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HWC 308 Class Note 3

by: Dana Mass

HWC 308 Class Note 3 HWC 308

Dana Mass
Stony Brook U
GPA 3.52

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About this Document

These notes go over chapter 2 from the textbook. It is not exactly what is in the powerpoints but its the details he said that weren't on it.
Human Behavior and Social Environment I (HBSE): Individual Development Across the Life Span
Michael Chiappone
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Dana Mass on Tuesday September 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HWC 308 at Stony Brook University taught by Michael Chiappone in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Human Behavior and Social Environment I (HBSE): Individual Development Across the Life Span in Social Welfare BASW (SOC WF) at Stony Brook University.

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Date Created: 09/20/16
Monday, September 19, 2016 HWC 308 Class Note 3 - Theory: hypothesis based on information and research. About human behavior. Systems Perspective: Generalist perspective. A person in an environment and we act differently based on that, but we are not only in a society but a family within that environment. Everything we do is affected by something else. No one is isolated and everything affects one another. - Ex: Stony brook is a system, our class can be affected by this University based on the environment, funding, diversity. What happens in the class affects the university and its interactive. - Ex: Family, school affects the family. Community affects the family, jobs, culture, social services, environment, church, extended family, crime. If there is an increase in crime, it will affect every other portion of the system. - Feedback mechanism: negative and positive feedback. Continue certain behaviors. - Family roles: scapegoat, hero, they are important because they create stability. The roles maintain stability. (alcoholic families, the family becomes the system and they try to maintain a balance) - Chaos theory: we are all interconnected to one another. - Deep ecology: fracking, if we put water into the earth to find oil and coal, we are causing earthquakes. - General systems theory: complex societies are so closed because we are afraid to divide them, we are comfortable with the ideas. If it is working, why would we change it. Conflict Perspective: discusses conflict and causes of human behavior. - Ex: Macro level- Discrimination regarding race, black people are being oppressed, there is affirmative action and its not happening (Having Obama as a president). - Ex: Micro level- abuse, denial, minimization, rationalization. - Collective: group of people or a group of more than one person. - Feminist theories are born out of empowerment theories (afrocentric/ black lives matter). Rational Choice Perspective: based on self-interest. - Social exchange theory: desire ti maximize benefits and minimize costs (union membership/ health promotion) Social Constructionist Perspective: we see a lot of this in inner cities, schools, family. - Phenomenological sociology: religion (tradition/ actual worshiping), family functions (Sunday dinner) - People are social beings and want to survive (Instincts). Psychodynamic Perspective: how internal processes such as needs, drives, and emotions motivate human behavior. - Freud: pg 141 (defense mechanisms). Discusses needs, sexual drive, emotions. **talks about different human personalities and different stage theories, and talks about ego psychology** - Adaptation, the ability to change/ adapt. We use our defense mechanisms. They are all subconscious and we have no control over them. - Denial: you know one thing and believe in it, you understand that it is being done, but don't think its doing any harm. 1 Monday, September 19, 2016 - Displacement: putting anger onto someone else even thought it may not have anything to do with them. - Object relations theory: how people develop attitudes towards others. Ex: Freud = mothers. Can be our early caregivers. In an early age this can affect us as we grow up. - Self psychology: we make a belief system for ourself and then we share it. The people around us reinforce it. - Ex: People in recovery who want to build a sense of who they are and a support system. - Relational-cultural theory: human drive is for relationships with others. Doesn't matter where you are or who you are, we all are connected and want to be connected with each other. Developmental Perspective: how behavior unfolds across the life course. - Life span or life cycle theory: focuses on the inner life during age-related stages. Inner life means our thoughts, feelings (loss, grief, enjoyment), internal dialogue. - Epigenetic model: personality takes place in sequences. - Erikson’s eight stages. Need to compel one stage before going onto the other and if you don't, there are consequences. - Life course: shared experiences. - Ex: First job, first day of school, losing a tooth, getting married. - Six major themes. Diversity and life course trajectories means having a goal for yourself and everything we have done has brought us to this point. Social Behavioral Perspective: human behavior is learned as individuals interact with their environments. - Three versions of behavioral theory. Classical conditioning theory (Pavlov’s dogs/ hearing a bell and going to class) Operant conditioning theory (rewards for positive behavior/ take away chores if your child is doing something good/ sticker chart) Cognitive social learning theory (the way you think/ we learn from observations and people around us) - Efficacy: personal confidence. How we are and nurtured. How we assimilate. We get the confidence from peers, family, environment, teachers, coaches. Humanistic Perspective: - Third Force of Psychology - Transpersonal theory: focuses on the spiritual aspects of human experience. Free and constrained (free to do what we want but there are limitations, we live by our moral code) - Spirituality: beliefs in a higher power, values, being centered, interconnectedness, source of comfort, something we can fall back on. - Staying in the immediate moment= being present. It helps us overcome many things. - We need sex to procreate and keep living. - Freud: talks about desires and needs but never discussed our strengths. Evaluating Theories - DO the theories make sense. - Has anyone supported the theories. Multiple Perspectives 2


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