New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Race and Minorities Week 3

by: Meaghan Raw

Race and Minorities Week 3 ANTY 122S - 01

Meaghan Raw
GPA 3.0

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes cover what was discussed in class. Happy Studying
Race and Minorities
Gregory Ray Campbell (P
Class Notes
Anthropology, race, Minorites
25 ?




Popular in Race and Minorities

Popular in Social Sciences

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Meaghan Raw on Monday September 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTY 122S - 01 at University of Montana taught by Gregory Ray Campbell (P in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Race and Minorities in Social Sciences at University of Montana.


Reviews for Race and Minorities Week 3


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/19/16
Race and Minorities: Week 3 9/12/16  By the 1700’s people classified races and attached the qualities of these races to people  Racial traits became immutable within each race  There are, by default, immutable superior and inferior traits  Descriptive measurements crystallized around phenotype o More biologically focused o “color­typing”   Another aspect of race study began to take root and was associated mainly in Europe o In Europe they fought about nationalism and how one nation was superior to  another o Asked questions about history and its progress in racial terms o Studies and Thoughts:  W.F. Edwards 1829  Was mad about the book by A. Thierry “History off the Gaul’s”   Delivered a conference paper at the royal academy of medicine  Paris, France  Said that the British are superior to the French  Racial purity of one nation/race to another  He discussed the broader issues  Gabel and Spurzheim  Notion of racial brain that was spread  Phrenology came into play with this o The study of the contours of the skull to determine brain  o Every race possesses a racial brain  o The studies that were conducted were then put into practice by the people o The notion fit into the ideas that there was such a thing as a racial brain   Scientist postulates o Assumption­ the brain o Size of the area­ amount of faculty within the brain o Outer skull­ corresponds to the inner brain structure to afford a means of  diagnosing individual character i.e. look at the outside and know what is on the  inside  Materialistic psychology o Function depends on organization  Structure determines function o Racial brain is different than this one because it varies in shape o Every brain thinks different because it is of a different shape  Racial brain leads to racial differences  Raciologists noted that races possess independent faculties related to certain areas of the  brain and they are immutable and passed on from parent to offspring   By the 1840’s skull shape came to the forefront as doliocephalic and brachycephalic  1842 Anders Retzius  o Looked at the Nordic traits of superior and inferior o He concluded that Swedes are superior because they are doliocephalic o The Finnish are inferior indigenous because they are brachycephalic  o The Swedes are ancestral to the Indo Europeans 9/14/16  Not only did materialistic psychology come about, bt they connected the racial brain to a  racial body  Race and body became one  1830s­50s became embodied in nationalism and national progress  Arthur de Gobineau o Aristrcrat in France o Scholar o Became interested in race, nationalism, and progress o Wrote the “Essay of Inequality of races”  Every race possesses special race characteristics  Notion of blood mixture  Racial decadence o Two races with special characteristics  go to more races that are mixed blood o The nation state will be infected with inferior blood and civilization will decline o Must keep ruling elite racially pure o Decadence occurs when impurity increases o Semites/Jews are the lowest of the low o 1830s­50s the races became social and political and economic qualities o Development of the quota systems o August 2, 1830 there was a debate that raged between baron Cuver vs. Geoffery  St. Hillarie  Race debate  Organic unity of life  Is there one human race or are races divided and are they really separate  species  Polygyny­many races not unified  Monogyny­ we were all related but separated   What made them separate?   Developed atavisms in 1830­1859  Organic unity of life took on a place of its own  3 things debated in the Pre­Evolutionary era o How to arrange species in an order of similarity o How to account for change o Explain the “fixity” of species 9/16/16  Bio­materialistic category = race  1859 November 24 o Charles Darwin published the “Origin of species”  o Established that all species have a common ancestor o Modified the notion of race o Polygyny was thrown out o Monogyny and Darwinism became one and bastardized   Natural selection was distorted to mean survival of the fittest  Developed a whole school of thought called Social Darwinism o Used to explain all of society  Noted that as races begin a struggle for existence they compete with each other  Atavisms completely emerged   Created an atmosphere where people talked about and became specialists in race and  what is going to happen to them  Atavisms will create chaos in the societies that had developed  Race specialists became once again obsessed with measuring all aspects of the human  body  It soon became a mechanism to explain everything  Broca in Paris, France wrote anthropological memoirs o 5 volume set of what and how to measure and to discover race and its qualities  Van Tork wrote about skulls using 5000 measurements  Social postulates o American scientists claimed great differences amongst human groups that  separate us o Differences are primordial  o Since racial differences are wide and deep you can find their expressions in  everything o Once discovered races yield positive facts about race o Race scientists began to racialize and engage in racialization  180s to 1920s they looked at all aspects and give it racial qualities  Cephalic index was developed o All were develop din this context


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.