New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

COMM 121 Lecture 3 Note

by: Jieun Son

COMM 121 Lecture 3 Note Comm 121

Jieun Son
GPA 3.4

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes are about media policy and regulation and the case of copyright and net neutrality. They cover what is going to be in our exams.
Intro to Media & Culture
Lisa Henderson
Class Notes
Media and Society, Intro to Communication
25 ?




Popular in Intro to Media & Culture

Popular in Communication

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jieun Son on Tuesday September 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Comm 121 at University of Massachusetts taught by Lisa Henderson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Intro to Media & Culture in Communication at University of Massachusetts.


Reviews for COMM 121 Lecture 3 Note


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/20/16
COMM 121 Media Structure Who's left out of capitalist realism?  People without the resources to buy  People who want to resist "consumer culture." Policy and regulation; the case of copyright and net neutrality  Government body that regulates media: the Federal Communication Commission (FCC)  Established as Federal Radio Commission in 1934; works with Congress but is independent.  In the US, histories of more and less regulation. Why?  Big firms prefer not to be regulated by government: lobby for de- regulation. Three areas of law and policy especially relevant now: 1 First Amendment and the Citizens United decision a What is Citizens United? : Supreme Court case bearing the name of non-profit group that sued Federal Election Commission and won. b CU the legal nickname for a decision in the US supreme Court: Citizens United vs. Federal Election Commission (2010). c Ruled that it was a free speech violation for the federal government to limit corporate or union spending on TV and radio ads in campaigns; d Contributions are not made directly to candidates but to political action committees (PACs or "Super PACs") sponsored by corporate interests and super-rich donors. e For opponents, Citizens United is the end of free elections in the name of free speech. f First Amendment to the US Constitution as "bedrock", but also something we need to treat as history, with changing importance over time.  Zephyr Teachout  In her vote, she got about 35% of it (at the cost of $1.57 per vote in campaign expenses, in contrast to Andrew Cuomo's $60.62).  She argues that the hyper-protection of the First Amendment (where "money= speech") arises from changes in who is on the Supreme Court.  Used to be lawyers, who became politicians, then judges; their priority was "free elections."  Last 60 years: USSC judges come from the law academy. They becomes lawyers then academics; their priority is "free speech." COMM 121  Her research takes her back to the first years of the USSC, reviewing the background of every judge appointed since then to discover patterns.  Her interest? "Anti-corruption" : get big money out of federal election campaigns.  Like Bernie Sanders, she wants to overturn Citizens United.  She's running on small money.  Zephyr Teachout story explains why campaign finance means so much, especially in election season. 1 Net neutrality a Free speech and digital media: a Legislation preserving open access to the Internet and a level playing field for all websites; all content treated equally. b No "fast lanes" and "slow lanes" for different operators. c In 2010, this cause was more or less lost. New legislation favored long-standing corporate providers, who wanted their own fast lanes. d In 2015, however, the FCC approved an "Order to Protect and Promote the Open Internet." e Brings the internet under "common carrier" rules, like the wired telephone. f Debated in Congress, but no attempt to overturn the Order to Protect. g Big firms would still like to overturn it, and to "monetize" broadband speed, charging different rates for different channels based on speed. h Public interests (like libraries) and small firms (like startups) call the order "essential" to free expression and entering into business.  On Moodle: see the 187 signers of a thank-you letter to the FCC, e.g. including Kickstarter. 1 Copyright and fair use a Copyright law protects the sale and distribution of "copyrighted" material b Rights held by the owner of the copyright (who may not be the original author of the material). c Use without permission or payment means infringement, "breaking the law," penalty. d Over the years, protections expanded to a wide variety of visual, sound, and computer software products. e "Intellectual property" (IP) f File sharing poses problems in intellectual property law. g Why? - Because someone uses and share other's private file.  Napster COMM 121  Who knows what Napster was?  Early music download software that enabled users to share MP3 files on-line.  Napster was sued for IP infringement by Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA).  RIAA says Napster is not "fair use."  What is "fair use"?  "reasonable exceptions" to copyright protection.  Fair use exceptions based on:  Purpose and character of use (commercial? Transformative?)  Nature of copyrighted material (non-fiction?)  Amount of original work used? (> or < 10%?)  Effect upon work's value (diminished by non-licensed use?)


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.