HDFS 3400 Chapter 10
HDFS 3400 Chapter 10 3440
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caroline Bacevice on Sunday March 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 3440 at Ohio State University taught by Katye Miller in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 43 views. For similar materials see Human Sexuality in Human Development at Ohio State University.
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Date Created: 03/29/15
Human Sexuality Chapter 10 Contraception Comstock laws prohibited any information about contraception to be passed through the mail Comstock laws were passed in 1870s and were not struck down until 1960s for married women and 1970s for unmarried women Margaret Sanger one of the early promoters of changing birth control legislation Provided birth control information through her newspaper The Women s Rebellion around 1915 Five things to consider before choosing a birth control method 0 Effectiveness I Perfect Percentage percentage effective when used perfectly and consistently each time someone has sex I Typical Percentage drops percentage of effectiveness of a significant amount 0 Safety is it FDA approved 0 Cost of method Affordable Healthcare Act all FDA approved contraceptives free without a copay under health insurance 0 Risk and Benefits are there side effects 0 Personal Considerations religious beliefs comforts allergies etc Types of Birth Control 0 Behavioral I Outercourse anything that doesn t include vaginal sex I Withdrawal not effective I FAM Fertility Awareness Method Standard Days Method cycle of 2632 days avoid unprotected vaginal sex from days 8 through 19 Mucus Method Ovulation Method different textures of vaginal secretions that predict fertility Need to really be comfortable with your bodyvagina Rhythm Method calendar to track cycle Basal Body Temperature take temperature before getting out of bed 0 BarrierSpermicidal I Spermicides creams jelly s foams Non oxil nine Perfect use 80 typical 65 Can increase the risk of infections and diseases I Male Condom One of the most utilized method Perfect rate 9798 Typical rate 8385 Animal skin condoms will not help reduce risk of STDs I Female condom Inner and outer ring both exible Perfect use 95 Typical Use 75 I DiaphragmLea s Shield Can be used multiple times over and over again Use spermicide with it for highest effectiveness Diaphragm different sizes Lea s Shield one size fits all Both lasts 2 years Have to leave in for 6 hours after having sex Perfect use 94 effective Typical use 85 effective Decreases bacterial STIs Increase use of UTIs and vaginal cervical irritation Can increase risk of Toxic Shock Syndrome I Cervical Cap FemCap Actually cover the cervix Used up to 2 years In US need a prescription for both Does depend on if you39ve had a vaginal birth or pregnancy Rate drops from 81 to 75if you have been pregnant I Sponge Can be left in for 30 hours Must be left in 6 hours after vaginal sex Do not have to add spermicide like others Perfect use 99 no vaginal birth 80 with birth Typical use 88 no vaginal birth 76 with birth 0 Hormonal I Oral Contraceptives The Pill Four Basic Types 0 Constant dose combination pill birth control pill that contains a constant daily dose of estrogen I Most commonly used oral contraceptive in the US I Secretes estrogen and progestin o Triphasic pill birth control pill that varies the dosage of estrogen and progestin during the menstrual cycle I Designed to reduce total hormone dosage and any side effects 0 Seasonale birth control pill that reduces menstrual periods to four times a year 0 Progestinonly pill I Contraceptive pill that contains a small dose of progestin and no estrogen I Only 035 mg of progestin about 13 average strength pill The estrogen in these pills prevents conception primarily by inhibiting ovulation The progestin in these pills provides secondary contraception protection by thickening and chemically altering the cervical mucus so that the passage of sperm into the uterus is hampered Also changes lining of the uterus making it less receptive to implantation I Vaginal Ring and Transdermal Patch Releases hormones through the vaginal lining or skin into the bloodstream I Injected Contraceptives Inhibits the secretion of gonadotropins and prevents follicular maturation and ovulation Shot given every twelve weeks Usually takes 10 months after stopping injections for a woman to get pregnant I Contraceptive Implant Matchstick size rod implanted under the skin of the upper arm and releases contraceptive hormones Releases slow steady dose of progestin o Nonhormonal IUD I Intrauterine device a small plastic device that is inserted into the uterus for contraception I Most common reversible contraceptive used by women in the developing world I The one with copper seems to alter the tubal and uterine uids which affects the sperm and egg so fertilization does not occur I Inserted by a health car professional using sterile instruments 0 Permanent 0 No Method Emergency Contraception Emergency contraception Hormone pills or an IUD that can be used after unprotected intercourse to prevent pregnancy Taken within 24 hours of intercourse is typically 95 effective in preventing pregnancy
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