Art 460 Art 460
Minnesota State University, Mankato
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hallie Notetaker on Monday September 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Art 460 at Minnesota State University - Mankato taught by Dr. Alisa Eimen in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Ancient Art in Art History at Minnesota State University - Mankato.
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Date Created: 09/19/16
Chapter Four Intermediate Period (2123-2040 BCE) Kingdom vs. period o Does not represent the dynamics of history Greater importance on temples as religious spaces from common people Chancellor Nakht from tomb atAsyut, c. 2050 BCE Made of wood, multiple copies Period was a time of artistic improvements and individualization of styles Stela of Nefersefekhi, c. 2100 BCE The inspector of priests Tomb at Naga el-Deir In comparison to Stela of Princess Nefertiabet from her tomb at Giza, c. 2500 BCE o Similar layout o Painting rather than carved and painted – lack of sculptors o Paint disappears – indicates status of the artist o Lacking in realism o Elements of skill o Less sophistication? Bringing produce to the granary, from the tomb of Iti Painting on plaster Gebelein, c. 2100 BCE Less formalized registers Pragmatism over idealism Nebhepetre Menuhotep II (r. 2050-1999 BCE) Painted relief from funerary temple Deir el-Bahri Leads up to the Middle Kingdom Reversion back to Old Kingdom Beard, headdress, broad shoulders Statue of Nofret from Tanis, c. 1880 BCE Granite, 65” Higher status of women Stylized wig Middle Kingdom (2040-1648 BCE) Funerary temple of Nebhepetre Mehtuhotep II Deir el-Bahri, Western Thebes, c. 2000 BCE Combined major themes of past funerary complexes o Better use of resources o Repurposed stone that was dug out from the same site Possibly meant to symbolize pyramid rather than recreating it Thebes grows with importance after this point Building is a way to symbolize power Richly adorned with precious stones Victor over chaos depictions o How we get to the Middle Kingdom Statue of Mentuhotep II Dark skin marks the afterlife Also fertility and return to nature Princess Karuit, c. 2030 BCE Being presented with an oil jar and with hair dresser Relief from her sarcophagus near Mentuhotep II’s tomb Inspection of cattle model, c. 1990 BCE From the tomb of Chancellor Meketre at Deir el-Bahri, Western Thebes Way of showing wealth and status in the afterlife Additional models from the tomb of Meketre Deir el-Bahri, Western Thebes Reconstruction and plan tomb of Djehutinakht Deir el-Bahri, c. 1980 BCE Coffin texts from Djehutinakht Faience Hippopotamus, c. 1980-1885 BCE Underpainting is the context of where the hippo lives o Blue background and flora Found in a tomb o Why? Hippos were feared o Possibly a representation of daily lives and what people encounter Found with three broken legs o Possibly intentional to ward off dangers in the afterlife, specifically hippo attacks Reminds us to read cautiously when assigning meaning to objects Head of Senwosret III, c. 1860 BCE More realistic; signs of age/stressed Shift in how the king was viewed during the Middle Kingdom Less idealized o King authority has been revealed as less reliable, mortal Previously divine-like being has been challenged Represents the doubt in the king people had at the time Pyramid Complex of Senworset III, Dashur, c. 1860 BCE Larger pyramid with smaller pyramids to the side o Not as large as the Giza pyramids Built with mud core, faced with stone o Speaks to its impermanence Boat found, showing how important boats were o Part of the burial procession Block statue of Senwosret – Senbefni and wife Memphis area, c. 1850 BCE Quartzite, 25” New statue form Seated posture (practical) Became a popular style o More compact (permanent) o More room for hieroglyphics o Uses less material (cheaper) o People who had less means could still afford this statue Style continues into New Kingdom Second Intermediate Period Foreign rule by Hyksos Rulers Egyptianize, they do not try to enforce their own traditions o Hundreds of years of strong culture before foreign rule o Would be an uphill battle to try and change those traditions o Previously successful culture, why change something that does not need to be fixed
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