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by: Ashley S
Ashley S
University of Memphis
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About this Document

Notes from class and guest speaker.
American Communities Honors
Ms. Lambert-Pennington
Class Notes




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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashley S on Tuesday September 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 3282-350 at University of Memphis taught by Ms. Lambert-Pennington in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see American Communities Honors in Cultural Anthropology at University of Memphis.

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Date Created: 09/20/16
Very territorial about who is truly from Timbuctoo, NJ. Burlington County originated out of Quakers Quakers = anti-slavery but do NOT view AA’s as equals Denied membership of friendship in community Rural community originally and still is Founded 1825 Founded by several migrants from Maryland potential connection between harriet tubman and community Jersey in 1804 passed a gradual emancipation act: - Any one born after July 14 thserve as an apprentice to you master(mother and father) - Women 21 yrs - Men 25 yrs Not necessarily a “station” in the under-ground railroad but could have been a stop along the route Suburban Sprawl 2009 40 acres were bought by the township 1804-1825: time frame for research in the area bought Fall 2009 - Shovel test for feature 13 Summer 10-11 - Shovel testing of anomalies - Excavation of feature 13 Feature 13 was first chosen due to the amount of potential the spot held William Davis: - Born in 1836 - Died in 1914 - Worked as a brick mower - Owned the land in 1876 - USCT member united stated colored troops - Bought 24x100ft lot for 2$ after war - Raised 5 children - 12x16 ft house that 7 people lived in - 5 children 2 adults - Buried A-horizons o Dark bands buried in the ground that suggest people have walked on that particular ground sometime in history o No buried horizon in the 12x16 house o That was suspicious - 1879 house was built - Salmon bricks/archer bricks: o Used for instillation o House was made of these two types of bricks o Not good for building a house o Salmon bricks: salmon colored and will expand/contract with weather causing cracks o Archer bricks: were burned too close to the first and shrivel up and become small - 1880-1940 Cultural continuities o Look up def o Due to time and space these were hard to find Cosmo gram o Religious belief system inspired by African American culture and religion Swept yard - Physical sweeping of yards - Taking a broom and cleaning outside/around the house - Spiritual and physical meaning - Spiritual meaning: o Brushing evil spirits away - Physical meaning o Having a clean area Timbuctoo was most likely occupied by colored people of the same regiment in a 40-acre area Bourdieu and the idea of structure, practice, and habitus: - Habitus is a system of durable, transposable dispositions, structured structures predisposed to function as structuring structures Notes 09/13/2016 Bellah: - Central strands of cultural tradition, biblical, republican, modern individualism o Republican o Biblical o Modern Individualism:  Utilitarian  Expressive - Themes: o Success o Freedom o Justice - Rep individuals o Winthrop o Jefferson o Franklin o Whitman - Rep characters-Independent Citizens; o Entrepreneur o Manager o Therapist The modern world system: Pre-global world: - Village/town based - Largely agricultural - Domestic system - Subsistence and self-sufficiency economy - Kinship group was basis of relationships, reciprocity and redistribution - Education was informal- socialization reinforced kinship and sense of place Domestic system: - Cottage industry, home-handicraft system in which an organizer/entrepreneur supplied the raw materials to workers in their homes and collected the finished products from them; entrepreneur owned materials, paid for work, arranged for marketing - Bridge for global world and pre-global world World-System Theory: - Society consists of parts assembled into an interrelated system - Societies are subsystems of bigger systems, with the world system as the largest - Based on wealth and power differentials - Extends beyond individual states and nations - Precursor for theory of globalization - Wallerstein’s Theory: o World system is arranged according to influence:  Core  Most powerful nations  Specializes in advanced goods  Uses modern technology  Semi-periphery  Little mechanizations  Rely on human labor  Agricultural commodities  Middle ground  Holding place  Middle management capacity  Periphery  Goods/materials are taken from here and sent to the core o The relationship between the core and the periphery is fundamentally exploitative Capitalist World Economy: - A single world system committed to production for sale/exchange - Objective = maximize profit - Does not supply domestic needs - Globalization 1.0 o 1492-1800  World shrank from large to medium  National