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States and Security

by: Savannah Mahalak

States and Security

Marketplace > Georgia Southern University > > States and Security
Savannah Mahalak


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About this Document

States/ security
Global Issues
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Savannah Mahalak on Tuesday September 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to at Georgia Southern University taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 74 views.


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Date Created: 09/20/16
Tuesday, September 20, y Defining the State Defining Characteristics ­ States must have:  • Physical base of population and territory • Institutions of some sort which govern the physical base  • Some idea of the state which establishes its legitimacy among its citizenry States in the international Law ­ Sovereignty (recognizing no higher legitimacy than itself) ­ Territory ­ Population ­ Internal Structure ­ Political and Economic Intuitions ­ Domestic Legitimacy ­ Diplomatic Recognition Component Parts of the State ­ The idea of the State ­ The Physical Base of the State  Assumption… ­ If states are different in their composite parts, then they will have different ideas about what constitutes “national security” The Idea of the States ­ Abstract, but central…  ­ Two Parts 1 Tuesday, September 20, y • Functional (law and order, defense, etc) ­ desire to escape the State of Nature • Socio ­ Political Concept • Psychological connection (Imagined Communities) • Nation­States (Unity) ­ National Security as a thing • Product of a perceived shared history The Idea ­ The idea of the states must be firmly planted into the minds of the population…  without it, there is no concept for security. • Socialization (how society’s values are learned and the passed on) • Organizing Ideologies  • Abstract notion of the states is linked to a higher ideal (e.g. liberalism, democracy,  Islam, etc) The Institutions of the State ­ Machinery of the Government • Branches, laws, norms ­ Also linked to Organizing Ideologies • Liberalism ­ Bill of Rights • Republicanism ­ The Constitution  ­ Institutions can be abstract (freedom) or physical (the White House) The Institutions ­ Organizing ideologies establish range of acceptable political views, and can be easily manipulated by politicians for instrumental purposes • Appeals to National Security • Framing issues as fundamental National Security • Identify threats to core values or “our way of life” 2 Tuesday, September 20, y The Physical Base of the State ­ The Physical or tangible parts of the state (things that can be destroyed, seized,  damaged) • Population  • Territory  • Wealth • Borders • National Resources  ­ Fundamental Security Concerns ­ Power to Destroy vs Power to Hurt Differences in National Security ­ Since all states are composed differently, each states should difference security  issues ­ Different states may have similar security concerns emanating from the global  system, but how they interpret these threats, what they decide to do about them, etc.  may be different because of the differences between the component part of each  states Security Concerns ­ Strong States ­ should have a greater focus on international security issues ­ Weak States ­ should have a greater focus on domestic security issues ­ Diversionary War (“Wag the Dog’”) ­ Unification (Rally Round the Flag) 3


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