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Lecture 1: The Climate System

by: Alexandra

Lecture 1: The Climate System GR4990

Marketplace > Mississippi State University > geosciences > GR4990 > Lecture 1 The Climate System
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About this Document

First Lecture in Climatology
Physical Climatology
Dr. Fuhrmann
Class Notes
Climatology, Meteorology
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexandra on Monday September 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GR4990 at Mississippi State University taught by Dr. Fuhrmann in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Physical Climatology in geosciences at Mississippi State University.


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Date Created: 09/19/16
Lecture 1: The Climate System  Meteorology vs Climatology  Similarities  Measurement and examination of the forces and processes that create properties of the atmosphere  Differences  Meteorology: instantaneous condition of the atmosphere  Climatology: state of the atmosphere over time for a given place.  What is the primary goal of each?  Meteorology: prediction and current conditions  Climatology: better understand the long term consequences of phenomena.  Climate system consists of:  Hydrosphere  Biosphere  Lithosphere  Cryosphere  Climatologists should have a firm grounding in the laws of atmospheric physics and chemistry that dictate the instantaneous behavior of the atmosphere.  Meteorologists should recognize the importance of climatic patterns and their impact  Both have to work closer with social scientists, policy makers, and the media.  Subfields of Climatology  Physical Climatology: Matter, momentum, and energy at climatic time scales  Hydroclimatology: Processes and interactions involving the atmosphere and the hydrosphere at climatic time scales.  Synoptic Climatology: Regional-scale relationships between atmospheric circulation and surface environment  Paleoclimatology: Description of climatic conditions in distant past through proxy evidence.  Boundary-layer Climatology: Microscale processes involving interactions between lower atmosphere and earth surface  Applied Climatology: Effects of climate on economic and social systems.  Bioclimatology: Interactions between climate and living things  Climatology: A Rapidly Advancing Field  Availability of high res data  Satellite info  Datasets  Climate models  Sophisticated techniques for analysis and visualization  Artificial neural networks  Geographic info systems (GIS)  Sensitivity to climate variability and change is increasing, as is the need for data and info.  Course Topics  Energy in the climate system  Hydroclimatology  Teleconnection and climate variability  Climate modeling


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