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ISS 315 Lecture 5 Notes

by: Samantha Shea

ISS 315 Lecture 5 Notes ISS 315

Samantha Shea

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These notes cover what was talked about in class on Tuesday, September 20th.
Global Diversity/Interdepend
Y. Sinha
Class Notes
ISS315, Lecture Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Shea on Tuesday September 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ISS 315 at Michigan State University taught by Y. Sinha in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 43 views. For similar materials see Global Diversity/Interdepend in Integrative Studies Social Sci at Michigan State University.

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Date Created: 09/20/16
Lecture  5  Notes  9/20/16 Tuesday,  September   20,  2012:35  PM • Enlightenment  viewed  tradition  as  irrational • New  value  was  idea  of  nationalism ○ Idea  that  our  country  was  great ○ Rise  in  nationalist  parties § Not  that  effective ○ Nationalist  parties  were  only  effective  when  they  combine  with  other   ideologies  such  as  religion  or  socialism ○ Nationalist  got  idea  of  utopian  nation  state  from  socialist  party § Worker's  paradise  only  for  a  single  country ○ Any  country  that  opposed  national  ideology  was  a  threat  to  society  itself ○ Foreign  governments  were  a  threat ○ Nationalism  linked  to  ideology ○ Nazi  stood  for  national  socialism § Utopia  for  all  Germans • Role  of  bourgeoisie  during  this  era ○ Prior  to  1870s  bourgeoisie  was  top  of  social  order Bourgeoisie  =  industry ○ ○ Dominant  ideology   ○ 1880s-­‐values  that  they  stood  for  progressed   § They  no  longer  stood  for  hard  work  because  they  already  made   their  money □ Didn't  have  to  work  anymore § Those  who  did  work  tended  to  be  managers,  CEOs,  etc.   ○ Largely  became  part  of  the  leisure  class ○ No  longer  opposed  to  authority  of  government ○ Turned  away  from  ideology  of  progress ○ No  longer  had  vision  of  the  world  or  where  the  world  should  be  going ○ Bourgeoisie  increasingly  turned  towards  conservative  parties ○ Became  anti-­‐progress ○ Grand  bourgeoisie=  factory  owners ○ Petty  bourgeoisie=  small  business  owners Increasingly  embracing  nationalism   ○ § No  longer  stood  for  nationalism  or  economic  liberalism  or  universal   principles  of  government ○ Became  anti-­‐progress ○ Grand  bourgeoisie=  factory  owners ○ Petty  bourgeoisie=  small  business  owners ○ Increasingly  embracing  nationalism   § No  longer  stood  for  nationalism  or  economic  liberalism  or  universal   principles  of  government • Era  of  Modern  Art ○ Artists  looking  for  inspiration ○ Artists  were  trying  to  paint  paintings  that  would  get  straight  to  the   emotion  of  the  subject  manner   § Picasso ○ European  society  appeared  less  superior • Science ○ Up  until  this  point,  you  could  have  a  basic  understanding  of  math  and   follow  along  with  what  scientists  were  talking  about § Presented  as  very  rational  feedback ○ During  this  time,  people  like  Einstein  appear § Nobody  could  follow  along § Bourgeois  could  no  longer  understand  what  was  going  on  with   science Freud-­‐basic  personality  was  what  he  called  the  id. ○ § It  never  goes  away § No  matter  how  much  education,  there  is  still  a  part  of  a  person  that   is  still  irrational  and  it  never  goes  away • 1870-­‐1914:  was  considered  golden  era ○ End  of  this  period  was  an  age  of  revolution ○ European  influences  destabilized • Extraterritorial  zones  of  influence ○ Extraterritorial  means  that  there  is  an  area  of  your  country  that  actually   legally  belongs  to  another  country § Embassies • All  of  the  new  colonies  being  created,  created  tension  in  Europe ○ Almost  brink  of  war  over  control  of  new  areas ○ Outbreak  of  protest  and  revolution  in  several  parts  of  the  world • Significant  revolution:  Russian  revolution ○ Czar:  king  of  Russia ○ Czar  tried  to  industrialize § Industrial  output  greatly  increased  in  the  last  years  of  Czarist  rule ○ 1905:  first  Russian  Revolution § Revolt  against  imperial  Russian  rule  demanding  democratic  reform ○ 1917:  communist  take  over:  Second  Russian  Revolution § Czar  was  killed § Next  7  years  had  communist  rule • 1805-­‐1914:  Europe  enjoyed  period  of  unprecedented  peace  and  prosperity ○ 1905:  first  Russian  Revolution § Revolt  against  imperial  Russian  rule  demanding  democratic  reform ○ 1917:  communist  take  over:  Second  Russian  Revolution § Czar  was  killed § Next  7  years  had  communist  rule • 1805-­‐1914:  Europe  enjoyed  period  of  unprecedented  peace  and  prosperity ○ Created  global  economy  of  interdependent  common  block • Zones  of  influence  were  constant  source  of  conflict ○ Conflicts  destabilized  carefully  worked  out  balance  of  power  between   Western  nations ○ 1880s-­‐every  power  was  on  edge § Everyone  knew  something  bad  was  going  to  happen § Army  was  a  good  was  of  instilling  patriotism  in  men § New  advances  in  military  technology  meant  that  military  power  was   tied  with  economic  power □ Strengthened  ties  between  industry  and  government § Military  was  protected  sector  of  economy § Every  government  had  to  get  money  in  order  to  maintain  military   power □ Ex.  Taxes § War  was  seen  as  a  good  thing  sometimes   □ More  political  stability □ Nobody  thought  war  would  get  as  out  of  hand  as  it  did • World  War  1 ○ Increase  in  tension  because  Germany  felt  encircled  by  its'  enemies § In  order  to  counter  balance  threats  to  Germany,  they  created  the   Triple  Alliance □ Between  Germany,  Austria ,  and  Italy □ When  wore  broke  out  Italians  tore  away  from  alliance  and   took  other  side □ Ottoman  empirejoined  Germans  instead § On  the  other  hand,  France  was  threatened  by  Germans  and  Russia   felt  threatened  by  Austria □ France  created  alliance  with  initially  Russia § British  traditionally  rivaled  with  France  and  they  also  had  good   relations  with  German § Germans  had  great  economy  and  large  population:  should  have   been  a  great  power  but  they  had  very  small  colonial  footprint □ French  and  English  carved  up  most  of  world  between  them □ Germans  created  arms  race  with  England   □ Germany  wanted  Navy  to  claim  to  have  a  great  power  and   gain  respect □ Only  naval  presence  were  the  English § Englandjoined  France and  Russiain  treaty  c  riple  Entente □ Germans  created  arms  race  with  England   □ Germany  wanted  Navy  to  claim  to  have  a  great  power  and   gain  respect □ Only  naval  presence  were  the  English § Englandjoined  France and  Russiain  treaty  ca  riple  Entente Bosnia  became  direct  cause  of  World  War  1 ○ ○ Carnage  was  something  nobody  had  imagined ○ Lesson  learned:  don't  slow  march  against  machine  guns ○ One  battle  cost  a  million  lives ○ Nothing  really  got  resolved,  just  killed  each  other ○ Idea  of  free  market  economic  system  wasn't  vitalized  


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