Class Notes from 3/23 and 3/25
Class Notes from 3/23 and 3/25 PSC 2218
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amanda Rewerts on Sunday March 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSC 2218 at George Washington University taught by Sarah Binder in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 102 views. For similar materials see Legislative Politics in Political Science at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 03/29/15
Notes from the Beginning of Class 325 in Legislative Politics Fivethrityeightcom See how conservative GOP candidates are Ted Cruz farthest right candidates How Dems used to adopt budgets King of Hill rule 1980s Last amendment wins Vote 1 Ronald Regan budget Vote 2 Congressional Black Caucus budget Vote 3 Boll Weevial Conservative Dem budget Vote 4 Democratic leadership budget Committee bill GOP in 1995 reject King of Hill invent Queen of the Hill Order amendment votes with different budget proposals Amendment that gets the most votes wins If there s a tie last considered amendment wins Have GOP s budget predicament GOP disagreements threaten to spend budget Defense hawks vs budget hawks All GOP want reconciliation which require HS Budget agreement Leadership proposes selfexecuting rule to add extra defense dollars to budget wo direct vote on the Rank and file object Rules committee bring back Queen of the Hill Queen of the Hill 2015 Vote 1 CPC budget Vote 2 CBC budget Vote 3 RSC budget Republican study committee Vote 4 Democratic Caucus budget Vote 5 Budget committee budget Vote 6 Budget committee budget with added defense and waiver of payoff Assignment politics and committee power Party leaders constrained by property right norm Senate party leaders constrained by Johnson Rule House party leaders care most about a few committees rules ways and means appropriations xiv w ij ll Olf CO at Implications for committee models A strong property rights norm implies support for the distributive model Assignment process implies support for partydominated model Requirement that chamber endorses committee slates supports informational model W 39 iljwr39 of 2 a ram 1 fj f 397 52 7 IVE 2 3quot Ari Ww VS 91 5 39 1 M331 0 Y39l 39fi quot5 ii i f V Miquot Vi I i i v N quot 5quot k iiifit NY I jarNC 113163quot 739 V 5 12 r quotquot52 AK 0 him i ij it 3 Committee power Negative power Power to prevent something from happening o Positive power Power to make something happen 39 Rules and practices enhance negative power Germaneness rule Amendments must be related on floor to bill applies in House not Senate Gatekeeping Refusal by committee to hold hearings or to report bills 2nd degree amendments Committee have first right to amend amendments 39 r 39 f Iv 39 39 daft m or fair ML it 541 lt6quot f vmmwpsemme I 2 I J quot7 150 t r x If v I 7 39 a n C17 WV i I Q 7v ffr rev if 1quot if I 1 3 deg ree amendment Vote 2 V Bill 2ml degree amendment Vote 1 fa V If 6 17 lam Mm r 0i Z mm LEWV I 3 Tf f l I I 53 f ff r rff ist degree 3mm 2nd dear to MW amnioni1 it dcgrn Example of power of 2nd degree amendments Defense bill debated on House floor Rep Barbara Boxer introduces a ist f degree amendment to ban Pentagon from lobbying Congress for 5 years after leaving office Revolving door banquot Armed Services Committee offers 2nd degree amendment to Boxer lst degree amendment 2nd degree amendments protect committee power 39 15t degree No Pentagon employee can lobby Congress for 5 years 2nd degree Strike Pentagon emapllw Insert 5 star gener v Order of voting First vote on 2nd degree amendment Next vote on 15 degree amendment as amended Eventuall vote on underlying bill as amendedkl Negative power contd Ex post veto Committees dominate conference committees and so can delete provisions added by floor House special rules Restrictive rules may protect the committee s preferred outcome closed rule f g ik CX39VNJ I math lpf fiff Ql c l r 3 r 5quot g gi1 5 In 3 l l WM zquot 39 39r a 39 g l Martiniif l in if A la tli fi i 9 illJ quot397 iiiF j Ul lWVlf U l l 1 dial X r 739 ll it w J alt w x 11 r 3 j of quotI quot I l H i Ml ifU1 L 2 lg 1 39 J 39 O 41mg Goodbye to the textbook Congress flfizft mmmll g iy Le autonomous committees me D l 3 Wm gml iquot ill I Iquot f A 7 39 House v Senate ally391 5 E a 139 x Multiple referral f I c Discharge petition rule I 75 c ZZW A New avenues of party influence on Mquot 39 q committees FfSUEr bagel process par a cfff sSio ni Wi lot at 474 wei fl Pigtsi m39lneit d tor SWIM m6 l I Lquot 09 393 539 a i g momla c 0512 W a if G 9 l V 3mm 15 blitl 39 Jp Ufal Q55 d Wt if 0 51093 ON bug egrh 30 l minO Spend POMS l 97 l Uif f H5258 39 33ml gram m M A J m l ECORClM ww Halon on kit A x 5 gt7 af rms c We 4r Mm Pb 1 appf bPll lJiwiiS 15313 Co l39i0 lie oi em c glycol 5W 0er 3mm 3 5 W 1m 0L Milieu mm 0C S p ndj g g r mi 5W W V attics Hit em WNW Q WM 0 swim suit 5 quotm 9 0 rsa ltgtm x39quot Butiimm39lkt mil 3 my m b do mm 3 K 392 L S k QGP mg 3 b C W W ugt lo Mam Wills llama 7 9 ties EL 3 I 35 a f l Parties and leaders V ti if n V in Congreis 39 335 y i Why do we have parties Ll Models of party power 5 Party government model quotquot N N r quot 3f Conditional party government model W What impact do parties have on legislative politics 39 t V 7 l 17quot Development of parties 1 ny m parl 1 x I 1 Constitution does not mention parties Legislative parties emerge first issues State debts location of capitol Factions Hamiltonians v Madison WMM l is Jefferson W 1 mi Tiami pr 52 at o Electoral parties appear before Civil War W 39 ll Iquot l W 7 quot w l Cohesiveness of parties varies over time House and Senate parties develop differently George Washington on parties Let me warn you in the most solemn manner against the baneful effects of the spirit of party This spiritexists under different shapes in all governmentand is truly its worst enemy I796 FareweIAddress Thomas Jefferson on parties quotlfl could not go to heaven but with a party I would not go there at all i 789 Collective action problem Problem arises in settings of social decision making o How do get individuals to cooperate when their own best interests compel them to seek their own self interest How parties can solve collective action problems Activity choice Individual Biking Reading Basketball Sarah 4 3 9 Noa 3 9 4 Mica 9 4 3 Independent voting All bills pass payoff 2 2 2 Pareto optimal Defeat all bills payoff 0 0 0 Party of A and B Pass only X 4 3 9
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