Art 460 Art 460
Minnesota State University, Mankato
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hallie Notetaker on Monday September 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Art 460 at Minnesota State University - Mankato taught by Dr. Alisa Eimen in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Ancient Art in Art History at Minnesota State University - Mankato.
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Date Created: 09/19/16
Chapter Seven The Ramessides Ramses I (r. 1295-1294 BCE) Sety I (r. 1294-1279 BCE) Ramses II (1279-1213 BCE) Ramses III (1184-1153 BCE) 20 Dynasty Overwhelming amount of monumentality o Interest in enhancing previous monumental buildings Monumental building is not new, but the way in which they evoked monuments changed Temple of Amun-Re Hypostyle Hall, c. 1280 BCE Example of addition onto previous monument Architecture has relief, then painted Sety I charging Libyans on one of the relief carvings o Implementation of chariots (modernization?) o Interest in depicting war scenes o Development of very complex reliefs Reflects the king’s ability to control Ramses II, c. 1250 BCE From east temple at Karnak Indicates modernity o Lacking false beard o Queen and son by his side as supports of the throne (not as new of a development) o Fashion (crown, sandals, clothes) o Not symmetrical o Deviation from block formation o More realistic o Fully represented flail and mace o Less eternalistic Ramses III with Horus and Seth, c. 1160 BCE From funerary temple at Medinet Habu Story of unification Move away from block structure o More daring, risk of breaking Meant to be seen from all sides Ramses II charging Hittites, c. 1250 BCE Battle of Qadesh Pylon of the temple at Luxor Symbol of victory is the king set in larger than everything else Large temple at Abu Simbel, c. 1250 BCE Larger and smaller temples Large restoration project to save temple o Cut sculptures out and rebuilt Four colossal representations of the king o Each 69 feet making them the largest statues in the ancient Egyptian era Series of temples culminating with a sanctuary o Eight Osiris figures (also reconstructed) o Figures in sanctuary are lit by sun o Manifestations of deities and Ramses II Built similarly to Amun-Re temple, except into the rock o Therefore, does not have exterior pylon o Relief carvings that would have been on pylon are represented elsewhere Small temple at Abu Simbel Six figures o Four Ramses II, two queens (Nofretari) Same size Tomb of Nofretari (Nefertari), c. 1250 BCE Valley of the Queens, Western Thebes Paintings depict her entrance into alternative realm Largely painted o Stairway has images from Book of the Dead Oriented North to South o Desirable orientation may have to be left behind in order to build a sound tomb Tomb of Pashed, Deir el-Medina, c. 1250 BCE Painting of Pashed and wife on boat to the afterlife Painting of detail from rows of family members honoring Pashed Examples of worker’s tomb Again largely painted Osiris with the mountains of the west behind him Ostracon showing a cat fanning a rate, c. 1150 BCE o Different tomb, probably same location o Interesting for scholars to study things from worker tombs o Cartoon like? Ancestral Bust, c. 1300-1150 BCE Lesser materials, quality? More affordable Used in homes to remember deceased Shabti box, c. 1250 BCE Shabti of Henutmehyt Probably from Thebes Representation of the greater amount of people who have access to more materials o Ability to have a tomb o Have more wealth and therefore, servants