Week 4 notes
Week 4 notes SWRK 330
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kirsten Swikert on Monday September 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SWRK 330 at Western Kentucky University taught by Dr. Mallinger in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Human Behavior in the Social Environment in Social Work at Western Kentucky University.
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Date Created: 09/19/16
Social Environment • Individuals, families, groups, organizations, and communities are in constant transaction with each other in the physical and social environmental context • People and environments reciprocally affect one another Ecological Perspective Basic Concepts to Define • Ethnicity • Race • Gender • Racism • Anti-Semitism • Ethnocentrism • Sexism • Heterosexism • Ageism • Classism • Xenophobia Understanding Prejudice and Discrimination • Prejudice is the tendency of individuals to think and feel in negative ways about members of other groups • Discrimination is the unjust treatment (actions and behaviors) of different categories of people or things, especially on the grounds of race, age, or sex Prejudice has Two Dimensions • Affective (emotional): feelings we associate with other groups o Fear o Hatred o Anger Stereotypes • Cognitive aspects of prejudice • Overgeneralization or assumption about a group o Stress a few traits and assume these characteristics apply to all members of the group • Selective perception: tendency to see only what one expects to see Minority Groups • Members of group experience patterns of disadvantage or inequality • Members of the group share a visible trait that differentiates them from the majority group • Not limited to mathematical minority (blacks in South Africa) • Foucault’s theory is that power is seen in terms of inclusion and exclusion Oppression • Methods of oppression o Exploitation o Exclusion o Domination Stratification • Unequal distribution of goods and services • Society is divided into social class layers (strata) Minority Groups Status and Stratification • Minority group status affects access to o Wealth o Income o Prestige o Power Intersectionality • Intersectional theorists argue that race, class, and gender are interrelated systems of oppression with no single axis being more fundamental than the others • Reaction against other theoretical perspectives that argued that one of these categories was the fundamental source of oppression • Recognizing oppression is experienced by white middle class women differently than those experienced by women who were black, poor, or disabled • Feminists sought to understand the ways in which gender, race, and class combined to “determine the female destiny”
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