WK. 3 NOTES - IMPERIAL ADMINISTRATION
WK. 3 NOTES - IMPERIAL ADMINISTRATION
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Dominique Bluehorse on Monday September 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to at Fort Lewis College taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 57 views. For similar materials see Colonial Latin America in History at Fort Lewis College.
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Date Created: 09/19/16
Notes for History – Colonial Latin America September 16, 2016 – week 3 LECTURE – IMPERIAL ADMINISTRATION The 1 Seaborne empires: Existed because of advances in technology & were connected by ships over vast oceans o They were slow, dangerous and unreliable though People, goods and documents sailed by ships Time- sensitive information was useless. But it gets better eventually (but not by a lot) Ships used sails, so if there was no wind, there was no movement. (no wind = no movement) Planning ahead was not reliable because of unforeseen circumstances out on the ocean o 18 weeks journeys (or 6 months) Response time for documents was usually around a year (6 months there, 6 months back) o Flexibility was an important tool Officers usually responded with “I obey but I do not comply” to certain documents. This meant that they recognized the authority of the document but they just are not going to do it. There really was no strict chain of control. Chain of authority: (Highest position to lowest position) o Council of Indies – Head Honcho o King – Like a president. He appointed Spanish cities called “Ciudad” NON-Spanish cities were called Pueblos – they were tributary towns. o Viceroyalty (Viceroy) – They were the “vice king” like a vice president. They were the personal representatives of the King. Held a lot of power. 2 were appointed in Central Mexico (New Spain) and Lima (Peru) Between these two, there were no real connections. They usually reported to the Councils, sometimes to the king also. o Audioncia (Oidores) – They are like the Senate They held complete power in their institutions and jurisdictions. Considered the highest court. Held their positions for life. o Corregimierto – They are like counties It was appointed to 1 man (by the Audioncia) to monitor NON- Spanish towns. He collected tributes. This was the most corrupt position. Usually people bought this position They only worked for a few years. o Cabildo: They were like town councils Usually elected Were apart of both Spanish cities and pueblos. These were made for further control. The main idea of the CHAIN was durability: o With each other monitoring the other, they made sure that no one held truly powerful positions. There was “no moving up the corporate ladder” in these positions Most positions were based on family statuses. o Graph: Is an example of an area of land divided by sections of authority. Blue: Control by Viceroyalty. White: sub-control by Audioncia. Red: sub-control by Corregimierto. Councils were established: o Men were appointed by the monarchy for multipurpose: They delegated: Executive actions Legislative actions & judicial actions. They men chosen were usually university trained. o They worked closely with the KING (moved and lived near him) Because there were no capitols or permanent places to hold an “office” They needed to stay close because the king still needed to sign off on things. He signed as “Yo, el Rey” – I, the king. o Produced laws Written and oral laws. o They usually decided laws on hearings Because they never visited the Americas o Executive orders: Enforced laws and appointed people.
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