PDBIO 305: Protein Synthesis - Week 2
PDBIO 305: Protein Synthesis - Week 2 PDBIO305
Popular in Human Physiology
Popular in Physiology and Developmental Biology
verified elite notetaker
This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kirsten Notetaker on Tuesday September 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PDBIO305 at Brigham Young University taught by David Thomson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Human Physiology in Physiology and Developmental Biology at Brigham Young University.
Reviews for PDBIO 305: Protein Synthesis - Week 2
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/20/16
Protein synthesis Know basic types of cells and their functions i.e. skeletal muscle cells vs. red blood cells The proteins of a cell determine its form, which determines its function Different proteins -> different functions Proteins are made in the nucleus from DNA “blueprints” DNA is made up of millions of nucleotides and replicates itself during cell division Note: don’t need to know structure of nucleotides T pairs with A and G pairs with C Gene = stretch of DNA that codes for the synthesis (creation) of a specific polypeptide or protein Unique base sequence for each protein Every 3 bases code for one amino acid Protein synthesis – see slide on Learning Suite, make sure you understand the process depicted Transcription – occurs in Nucleus RNA Polymerase binds to DNA and separates it, reads it, and forms a complementary strand of mRNA Translation – occurs in the cytoplasm Ribosomes read the mRNA and put together a protein chain based on the mRNA code Ribosomes Contain a little RNA (called rRNA) which allow them to recognize the mRNA The Leader Sequence – determines where the newly translated protein will go Leader sequence = sequence of base codes at beginning of protein strand which are recognized by wherever the location is they need to go (sequence is different for different locations) After translation protein is folded, leader sequence is cut off, etc. to form finished protein Occurs in endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'