Weekly Notes from 3/23 and 3/25
Weekly Notes from 3/23 and 3/25 PSC 2446
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amanda Rewerts on Sunday March 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSC 2446 at George Washington University taught by Elizabeth Saunders in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 102 views. For similar materials see US Foreign Policy in Political Science at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 03/29/15
US Foreign Policy Notes for 323 and 325 Paper prompt was handed out She can t read drafts 3 is a good number to make a list Make connections Should cite at least 3 authors 1991 Persian Gulf War Supporting Troops became more popular and people really got behind them the first time since the Vietnam War Soviet Union collapse after Persian Gulf War Containing SU was no longer an objective Pall of Berlin Wall 119 1989 Post Cold War Era US Terrorist Attacks 119 2001 Post 911 World Present Kennan Sweepstakeseveryone wanted to be the next Kennan Closest guy to him was Jerry Rosher wanted the world to be full of Democracies Blue Blob Democratic Countries nickname Kennan regretted the term of containment and didn t want the Vietnam War Kennan felt a single world phrase or bumper sticker should not be forming US FP instead their should be a short paragraph instead Kennan met with White House official to talk about this After 911 it did not change things as much as it was advertised and didn t change much of international systems Issues that Emerged 1 Globalization Clinton says the economy is too big a GHW Bush didn t win 211d term even after a 90 approval rating because the economy was so bad b Bailouts of Mexico and Guatamala c Trade is a huge issue in the 90s d Clinton platform was based on economy 2 Ethnic Con icts were frozen since the start of the Cold War a Bosnia b Somalia c Clinton decides to make these democrat countries d Didn t give enough aid to Somalia and Black Hawk Down happened e Clinton used military intervention every 18 months and he said he didn t need a FP aspect f US pays SU to secure our nukes and taking care of themWEIRDDDDD 3 Iraq Iran North Korea a Still on our radar for nuclear weapons Socialist 4 Eastern Europe Democratization a States come down b These ideas of many democrats and also supported by neo liberals 5 Terrorism Issue a Osama Bin Laden had been on Clinton s radar for a long time b Oklahoma Domestic Attack c Afghanistan question i Is there a question Is it big enough to do anything about it Iraq in this book and how much Clinton was involved and is concerned about it in regime change in Iraq 0 100000 dollars authorized and helped regime change in Iraq 0 Everyone preferred to see Saddam Hussein go but no one did nothing about it before GW Bush 90s periods was where Saddam would show his anger but would back down threats were made but nothing was ever done US had just won the Cold War Liberal Capitalism had won Cold War and is better than Communism American FP and military have the power to stop ethnic cleansing and genocides Debates on how much to force after Cold War Debate where do threats come Transnational threats theorist groups diseases and climate change and not just states make threats China was not a world power at the time of Soviet Union collapse Rise of China becomes world power and very rich US is for sure a world power and what do they do with this world power UN can be a place to negotiate things 90s people want to use UN US united NATO forces during Kosovo French were displeased with US forces in Iraq Taiwan and accidental bombing of Chinese embassy in Kosovo In Persian Gulf War GH Bush wanted to other actors to help with Persian Gulf crisis wanted to run Multilateral regimes in Persian Gulf War 43fd Bush ran a complete unilateral regime in Iraq War People wanted to spend less but wanted intervention in all con icts Peaces but no costs and this is still true today FP Actors 0 Congress 94 Republican Maj ority Gingrich with Contract for America 0 Many undeclared Wars 0 Congress didn t want to use force 0 Neoconservatives bounce back and forth between Dems and Rep between Reagan and Clinton and Bush 0 Cold War Republicans didn t have confidence in FF Democrats can t win Prez because of Carter 0 Republican party is divided libertarian Rand Paul and hawkish wing 0 41st Bush was a very hawkish leader 0 Clinton s FP was engagement in World and HR and this policy was toxic for Dems and dropped off the platform 0 Real debate between Dems who are Wilsonians an Doves o Democratization use of force was in 1990s and was more on the