ISS 315 Lecture 5 Notes
ISS 315 Lecture 5 Notes ISS 315
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Shea on Tuesday September 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ISS 315 at Michigan State University taught by Y. Sinha in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 43 views. For similar materials see Global Diversity/Interdepend in Integrative Studies Social Sci at Michigan State University.
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Date Created: 09/20/16
Lecture 5 Notes 9/20/16 Tuesday, September 20, 2012:35 PM • Enlightenment viewed tradition as irrational • New value was idea of nationalism ○ Idea that our country was great ○ Rise in nationalist parties § Not that effective ○ Nationalist parties were only effective when they combine with other ideologies such as religion or socialism ○ Nationalist got idea of utopian nation state from socialist party § Worker's paradise only for a single country ○ Any country that opposed national ideology was a threat to society itself ○ Foreign governments were a threat ○ Nationalism linked to ideology ○ Nazi stood for national socialism § Utopia for all Germans • Role of bourgeoisie during this era ○ Prior to 1870s bourgeoisie was top of social order Bourgeoisie = industry ○ ○ Dominant ideology ○ 1880s-‐values that they stood for progressed § They no longer stood for hard work because they already made their money □ Didn't have to work anymore § Those who did work tended to be managers, CEOs, etc. ○ Largely became part of the leisure class ○ No longer opposed to authority of government ○ Turned away from ideology of progress ○ No longer had vision of the world or where the world should be going ○ Bourgeoisie increasingly turned towards conservative parties ○ Became anti-‐progress ○ Grand bourgeoisie= factory owners ○ Petty bourgeoisie= small business owners Increasingly embracing nationalism ○ § No longer stood for nationalism or economic liberalism or universal principles of government ○ Became anti-‐progress ○ Grand bourgeoisie= factory owners ○ Petty bourgeoisie= small business owners ○ Increasingly embracing nationalism § No longer stood for nationalism or economic liberalism or universal principles of government • Era of Modern Art ○ Artists looking for inspiration ○ Artists were trying to paint paintings that would get straight to the emotion of the subject manner § Picasso ○ European society appeared less superior • Science ○ Up until this point, you could have a basic understanding of math and follow along with what scientists were talking about § Presented as very rational feedback ○ During this time, people like Einstein appear § Nobody could follow along § Bourgeois could no longer understand what was going on with science Freud-‐basic personality was what he called the id. ○ § It never goes away § No matter how much education, there is still a part of a person that is still irrational and it never goes away • 1870-‐1914: was considered golden era ○ End of this period was an age of revolution ○ European influences destabilized • Extraterritorial zones of influence ○ Extraterritorial means that there is an area of your country that actually legally belongs to another country § Embassies • All of the new colonies being created, created tension in Europe ○ Almost brink of war over control of new areas ○ Outbreak of protest and revolution in several parts of the world • Significant revolution: Russian revolution ○ Czar: king of Russia ○ Czar tried to industrialize § Industrial output greatly increased in the last years of Czarist rule ○ 1905: first Russian Revolution § Revolt against imperial Russian rule demanding democratic reform ○ 1917: communist take over: Second Russian Revolution § Czar was killed § Next 7 years had communist rule • 1805-‐1914: Europe enjoyed period of unprecedented peace and prosperity ○ 1905: first Russian Revolution § Revolt against imperial Russian rule demanding democratic reform ○ 1917: communist take over: Second Russian Revolution § Czar was killed § Next 7 years had communist rule • 1805-‐1914: Europe enjoyed period of unprecedented peace and prosperity ○ Created global economy of interdependent common block • Zones of influence were constant source of conflict ○ Conflicts destabilized carefully worked out balance of power between Western nations ○ 1880s-‐every power was on edge § Everyone knew something bad was going to happen § Army was a good was of instilling patriotism in men § New advances in military technology meant that military power was tied with economic power □ Strengthened ties between industry and government § Military was protected sector of economy § Every government had to get money in order to maintain military power □ Ex. Taxes § War was seen as a good thing sometimes □ More political stability □ Nobody thought war would get as out of hand as it did • World War 1 ○ Increase in tension because Germany felt encircled by its' enemies § In order to counter balance threats to Germany, they created the Triple Alliance □ Between Germany, Austria , and Italy □ When wore broke out Italians tore away from alliance and took other side □ Ottoman empirejoined Germans instead § On the other hand, France was threatened by Germans and Russia felt threatened by Austria □ France created alliance with initially Russia § British traditionally rivaled with France and they also had good relations with German § Germans had great economy and large population: should have been a great power but they had very small colonial footprint □ French and English carved up most of world between them □ Germans created arms race with England □ Germany wanted Navy to claim to have a great power and gain respect □ Only naval presence were the English § Englandjoined France and Russiain treaty c riple Entente □ Germans created arms race with England □ Germany wanted Navy to claim to have a great power and gain respect □ Only naval presence were the English § Englandjoined France and Russiain treaty ca riple Entente Bosnia became direct cause of World War 1 ○ ○ Carnage was something nobody had imagined ○ Lesson learned: don't slow march against machine guns ○ One battle cost a million lives ○ Nothing really got resolved, just killed each other ○ Idea of free market economic system wasn't vitalized
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