Reading Assignment 1 Notes
Reading Assignment 1 Notes PET 3125
University of Central Florida
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sharity Staser on Tuesday September 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PET 3125 at University of Central Florida taught by Ms. Valdez in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Fitness and Weight Management in EXERCISE AND SPORT SCIENCE at University of Central Florida.
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Date Created: 09/20/16
PET 3125: READING ASSIGNMENT CH1 NOTES Objectives: 1. Understand the difference between physical activity (PA) and exercise 2. Know the components of health related fitness 3. Know the components of skill related fitness 4. Understand the relationship between PA and health 5. Understand the risk associated with PA and exercise Notes: • Physical Activity (PA) is any bodily movement produced by contracting skeletal muscle that causes an increase in energy expenditure. This can be static or dynamic. Ex: standing up from a seated position, walking around the house, holding your child, carrying groceries. • Exercise is any planned, structured, repetitive and purposeful activity that has a goal of improving or maintaining any component of fitness. Ex: resistance training, running, HIIT workouts, planned walks, lifting weights. • Health related fitness is cardio respiratory fitness, muscular endurance, muscular strength, flexibility and body composition. (the 5 components of health related fitness) • Skill related fitness or “performance related” is all about improving performance and ability to perform. It is comprised of agility, balance, coordination, power, reaction time, and speed. Improving in skill related fitness can result in an increased desire to participate in PA. Overall skill related fitness contributes to your ability to function in a more skill related and efficient way. • Physical activity will maintain or improve health if you put an emphasis on improving each area of PA individually leading to a healthier individual overall. • Physical activity and health is related because being more active leads to a decreased risk of disease and a longer and healthier life for most individuals. Taking an individual who is sedentary and making them active for even just one hour a day (not meaning working out but just getting them off of the couch) can decrease their risk for CVD and other health problems tremendously. • The ACSM (American college of sports medicine) was founded in 1964 and had 54 original charter members. They are now a governing body on health regulations and standards in the sports medicine fields. • Physical activity can have a positive impact in biological, psychological, and social domains. Becoming more active makes people feel better they are being healthier they have more energy, and they get a better sense of self-‐ confidence after being active. • The therapeutic and Prophylactic (disease prevention) benefits of PA are easily obtained and can be obtained at little to no cost and in nearly any environment that makes the individual more comfortable. • The general risk associated with PA include sudden cardiac death (which is highly publicized but very rare), musculoskeletal injury (which is more common in higher impact activity) • Things to remember: I. Most sedentary people can safely begin a low to moderate intensity physical activity program without a need for baseline testing or medical clearance. II. Physical activity does not present a risk for CVD related events in healthy individuals. III. At risk patients should obtain medical clearance before beginning a new PA plan. IV. Exercise risk are proportional to the intensity of the workout being performed.