Art 460 Art 460
Minnesota State University, Mankato
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hallie Notetaker on Monday September 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Art 460 at Minnesota State University - Mankato taught by Dr. Alisa Eimen in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Ancient Art in Art History at Minnesota State University - Mankato.
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Date Created: 09/19/16
Chapter Five New Kingdom (1540-1069 BCE) Return to monarchy at Memphis Interest in expansion to gain resources Foreign influences through expansion and trade King Ahmose I (r. 1550-1525 BCE) o First king of New Kingdom o Implemented a lot of changes for success Temple of Amun-Re at Karnak, c. 1930-150 BCE Multiple kings added to this temple as a way to contribute Important religious and political center Amun-Re is a new god produced during this era Uprise in temple architecture due to rise in importance of deities o Increase of local shrines from a growing upper-middle class (not as large) Less people are working the field meaning they have economic gains Have more resources to give towards temples o Lack of centralized authority led to creativity/creation of local gods that continued into the stable New Kingdom Criosphinxes (ram-headed) – pathway decoration Filled with painted stone architecture Successive building Standard Elements of Temples Entryway pylon o Ground entrance which looks fortified o Intended to be a grand transition into the space Open courtyards Covered halls Hypostyle hall o Many columned Emphasis on statuary and adornment Decorated processional linked pathways o Criosphinxes Post and lintel style architecture Oasis for the gods Sacred lake o Importance of water Hatshepsut (r. 1479-1457 BCE) Ruled for her son that was too young at the time Thutmoses went through and destroyed the statues of her when he was in rule Hatshepsut went through a shift from a queen to an absolute ruler (statuary) o Wanted to be represented as a king o Had sphinxes as well (would have lined a corridor) Funerary Temple of Hatshepsut, c. 1460 BCE Deir el-Bahri Calm next to chaos, symbolizes the control the pharaoh has Series of ramps and terraces Temples to various gods Birth narrative telling of divine birth o Relief on right colonnade Punt expedition (modern-day Somalia area) o Other relief on left colonnade Boats, octopus, palms, “other” people o Ships returned with multiple valuable resources Economic trade resources o Shows important work as administrator Temple is built right next to Mentuhotep’s who was the high point of the Middle Kingdom “Memnon Colossi” of Amenhotep III 66 feet tall Previously in front of pylons of a temple Sides have the family units Tomb Chapel of Nebamun, c. 1360 BCE Western Thebes Tomb shaped like dwelling space Had lively decorations of celebrations Nebamun was a counter of grains Nature and environment was important for his afterlife Decoration resembled the Narmer palette stance o Hierarchy of scale o Importance of cats and hunting o Wife under his arm, daughter between his legs Not a realistic depiction of a hunt o Some elements of realism, others on depictions of the “good life”
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