HIS 2110, Week 5
HIS 2110, Week 5 HIST 2110
Popular in Survey of U.S History (HIST 2110-
Popular in History
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hagar Notetaker on Tuesday September 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 2110 at Georgia State University taught by Prof. Casey P. Cater in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Survey of U.S History (HIST 2110- in History at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 09/20/16
HIS 2110 9/20/16 Manifest Destiny American Progress Essence of 19 Century US Growth o “manifest destiny” o Expansion to west 3 Revolutions o Market revolution o Transportation revolution o Communications revolution Changes after 1815 After War of 1812 o British were kicked out of North America Many people didn’t like the increase US became more urban in factories. Believes in Jeffersonian o 5% in 1770 individual farmers are the ideal o 20% in 1860 Farmers produced more to market o Global market now instead of local market Increase in factories & wage laborers o Exports in 1790: $20 M o Exports in 1807: $108 M Expansion of slavery o Unfree Labor = slaves o Free Labor = payed workers who’re free men Market Revolution Federal Gov’t James Madison deeply involved o President at time in promoting econ growth o Believed gov’t should start expansion of market & expansion to west Henry Clay (1777-1852) o “American System” How it’ll be Improved economy, social life, etc. done Federal Gov’t o Protected Tariffs Tariff- tax on specific good or service Taxed foreign imports in order to better domestic economy o Promoted industry o National Bank Credit for land speculation HIS 2110 9/20/16 o Internal improvements Roads & Canals Transportation Revolution Waterborne shipping: o Most efficient before 1815 Roads were poor & inconvenient o 30 inland miles cost the same as shipping across the Atlantic o All weather roads Cumberland Road (1811-1837) Canals o Erie Canal (1817-1825) linked Albany & Buffalo & beyond Created the growth of Detroit, Milwaukee, Chicago, Buffalo, etc. New Technology Steam Engine (John Watt) Steam Boat (Robert Fulton) Railroad o By 1850, US has +9,000 miles of track o 1860, US had over 30,000 miles of track Impacts o Prices for shipping began to drop rapidly o New interior cities Chicago Cincinnati Communication Revolution US postal service More & faster info ties o Largest employer in US in 1820’s-1890’s people closer to market 30,00 offices in 1850 80,000 offices in 1830 o Road construction The Telegraph o Samuel Morse (1844) 1 telegraph message was “what hath God wrought?” o Subsidized by federal gov’t o By 1890 England & US could communicate via telegraph through underwater cable HIS 2110 9/20/16 Rise of free labor Labor theory of value The Republican Party (1854) o Slavery, not market, was the enemy “Irrepressible conflict” o Free labor & slavery couldn’t co-exist Said by William Seward Helped create Rep. Party Bought Alaska from Russians The West Slavery was productive 1840’s, slavery was a wedge o Republicanism freedom Northerners linked it to free-labor mode Southerners linked it to absolute property rights West = future o Both slavery & free labor had to expand Missouri Compromise Constitutional Era o Slavery protected… but so was freedom o North West Ordinance Carved out 5 states around great lakes & said that slavery would never exist there Louisiana purchase (1803) o Jefferson (pres. @ time) wanted it to be free state 1815-1819 o 4 new states o 2 free states (IN & IL) o 2 slave states (MS & AL) Missouri & Maine (1820) o Both new states o Mississippi is slave o Maine is free The Mexican War (1846-1848) 1845 o US annexed Texas & wanted California HIS 2110 9/20/16 “Manifest Destiny” (1845) US people still move in to Mexican territory without permission o The Wilmot Proviso (1846) Mexican Territory: free or slave? b/c south of Missouri border therefore potential slave territory Compromise of 1850 Henry Clay a. California: free state b. Slave trade abolished in DC c. Fugitive slave laws i. Implicated that EVERYONE in US was required to report escaped slave no matter what state they were in d. Popular Sovereignty i. People would get to vote on whether they want their state to be free or slave state Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854) Popular Sovereignty Missouri compromise was factor o Kansas-Nebraska act repealed Missouri compromise Both states are north of Missouri therefore would’ve been free o Potential spread of slavery o “Bleeding Kansas” Dred Scott (Scott. Sandford, 1857) Was slave that was moved a lot with his owner to free states. So sued his owner for illegally owning slave in free states o Couldn’t actually sue because slaves are not citizens therefore do not have rights to sue Supreme court question o Resident in free state = freedom? o Could congress prohibit slavery? Answers o No! state/territorial law had no bearings Theoretically, any state can be slave state o No! congress could not bar slavery Can’t seize someone’s property
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