Dem Party platform as close enough as the 90s 0 Obama is a realist and doesn t want US to be involved 0 Obama is dove related to Past Republican 0 Rand Paul 2016 is popular with Dems TAKE HOME 90s were important decade to FF but didn t force anyone to make huge decision economic plenty and no global threat with Terrorism If you can t have an enemy then there might not be one The government needed a boogey man to chase 911 didn t put these things on the tale it just gave the US to have an enemy 911 concentrated and gave people something to focus on 325 Notes Iraq and Afghanistan War Big implications of US military Why Afghanistan How Iraq and Afghanistan In the context of what happened before 911 there was people for and against both wars 4 Grand strategies Goals and resources and means Kennan viewpoint Possible Grand Strategies Post cold War 1 Strategic Disengagement AKA isolationism a Embraced by Ralph Nates in 2000 presidential election b Take out of military of bad zones and impose economic sanctions and totally rename ourselves 2 Balanceof Power Realism a P zerb0993 Want to make sure there is no great Power to replace Soviet Union Closest to Kennan Protect vital sources of power Don t intervene in civil wars Aiming to Protect wide range of interest Protect Persian Gulf Sees resources as limited Need a little military there and resources 3 PrimaryKagan NeoConservative view a Perotb0953 H O J Benevolent hegemony Prevent another power from taking Americas power Expanding democracy Thinks the US is more powerful with democracies in the world Want US to be REAL 1 country No separation between ideals and resources Still think states are only threatening actors Didn t want to cut defense spending after cold war Wanted aircraft carriers armies Doesn t want armies for just standing there or creating nations 4 Liberal Internationalism rhea Believes multilateral unions are the only groups that can create peaces Want US to join UN and others will follow Humanitarian intervention of use of force LOVE THE UN AND NATO Don t go as far as primary s use armies Like idea of operating in a multilateral way At the time all of these options were in play in 90s 0 GW Bush administration were mostly Balance of Power realist 0 GW Bush was more of Primacy before 2001 0 War in Afghanistan everyone thought was over in 2003 0 Strategic Disengagement wasn t feasible after 911 0 BalanceofPower peeps were concerned about states and power among states and they might argue nothing changed with balance of power after 2011 0 Balance of Power people wanted to contain Iraq and were against war in Iraq 0 Secretary of State Powell believes Iraq War was not the be st idea 0 Powell pushes Bush to do war in multilateral way just like his father did in Persian Gulf Primacist were looking for state to fight don t care about multilater way Primarist look at through 90s Iraq democratization fits in idea that it would spread in the Middle East and Domino Theory Primarist thought Afghanistan was too small of a state Bof P were more activist than Primary Idealist Coalition of the Willing Bush conference trying to get more states involved in the wars Liberal Internationalism believed that some saw freeing Iraq from Saddam s rule and tight hold would be good Others didn t believe it would be good Many people wanted Iraq War to be liberating of Iraqis from horrible rule of Saddam British Prime Minster was a Liberal Internationalism who was also a hawk Many competing strategies in Iraq War Iraq was War of Choice rather War of necessity Many different reason why State Dept Policy director old Kennan job doesn t know sole reason why we went to war It was Rice and Powell vs Rusmfeld and o How do you define success in Iraq 0 US goes in with very small resources 0 Bagdad Saddam state was toppled April 1St 0 US could say they were official out May 1st 0 120000 troops were sent into IraqRumsfeld idea and was much faster than usual 0 Army chief of staff Chenzicy said Iraq would require many troops 0 So few troops meant people all in tanks 0 Little trust was built among the Iraqi people 0 Would have needed force of 500000 thousand people to properly take over Baghdad 0 Only about 6 troops per 100000 people in Iraq 0 In 2003 the plan Rumsfeld had all of his goals done early in war 0 Taken over regime 0 Get troops sent 0 Surgical approach in Afghanistan had worked 0 In 2006 US realized they need to shift insurging 0 There should be a counter insurgency ready at all times 0 Counterinsurgency where they are many troops o How to build American Military 0 There are cost no matter what you do