are not presented the  experience of interest but in other ways are treated similarly Independent variable: the experience that children in the experimental group receive and that  children in the control group do not receive Dependent variable: a behavior that is measured to determine whether it is affected by exposure to the independent variable Cross­sectional design: a research method in which children of different ages are compared on a given behavior or characteristic over a short period of time Longitudinal design: a method of study in which the same children are studied twice or more  over a substantial period of time Microgenetic design: a method of study in which the same children are studied repeatedly over  a short period of time Counting­on strategy: counting up from the larger addend the number of times indicated by the  smaller addend


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.