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FSE 101

by: Reagan Cole
Reagan Cole

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About this Document

This was our first week of notes and covers basic topics and the different codes you'll use in this course.
Fire Prevention
Corey Hanks
Class Notes
Fire, Codes, FSE, NFPA
25 ?




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Reagan Cole on Tuesday September 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FSE 101 at Eastern Kentucky University taught by Corey Hanks in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Fire Prevention in Justice and Safety at Eastern Kentucky University.


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Date Created: 09/20/16
NFPA test Most commonly used May be too severe or not severe enough Ratings determined analytically using different time-temperature Noncombustible materials 1. Building codes contain explicit criteria for determining combustible material 2. Incapable of supporting combustion under normal circumstances 3. Most common test for determining combustibility- ASTM E 136 Classifications 1. Type 1, fire resistive 2. Type 2, noncombustible or protected noncombustible 3. Type 3, exterior protected 4. Type 4, heavy timber 5. Type 5, wood frame Type 1 is the best protection What holds in up? The original wood frame, then covered in brick- still a wooden frame originally Classifications- in building codes, based on materials used in construction and hourly fire resistance ratings required for structural components. NFPA 220 Details requirements for each classification and sub-classifications Designed by three-digit number codes- 1. Fire resistance ratings in hours of exterior bearing walls 2. Fire resistance rating of structural frames or columns and girders supporting loads greater than one floor 3. Fire resistance rating of floor construction International Building Code (IBC)  Similar to NFPA 220  Requirements for individual structural members differ  Building codes use construction types and occupancy in conjunction with sprinkler systems and separations to establish limits on heights and areas of buildings Type I construction  Structural members are noncombustible construction with a specified fire resistance  Combustible material typically permitted in certain components  Most common methods of construction Type II construction  Noncombustible- can be either protected or unprotected  IBC divides into two sub-classifications  Material other than steel can be used  Building codes allow combustible material similar to that in Type 1  Unprotected, noncombustible building cannot be expected to provide structural stability under fire conditions  Point at which unprotected members will fail Type III construction  “Ordinary construction”  Exterior walls frequently masonry, but can be any noncombustible material with required fire resistance  Interior members  Partially or wholly combustible  IBC divides into two sub-classifications  When fire resistance is required, most common is plaster (older) or gypsum board (newer)  Wood dimensions permitted to be small than type IV  Fundamental fire concern-concealed spaces Type IV  “Mill Construction”  Difference form Type III  Used in older factories, mills and warehouses  Primary fire hazard- massive amount of fuel from large structures Type V  All structural components may be combustible  Two sub-classifications  Different from Type III  Threat to adjacent structures if heavily involved in fire Mixed Construction- may result in special challenges for emergency responders Fire load  Maximum head released if all available fuel in a building was consumed  Buildings with combustible structural components have greater fire load than Type I and II Mixed occupancies Fire safety concepts tree NFPA 500 Fire prevention handbook section 1, Chapter 9 Manage fire 1. Sprinkler system 2. Keep at bay, to minimize damage 3. Control combustion process 4. Control fire by construction 5. Limiting oxygen- shut off air vents Fire safety concepts tree Provides an overall structure with which to analyze the potential impact of various intervention strategies on a specific fire safety problem. Active fire protection Require manual, mechanical, or electrical power for their operation. Includes: sprinkler systems and fire alarm systems Basically, require some sore of external action for them to initiate their response. Suppression- Active Passive fire protection Do not require eternal power. According to NFPA fire protection handbook- 3 types Rate of fire growth Interior finishes, separation distances Containment or compartmentation Confine by- products of combustion to strop spread Emergency egress Compartmentation- Passive Structural fire resistance testing NFPA 251 Fire resistance test -Easy to perform and have a historical basic -Tests are universally accepted around the world -No correlation with field performance… meaning a 2-hour rated wall will not stand for 2-hours during an actual fire. -Not a problem unless one is trying to do performance based design


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