exchange of people, resources, diseases o European transoceanic trade  15 century Europe  Networks and economic trading relationship with Asia, Africa, New world  National exchange of people, resources, diseases, ideas  Extraction of raw material  Conquering localized people  Colonization  Shift away from rural base  Local communities  Grew what they needed  Small scale family based economies  Built what they needed  Transeconomic trade meant that Europeans depended on and demanded for imported goods  Key agents:  How much power, muscle, horse, wind, steam, etc, your country had and how the country deployed it  - Globalization 2.0 o 1800-2000  World shrank from medium to small  Industrial revolution  Transnational o Industrial Revolution:  Transoceanic trade  Increased profits  Technological advancement  Scientific innovation  Shift from domestic system to industrialization  Causes:  Manufacture of goods move from home to factory  Increased need for products  Population doubled  Available natural resources  Fueled urban growth  Easily navigatable waterways  Reproduction of European civilization by English settler families in the New World  Shared cultural values  Religion  Problems:  Pollution  Crowded and insanitary housing  Insufficient water and sewage disposal  Disease  Rising death rates  Yellow fever epidemic from 1870-1890 in Memphis - Globalization 3.0 o 2000+  Small to tiny  Playing field is flat  Individual o Dynamic forces behind this era o A product of convergence of the personal computer with fiber-optic cable, with the rise of work flow software o Individuals had more power than ever to go global as individuals o Stresses global culture o Emphasizes historical contacts, power differentials between local people, and international forces o Industrialization accelerated local participation in larger networks o Consequences:  Money primary determinant of interaction  Decreased cultural diversity/increasing nationalism  Communication increases/less face-to-face interaction  Job specialization  Rise of individualism  New type of wealth and poverty  Environmental degradation  Consumerism/creation of consumer classes  Increased population  Creation of the metropolis - 23 Rise of capitalism/World System: - Surplus - Population growth - Domestic system shifts to commodities system - Technological advances o Ship building/compass - Breeding of stock o Cattle o Pigs o Etc. - Plantation agriculture o Mono-cropping  Farms only have one specific crop - Economic orientation to the world market for profit - Reinvestment of wealth into technology and growth Open and closed class systems: - Ascribed status o Closed social system o Hereditary o Clearly defined o Legal and religious sanctions against those who try to cross the boundaries - Achieved status o Open social system o Individual achievement o Personal merit o Industrialism  Status based on income o Vertical mobility  Upward and downward social status movement Socioeconomic effects of industrialization: - Industrial stratification - Marx: o Division between opposing classes created by a shift in modes of production from local domestic economies to miss and factories - Capitalists/bourgeoisie vs. property-less workers/proletariat - Class consciousness o Recognition of collective interests o Personal identification with a certain economic group - Weber: o 3 dimensions of social stratification o Wealtheconomic status o Powerpolitical status o Prestigesocial status o All tend to be correlated o Other social identities may take priority over class Colonialism: - Imperialism: o Policy of extending rule of nation or empire over a foreign nations and of taking and holding foreign colonies o India is a good example of this  British rule and government established the area until the revolution and were kicked out - Colonialism: o Political, social, economic, and cultural domination of a territory and its people by a foreign power for an extended period of time Old order amish New order amish Multiple types - Basedon - Ordnung Economy - Agriculture - Cottage business - Tourism - Building furniture Uses of technology - Economic survival - Take on non-amish partners - Question: how much change is too much? How will certain changes impact the community - Will only use buggies to diversify the community as a whole Age and change in apparel - Clothes are a marker for age - Roles/responsibilities - Modest dress code o Handmade o Head covering - Men have beards - No make up - Long braided hair - No patterns - Aprons - Color and style tell another about age/status Gender roles Importance of socializing and community events - Patriarchy - Religious heads - Biblical scripture - Family affairs - All events are social events/opportunities - Care for neighbors - Mutual responsibility for each other - Stewardship of land and resources - Work ethicconnection to early settlers - Key rituals - Funerals - Anabaptists o Choose to be baptized Formal and informal enforcement - Sunning(FE) - Excommunication(FE) -


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